OTHER COUNTRIES

Jordan

Al-Khalidi, Suleiman. "Jordan Sentences Ex-Spy Chief to 13 Yrs Jail Over Graft." Reuters, 11 Nov. 2012. [http://www.reuters.com]

Retired General Mohammad al-Dahabi, who ran the country's intelligence agency from 2005 to 2009, "was sentenced to 13 years in prison" on 11 November 2012. He had been "found guilty of money laundering, embezzlement and abuse of power, and was ordered to return $30 million."

Associated Press. "CIA Ramps Up Cooperation with Jordan Amid Islamic State Attack Fears." 9 Sep. 2014. [http://usmarines.einnews.com]

"The U.S. is stepping up its intelligence cooperation with Jordan,... concerned that the Arab country could be vulnerable to the Islamic State militant group." According to two former agency officials, "[t]he CIA has approached" Robert Richer, "a retired former agency official with close ties to King Abdullah II[,] about setting up a special task force to help Jordan deal with the threat from the Islamic State group."

O'Connell, Jack, with Vernon Loeb. King’s Counsel: A Memoir of War, Espionage, and Diplomacy in the Middle East. New York: Norton, 2011.

Young, Boston Globe, 27 May 2011, sees this as a "straight-shooting book" by "a former CIA agent [sic] who served as station chief in Amman, Jordan, and acted as King Hussein's adviser, attorney, and diplomatic counselor for three decades." In fact, King's Counsel "is as much an apologia for the late monarch as a memoir." For Pillar, Washington Post, 14 Jul. 2011, "Hussein relied on the CIA not only for intelligence vital to his own security but also as his principal conduit to the U.S. government and a partner in his diplomatic endeavors." The book has "the obligatory spy vignettes,... but these are digressions from the main story about Hussein, war and peace."

Warrick, Joby. "Jordan Emerges as Key CIA Counterterrorism Ally." Washington Post, 4 Jan. 2010, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

The death of Jordanian General Intelligence Department (GID) captain Sharif Ali bin Zeid in the suicide attack on CIA Forward Operating Base Chapman in Afghanistan provides a look "into a partnership that U.S. officials describe as crucial to their counterterrorism strategy. Although its participation is rarely acknowledged publicly, Jordan is playing an increasingly vital role in the fight against al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups.... Traditionally close ties between the CIA and the Jordanian spy agency ... [were] strengthened" after the 9/11 attacks.

Whitlock, Craig. "Jordan's Spy Agency: Holding Cell for the CIA." Washington Post, 1 Dec. 2007, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"[A]ccording to documents and former prisoners, human rights advocates, defense lawyers and former U.S. officials," Jordan's General Intelligence Department (GID) has provided "a covert way station for CIA prisoners captured in other countries."

Yitzhak, Ronen. "Jordanian Intelligence Under the Rule of King Abdullah I (1921-1951)." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 4 (Winter 2010-2011): 647-662.

Jordan's "first intelligence unit was formed in the Arab Legion ... shortly after the outbreak of World War II in 1939." Jordanian intelligence "became a professional intelligence service in 1950, with the support of the British.... The cooperation that exists today between Jordanian intelligence and the ... services of Western countries is a result of a long-lasting ... legacy which started durung the time of King Abdullah I."

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