OTHER COUNTRIES

Iran

2010s

Crist, David. The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran. New York: Penguin, 2012.

Sadjadpour, NYT, 30 Jul. 2012, says that the author's "painstakingly researched and elegantly written account of the United States-Iran cold war.". The book "stands out for its focus on the troubled relationship's military context." Nevertheless, "Crist's chapter on George W. Bush's presidency lacks some of the nuance of previous chapters. And he sometimes makes peculiar assertions about Iranian domestic politics." For Peake, Studies 57.1 (Mar. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring-Summer 2013), the author "provides a fine account of US Iranian relations since 1979."

Davies, Philip H. J., and Kristian C. Gustafson, eds. Intelligence Elsewhere: Spies and Espionage Outside the Anglosphere. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2013.

Heard, Studies 59.1 (Mar. 2015), calls this work "a remarkably ambitious, edited collection of essays on the intelligence activities and organizations of a dozen countries or regions of the world." The book is divided into two sections. "The first contains four studies of what might be called the 'deep history' of intelligence in ancient China, India, the Byzantine Empire..., and the Islamic world. The book's second section has chapters on contemporary intelligence issues in Pakistan, Iran, Indonesia, Japan, Ghana, Argentina, Sweden, and Finland."

Kahlili, Reza [Pseud.] A Time to Betray: The Astonishing Double Life of a CIA Agent Inside the Revolutionary Guards of Iran. New York: Threshold Editions, 2010.

According to Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), the author grew up in Iran, attended USC in the 1970s, returned to Iran and joined the Revolutionary Guards after the Shah's fall, became disillusioned by the nature of the new regime, and fled Iran for the United States. Recruited by the CIA, he returned to Iran and became an agent in place until he again fled in the 1990s.

Medhora, Shalailah. "Australia and Iran Agree to Sharing of Intelligence in Battle against ISIS in Iraq." The Guardian, 19 Apr. 2015. [http://www.theguardian.com]

After a meeting with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop has announced an agrement between Australia and Iran "to share intelligence relating to Australians fighting with extremist groups in Iraq.... Around 100 Australians are believed to be fighting for Isis or related groups in Iraq and Syria."

Nakashima, Ellen, and Joby Warrick. "Stuxnet Was Work of U.S. and Israeli Experts, Officials Say." Washington Post, 1 Jun. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to current and former U.S. officials, the Stuxnet computer virus "cyberattack against Iran's nuclear program was the work of U.S. and Israeli experts and proceeded under the secret orders of President Obama.... [T]he classified effort code-named Olympic Games ... was first developed during the George W. Bush administration and was geared toward damaging Iran's nuclear capability gradually while sowing confusion among Iranian scientists about the cause of mishaps at a nuclear plant....

"Olympic Games became a collaborative effort among NSA, the CIA and Israel, current and former officials said.... The CIA and Israelis oversaw the development of plans to gain physical access to the plant. Installing the worm in plant equipment not connected to the Internet depended on spies and unwitting accomplices ... who might connect an infected device to one of the systems, officials said."

See also David E. Sanger, "Obama Order Sped Up Wave of Cyberattacks Against Iran," New York Times, 1 Jun. 2012. This article is adapted from Sanger's Confront and Conceal: Obama's Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power (New York: Crown, 2012).

Warrick, Joby, and Greg Miller. "Iranian Technocrats, Disillusioned with Government, Offer Wealth of Intelligence to U.S." Washington Post, 25 Apr. 2010, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to U.S. officials, "Iran's political turmoil has prompted a growing number of the country's officials to defect or leak information to the West, creating a new flow of intelligence about its secretive nuclear program." A National Intelligence Estimate on Iran's nuclear activities "was due last fall but has been delayed at least twice amid efforts to incorporate information from sources who are still being vetted.... U.S. officials have acknowledged that an Iranian nuclear scientist [Shahram Amiri] defected to the West in June.... But sources said there ha[ve] been ... other recent defections by diplomatic and military officials, some of which have not been made public."

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