OTHER COUNTRIES

Greece

World War II

Auty, Phyllis, and Richard Clogg, eds. British Policy Towards Wartime Resistance in Yugoslavia and Greece. London: Macmillan,1975.

Constantinides: This work consists of the proceedings of a 1973 conference in London, with a majority of SOE participants. "Fascinating new material on British intelligence and resistance operations, capabilities, and relationships emerges from the proceedings."

Beavan, Stanley. Aegean Masquerade: A Royal Air Force Odyssey. Studley, UK: Brewin Books, 1994.

Surveillant 3.6 notes that Aegean Masquerade concerns "RAF wireless operations in the Mediterranean ... and RAF covert operations in Turkey and Greece. It is based on the author's first-hand experiences and RAF service."

Bennett, Ralph

1. Ultra and Mediterranean Strategy. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1989. New York: Morrow, 1989.

Sexton says that this "[c]omprehensive study" of the impact of Ultra on Allied strategy covers the campaigns in Greece, Crete, Iraq, Syria, the Western Desert, North Africa, Sicily and Italy. The work stands "as a model for historians." To Ferris, I&NS 6.2, this "is the best ... book yet written" on Ultra's effect on any aspect of the war. Ultra is presented as "only one of many Allied sources of secret information."

2. "Intelligence and Strategy: Some Observations on the War in the Mediterranean, 1941-1945." Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 2 (Apr. 1990): 444-464.

This is a concise presentation of the main findings of Bennett's Ultra and Mediterranean Strategy (see above).

Gerolymatos, André. Guerrilla Warfare and Espionage in Greece, 1940-1944. New York: Pella, 1992. [pb]

The reviewer in Journal of Modern Greek Studies 14.2 (Oct. 1996), finds that this "book provides what is probably the most detailed account" of covert operations and espionage in the Greek resistance "to be found anywhere, and certainly in English..... It would probably be fair to say that one major purpose of this book is to blame the British for not being properly able to control [the outbreak of civil war in Athens in December 1944] or even to understand the forces that they themselves had unleashed."

Giannaris, John ("Yannis"). Yannis. San Jose, CA: Pilgrimage Press, 1988.

Surveillant 2.2: OSS mission into Greece during World War II.

Goulter-Zervoudakis, Christina. "The Politicization of Intelligence: The British Experience in Greece, 1941-1944." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 165-194.

From "Abstract": Because "a large portion of the intelligence effort had to be devoted to gathering political intelligence,... SOE operatives became embroiled in the internecine struggles between communist based and other resistance groups. Intelligence work was made even more difficult by inter- and intra-departmental rivalries, and tensions among the Allied involved in Greece."

Hammond, Nicholas. Venture into Greece: With the Guerrillas, 1943-44. London: Kimber, 1983.

The author, who died in April 2001, commanded "underground British troops stationed in the Pindus range during the German occupation of Greece" in World War II. Telegraph (London), 5 Apr. 2001.

Judt, Tony, ed. Resistance and Revolution in Mediterranean Europe, 1939-1948. London: Routledge, 1989.

Hunt, I&NS 6.3, notes that the "theme of this scholarly work is the part played by the Communist parties of southern Europe in the resistance to German occupation" in World War II and its immediate aftermath. The book consists of an introduction ("a spectacular piece of writing"), a chapter on the Comintern, and chapters on France, Italy, Yugoslavia, and Greece.

Lind, Lew. The Battle of the Wine Dark Sea: The Aegean Sea Campaign, 1940-45. [Australia]: Kangaroo Press, 1993.

Surveillant 3.6: This is a "concise and analytical account of the unusual war fought in the eastern Mediterranean in WWII to secure the Aegean Sea." It is "exciting and highly readable."

Marinos, Themistocles. Tr., Petros Ladas. Harling Mission--1942: The Gorgopotamos Operation. Athens: Papazisis Publications, 1993.

Surveillant 3.4/5 identifies this book as an "account of the destruction of the Gorgopotamos Bridge in Greece in WWII, one of the key railway bridges, northwest of Athens, used by Rommel to supply troops on the African front." Although this book is about a "single special operation," Potts, FILS 12.6, sees that operation as "one of the most effective and significant of its kind." The book "offers much practical insight into wartime resistance in Greece," and is to be "highly commended" for its "broad and balanced view."

Rendel, A.M. ("Sandy") Appointment in Crete: The Story of a British Agent. London: Allen Wingate, 1953.

Saraphis, Stephanos G. Tr., Marian Pascoe. Greek Resistance Army: The Story of ELAS. London: Birch Books, 1951

Woodhouse, Christopher Montague.

Woodhouse was the commander of the Allied Military Mission to the Greek Resistance in World War II.

1. Apple of Discord: A Survey of Recent Greek Politics in Their International Setting. London: Hutchinson, 1951.

Pforzheimer, Studies 5.2 (Spring 1961), identifies this work as "[a]n authoritative account of Greek resistance against the Germans in World War II."

2. Something Ventured: The Autobiography of C.M. Woodhouse. London: Granada, 1982.

Pforzheimer: This autobiography includes the author's wartime experiences and his post-war intelligence assignments.

3. The Struggle for Greece, 1941-1948. London: Hart-Davis, MacGibbon, 1976.

Pforzheimer: This is an "authoritative account of the Greek Resistance in World War II and the internal postwar civil war which the Resistance helped to spawn."

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