COLLECTION AND USE OF OPEN-SOURCE INTELLIGENCE

From 2010

 

Bean, Hamilton. No More Secrets: Open Source Information and the Reshaping of U.S. Intelligence. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Praeger Secrurity International, 2011.

Aftergood, Secrecy News, 24 Aug. 2011, says this "is an exceptionally stimulating" academic work "that brings the theoretical principles of organization management and communications theory to bear on intelligence policy in original and insightful ways."

For Steele, http://www.phibetaiota.net, 24 Jul. 2011, this "pioneering work ... not only explains the true worth of open source intelligence, but also illuminates the institutional bias against it and the pathologies of a culture of secrecy." He "strongly recommend[s] the book to both professionals and to faculty seeking a provocative book for students." Steele, IJI&C 25.3 (Fall 2012), adds that "this book and its author have integrity."

To Olcott, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012), this book does not "deliver[] on what is promised" in its title. The author "neither examines what 'open source information' might mean in relationship to intelligence, nor does he explain what he means by 'No More Secrets.' ... In the end, this reviewer is left puzzled, though definitely intrigued. Are Bean's long paragraphs and jargon-filled prose simply a product of academic turgidity, or has he contrived to conceal a sly but ultimately quite damning argument about the place of OSINT in the IC?"

Borene, Andrew M. "More than Espionage: Open-source Intelligence Should Be Part of Solution." Washington Times, 27 Jan. 2010. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]

"White House policymakers and Congress can help develop an increasingly robust national intelligence capacity by investing new money in the pursuit of a centralized open-source intelligence (OSINT) infrastructure." The existing Open Source Center (OSC), built around the former Foreign Broadcast Information Service, "is a perfect point from which to create a national OSINT program management enterprise." The OSC "has developed an unclassified, secure Internet portal for the Intelligence Community called OpenSource.gov, which is becoming a one-stop shop for research and dissemination." However, the resouces deployed by the OSC "are not free and are forced to compete with espionage programs in the intelligence budget for funding. New money is needed from Congress to fund greatly enhanced development of OSINT sources and methods."

Hribar, Gasper, Iztok Podbregar, and Teodora Ivanusa. "OSINT: A 'Grey Zone?'" International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 27, no. 3 (Fall 2014): 529-549.

"Even though the tools and knowledge are freely accessible, the major difference between basic and excellent OSINT 'operations' lies in the analytical process. Only experts with good analytical skills and knowledge manage to provide the right information at the right time to their consumers/policymakers."

Leese, Bryan [CDR/USN]. "Mining Social Media for Intel." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 141, no. 8 (Aug. 2015): 82-83.

"It is critical that a further investment in technology and training, articulated through clear OSC guidance and planning that places OSINT equal to other intellgence disciplines, be established to incorporate structured sentiment analysis and ABI [activity-based intelligence] into mid- to long-term warning assessments across the intelligence community."

Leetaru, Kalev. "The INT for Cross-National Academic Research: The Scope of FBIS and BBC Open-Source Media Coverage, 1979-2008." Studies in Intelligence 54, no. 1 (Mar. 2010): 17-37. [https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/volume-54-number-1/PDFs-Vol.-54-No.1/U-%20Studies%2054no1-FBIS-BBC-Coverage-Web.pdf]

The author engages in some old-fashioned quantitative analysis (or, if you prefer, statistical examination) of the world's largest purveyors of open-source intelligence. The examination is limited to the years FBIS (July 1993-July 2004) and the BBC Monitoring Service (January 1979-December 2008) have produced available digital files of their output. As the author states: "The power of OSINT to peer into closed societies, to predict major events and to offer real-time updates cannot be overstated."

Olcott, Anthony. Open Source Intelligence in a Networked World. New York: Continuum, 2012.

Peake, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.3 (Winter-Spring 2013), notes that the author is an alum of FBIS and the Open Source Center. In this work, Olcott begins by reviewing the history of open-source intelligence in the U.S. government, "citing theoretical foundations, bureaucratic battles, and various commission reports." However, most of the book "addresses th[e] multifaceted problem" of the information explosion "and its implications." This "is a thoughtful, well-documented, if at times ponderous treatment of a very practical and important problem."

Richey, Melonie K., and Mathias Binz. "Open Source Collection Methods for Identifying Radical Extremists Using Social Media." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 2 (Summer 2015): 347-364.

Steele, Robert David [multiple items on open source and intelligence reform].

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