COLLECTION AND USE OF OPEN-SOURCE INTELLIGENCE

Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence 31, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 2005): Entire issue. ["Open-Source Intelligence."]

Contents:

1. Barbara G. Fast [MGEN/USA], "Always Out Front: Open Source Intelligence," 2, 4.

The Commanding General, U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca, writes that the USAIC&FH, "with the encouragement and support of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, is creating a new Army intelligence discipline called Open Source Intelligence (OSINT). This new discipline recognizes the importance of public information; the need for a systematic approach to its collection, processing, and analysis; and its value in multidiscipline intelligence operations."

2. Craig Manley, "Managing Army Open Source Activities," 10-11.

Discusses the establishment of the Defense Open Source Council (DOSC) and the interim Field Manual for OS intelligence, "FMI 2-22.9, Open Source Intelligence." The manual "will be the first Service level text on the subject and will set a standard for doctrinal and training improvement efforts within the DOD."

3. Michael C. Taylor, "Doctrine Corner: Open Source Intelligence Doctrine," 12-14.

"This article presents the fundamentals of OSINT operations found in th[e] emerging intelligence doctrine" provided in FMI 2-22.9.

4. Douglas Peak, "DOD and the DNI Open Source Center -- Building the Partnership," 15-17.

Defense "components represent the largest segment" of the DNI OSC's "customer base, and many of its organizations have long-standing relationships with the Center and its predecessor, the Foreign Broadcast Information Service.... Strengthening and expanding those partnerships and the level of collaboration is a keystone of the Center’s strategic objectives. The partnership with the nine Combatant Commands ... is especially important because of their broad and direct role" in the war on terrorism "and because of the many significant OS activities resident in some of the commands."

5. Douglas Peak, "The Open Source Academy Helps the Intelligence Community Make the Most of Open Sources," 18.

The OSC's Open Source Academy "has won recognition as a leading provider of OS tradecraft training in the Intelligence Community (IC) since its establishment in 2003. Intelligence consumers are placing a greater value on open source intelligence (OSINT), prompting OS specialists from the IC, policy and military communities, and other federal government organizations to take advantage of OSA courses to build their OS skills."

6. Donald L. Madill, "Producing Intelligence from Open Sources," 19-26.

"[O]pen source information, properly analyzed, can be both a valuable and a cost-effective part of intelligence production. It is the job of intelligence professionals to exploit this goldmine of information, extract the useful nuggets with potential intelligence value, and refine them into finished intelligence products."

7. David A. Reese, "50 Years of Excellence: ASD Forges Ahead as the Army’s Premier OSINT Unit in the Pacific," 27-29.

Background on the Army's Asian Studies Detachment (ASD), located on Camp Zama about 25 miles west of Tokyo. "ASD is an element of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command’s (INSCOM) 500th Military Intelligence Brigade.... The unit exists primarily to support the tactical intelligence needs of U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC), but its products serve all military services, joint commands, DOD intelligence agencies, and other non-DOD customers as well."

8. Vee Herrington, "Open Source Information and the Military Intelligence Library," 30-39.

"This article shows how a new vision and model of library services transformed an under-used and under-funded library into a dynamic intelligence research center focusing on open source (OS) information and value-added services. The U.S. Army Military Intelligence (MI) Library 2 at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, illustrates the application of this model."

9. Joel J. Jeffson [LTCOL/USA], "Creating An Open Source Capability," 40-44.

"The purpose of this article is to provide a roadmap for organizations considering establishing a formal OS capability to collect and process the information, beyond simply having individual analysts do their own research along with the rest of their duties. Developing this capability does not necessarily require creating a separate section, although that certainly helps."

10. Jacob W. Kipp, "FMSO-JRIC and Open Source Intelligence: Speaking Prose in a World of Verse," 45-50.

The Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) is a small organization at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas It belongs to the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), and "has been producing unclassified intelligence since its founding" as the Soviet Army Studies Office (SASO) during the Cold War. It also manages the Intelligence Community's World Basic Information Library (WBIL).

11. Karl Prinslow, "The World Basic Information Library Program," 51-53.

The World Basic Information Library (WBIL) Program "was conceived in 1996 by Mr. Ed Waller then of the IC Open Source Program Office (COSPO) which developed and proved the concept, and then asked the Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) to manage the personnel, production, and telecommunications architecture."

12. Laura A. Levesque [CAPT/USA], "Intelligence Support to Information Operations: Open Source Intelligence Operations at the Division Level," 55-57.

A "requirement emerged for a separate Open Source Intelligence ... analysis cell that would be dedicated to collection and analysis of all OS media. The newly identified requirement ... was to support indications and warnings" and to "assess the intention of insurgents; host nation political environment, coalition political environment."

13. Carol J. Koeing, "Non-Governmental and Inter-Governmental Organizations," 58-60.

"Using NGOs and IGOs to obtain open source information involves consideration of the vast diversity of these organizations and careful evaluation of the information obtained."

14. Sally S. Sanford and Ann K. Miller, "Open Source -- It’s Everywhere, Even on Intelink," 61-63.

"The Intelligence Community’s (IC) Intelink systems, on the Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS) and Secure Internet Protocol Router Network (SIPRNET), contain a wide variety of the open source information."

15. Kathleen Egan, "The National Virtual Translation Center, 64-66.

"The National Virtual Translation Center (NVTC) is a government interagency entity established by congressional mandate to provide timely and accurate translation of foreign intelligence for all elements of the Intelligence Community (IC). Our mission is not to replace, but rather to augment and supplement the foreign language capabilities present in all elements of the IC and the military."

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