H - Z

Handel, Michael I., ed.

1. "Special Issue on 'Intelligence and Military Operations.'" Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 2 (Apr. 1990): entire issue.

Includes Handel's lengthy and useful lead essay relating intelligence activities to the waging of war in theory and practice; two articles on the U.S. Civil War; two articles on World War I; and seven articles on World War II.

2. Intelligence and Military Operations. London: Frank Cass, 1990.

This book was first published as a special issue of the journal Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 2 (Apr. 1990) (see above).

Herman, Michael. "Intelligence and the Assessment of Military Capabilities: Reasonable Sufficiency or the Worst Case?" Intelligence and National Security 4, no. 4 (Oct. 1989): 765-799.

The author argues that military intelligence, the greatest importance of which is in the area of net assessments, is undervalued in the Western intelligence community. He suggests that both the stature and professionalism of military intelligence needs to be raised.

Hittle, J.D. Military Staff: Its History and Development. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1961.

Hopple, Gerald W., and Bruce W. Watson, eds. The Military Intelligence Community. Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1986.

Petersen sees this as "a useful collection of articles on organization and functions." Gordon, IJI&C 1.2, disagrees: "[T]he reader is asked to pay $29.50 for a poorly edited, meandering paperback of 300 pages that provides neither new insight, revelation, nor controversy." This is a "collection of eighteen articles.... Some are very good [Part IV & articles by Christianson, Beitler, Goldman, & Holman], but as many are inadequate.... Tactical intelligence is barely mentioned throughout the text.... This book won't earn a place on the professional's bookshelf."

Horgan, Penelope S. Signals Intelligence Support to U.S. Military Commanders: Past and Present. Carlisle Barracks, PA: U.S. Army War College, 1991.

According to Sexton, the focus here is largely on World War II.

Keegan, John. Intelligence in War: Knowledge of the Enemy from Napoleon to al-Qaeda. New York: Knopf, 2003.

Click for reviews.

Kirkpatrick, Lyman B., Jr. "Combat Intelligence: A Comparative Evaluation." Studies in Intelligence 5, no. 4 (Fall 1960): 45-51.

A report analyzing "G-2 operations at army, corps and division level throughout the 12th Army Group command" in the wake of World War II addressed "what methods of intelligence collection had proved most valuable in combat." The top five in order of importance were: Prisoners of war, air reconnaissance, Sigint, documents, and agents.

Lanning, Michael Lee [LTCOL (Ret.)]. Senseless Secrets: The Failures of U.S. Military Intelligence from George Washington to the Present. Emeryville, CA: Carroll & Graf, 1995. New York: Birch Lane Press, 1996.

Chambers sees this a "bilious, inaccurate and sloppy critique of US intelligence. I think it's the worst thing I've read since Rusbridger's Intelligence Game." According to Surveillant 4.4/5, Lanning "calls for a reevaluation, reorganization and revitalization of the military intelligence community, including a major re-org of the military services."

Meason, James E. "Military Intelligence and the American Citizen." Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 12, no. 2 (1989): 541-567.

Petersen says that "Meason ... provides a perceptive, well-documented, and concise survey of the history and functions of defense intelligence."

Neilson, Keith, and B.J.C. McKercher, eds. Go Spy the Land: Military Intelligence in History. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992.

According to Surveillant 2.6, this volume is a "collection of talks given at the Sixteenth Military History Symposium at the Royal Military College of Canada held in 1990." The articles cover from Roman to modern times.

Stewart, John F.  "Intelligence Strategy for the 21st Century."  Military Review, Sep.-Oct. 1995, 75-81.

Sweeney, Walter C. Military Intelligence: A New Weapon in War. New York: Stokes, 1924. [Petersen]

Townsend, Elias Carter [MAJGEN/USA (Ret.)]. Risks: The Key to Combat Intelligence. Harrisburg, PA: Military Services Publishing Co., 1955.

Wagner, Arthur L. The Service of Security and Information. Kansas City, MO: Hudson-Kimberly, 1893. 3d ed., 1896. 9th ed., 1903. 14th ed. Kansas City, MO: Franklin Hudson, n.d.

Petersen calls this the "first American book on tactical intelligence." According to Constantinides, this multi-edition work by the head of the War Department's Bureau of Military Intelligence was primarily a "tactical military manual covering such military practices and methods as reconnaissance, patrols, and advance and rear guards." He treats intelligence as an arm of military operations.

See "Arthur L. Wagner: The Man Who Wrote the Book on Intelligence" at the Huachuca History Program under "Masters of the Intelligence Art":

Walsh, Michael L. "OPSEC in History." Military History 7, no. 1 (1981): 6-11.

This article reviews operational security activities and concepts from the American Revolution to the late 1970s.

Wood, Chester C. "The Flow of Strategic Intelligence." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 59 (Sep. 1933): 1296-1304.

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