Organization and Management Issues

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Andregg, Charles H. The Management of Defense Intelligence. Washington, DC: Industrial College of the Armed Forces, 1968. [Petersen]

Armed Forces Management. Editors. "C&C Intelligence: Automation Aids Intelligence Flow." 8, no. 10 (1962): 64-69. [Petersen]

Armed Forces Management. Editors. "Intelligence: The Lagging Function." 16 (May 1970): 41. [Petersen]

Copley, Gregory R. "Forging the Shield: Intelligence Management in the Developing World." Defense and Foreign Affairs 15 (Dec. 1987): 14-21.

Dunham, Alton. "Leading a Diverse Workforce into the 21st Century." Defense Intelligence Journal 7, no. 1 (1998): 89-105.

Elkins, Dan [LCDR/USNR].

1. "The Critical Role of the Resource Manager in the US Intelligence Community." Defense Intelligence Journal 1, no. 2 (Fall 1992): 205-221.

See "Follow-Up Article: Intelligence Resource Management," Defense Intelligence Journal 2, no. 1 (Spring 1993), 93-95.

2. Financial Management of Intelligence Resources: A Primer. Washington, DC: Defense Intelligence College, 1992.

3. An Intelligence Resource Manager's Guide. Washington, DC: Joint Military Intelligence Training Center, Defense Intelligence Agency, 1997.

Frank, Forrest. "JIOC and Beyond: An NMIA Interview with LTG Michael Maples, USA." American Intelligence Journal 25, no. 1 (Summer 2007): 71-74.

This interview with the DIA Director took place in September 2006. The "subject was the emergence and development of the Joint Intelligence Operations Centers (JIOCs)."

Green, Gerald. "Major Reorganization of DOD's C3I Office Impacts DARO, Information and Space Systems." Journal of Electronic Defense, Jun. 1998, 16.

See also, NMIA ZGram, "DoD Announces Reorganization of C3I Office (DoD, 13 May 1998)," 14 May 1998.

Hermann, Robert J. "Advancing Technology: Collateral Effects on Intelligence." American Intelligence Journal 15, no. 2 (Autumn-Winter 1994): 8-11.

Hermann describes what he calls "a very important new management challenge: the integration of the use of ... 'national' systems into the real-time operation of combat forces.... This management challenge ... is fundamentally a military force configuration issue. The objective is to create a force configuration which can access, assimilate and exploit real-time information."

The author also argues that "the information we need [today] is not dominated by what we have come to call 'intelligence'.... For the new problems, we need information, not just 'intelligence'.... This does not mean that intelligence from denied sources will not be needed or valuable.... A full understanding of any problem will need the addition of intelligence, but it will often not be the dominant source. The most powerful information combination will be the effective exploitation of open source information coupled with intelligence obtained from special sources and methods."

Clark comment: This was an early salvo in Washington's "intelligence wars," that is, a subtle and low-keyed representative of the arguments to come from within the military segment of the intelligence community which seek to undermine the need for a national-level intelligence coordination capability.

Hopple, Gerald W., and Bruce W. Watson, eds. The Military Intelligence Community. Boulder, CO.: Westview, 1986.

Hurwitz, Martin. "Perspectives for the 1990s." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 3 (1990): 5-8.

Jajko, Walter. The Future of Defense Intelligence. Working Group on Intelligence Reform. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1993.

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