U.S. Naval Intelligence

Special Operations

L - Z

The U.S. Naval Special Warfare Command has a Website at

Luttrell, Marcus, with Patrick Robinson. Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10. New York: Little, Brown, 2007.

According to Longino, Proceedings 134.5 (May 2008), this is the harrowing story of a special operation "mission that went awry." The author was the sole survivor of a four-man SEAL Team deployed into northeastern Afghanistan in June 2005. See Sean D. Naylor, "Surviving SEAL Tells Story of Deadly Mission," Navy Times, 16 Jun. 2007.

Marchinko. Richard. Rogue Warrior. New York: Pocket Books, 1992. [pb]

Training and exploits of U.S. Navy SEALS.

O'Donnell, Patrick K. First SEALs: The Untold Story of the Forging of America's Most Elite Unit. Boston: DaCapo, 2014.

Mattingly, Proceedings 141.6 (Jun. 2015), finds that the author "tells[s] of the successes and the contribution that OSS MU [Maritime Unit], Navy underwater demolition teams, and naval combat demolition unit operators made to defeat the Axis powers. He also candidly discusses their failures." O'Donnell "provides the reader with the history of the inception of Navy special operations."

O'Rourke, Ronald. Navy Irregular Warfare and Counterterrorism Operations: Background and Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 15 Mar. 2013. Available at:

From "Summary": "The Navy for several years has carried out a variety of irregular warfare (IW) and counterterrorism (CT) activities. Among the most readily visible of the Navy's recent IW operations have been those carried out by Navy sailors serving ashore in Afghanistan and Iraq. Many of the Navy’s contributions to IW operations ... are made by Navy individual augmentees (IAs) -- individual Navy sailors assigned to various DOD operations.... The Navy's IW and CT activities pose a number of potential oversight issues for Congress, including the definition of Navy IW activities and how much emphasis to place on IW and CT activities in future Navy budgets."

Polmar, Norman. "The ASDS Is Sailing Rough Seas." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132, no. 1 (Jan. 2006): 88-89.

On 30 November 2005, U.S. Special Operations Command announced that it was cancelling "plans to acquire a fleet" of the Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS) submersibles. The sole ASDS, delivered to the Navy in 2003, has been plagued with troubles throughout its trials. At present, "there is no schedule for the construction of additional submersibles."

Schultz, Fred L. "MarSOC: Just Call Them Marines." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 132, no. 1 (Jan. 2006): 48-50.

Interview with Brig Gen. Dennis J. Hejlik, USMC, commanding general of the Marine Corps Special Operations Command (MarSOC), newly established as part of U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM). The unit is being organized with an estimated 2,500 members in a regiment with two special operations battalions. A total of nine special operations companies will be split four on the east coast and five on the west coast.

Volpe, Kevin [LTCDR/USN] "Staying on Station." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 135, no. 2 (Feb. 2009): 42-47.

"The limited, remote, and protracted nature of IW [irregular warfare] requires continuous and persistent reconnaissance, mobility, and fire support for dispersed ground forces, a capability that aircraft carriers cannot currently provide."

Von Hassell, Agostino. Strike Force: U.S. Marine Corps Special Operations. Charlottesville, VA: Howell Press, 1991. 1992. [pb] Staplehurst, UK: Spellmount, 1999.

Walsh, Michael J. [LTCOM/USN (Ret.)], and Greg Walker. Seal! From Vietnam's Phoenix Program to Central America's Drug Wars: Twenty-Six Years with a Special Operations Warrior. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. New York: Pocket, 1995. [pb]

From back cover: "This is the extraordinary story of Lt. Cmdr. Michael J. Walsh, a veteran of twenty-six years of combat with the Navy's ... SEALs." Merrill,, notes that Walsh served five tours in Vietnam and "in several other countries, including Panama, Bolivia, Ecuador, Grenada and Lebanon. His duties in these countries involved training, intelligence, surveillance and some combat operations in Panama and Grenada."

Winters, Edward G. [RADM/USN] "Adapting Across the Spectrum of Conflict: The Role of Naval Special Warfare." Joint Forces Quarterly 56 (1st Quarter 2010): 76-79.

The author is Commander, U.S. Naval Special Warfare Command. "The U.S. Naval Special Warfare (NSW) Command ... has changed to move faster and more precisely against th[e] new enemy. There are no longer operations and intelligence; instead, we face 'intelligence-operations' or 'operations-intelligence.' Additionally, there is no single organization that can defeat this enemy; it requires joint intelligence operations at a level that surpasses anything we have done previously."

Worthington, George [RADM/USN (Ret.)].

1."Naval Special Warfare Needs a Ship." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 137, no. 6 (Jun. 2011): 10.

"[B]lue-water ships ... are not outfitted to support U.S. special operations forces (SOF)." In addition, "amphibious ships are earmarked full time for Marine embarkation and [are] not available to SEALs.... SEALs and Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen (SWCC) need dedicated open-ocean ships." The littoral combat ship (LCS) "is not the answer to littoral operations involving SOF.... Refurbishing Newport-class tank landing ships might work."

2. "Whither Naval Special Warfare?" U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122, no. 1 (Jan. 1996): 61-63.

"After more than a decade of revitalization, how will [special operations forces] be employed?" Worthington expresses particular concern that past SOF experience will be standardized into rigid doctrine, while it is unconventionality that is really the point of SOFs.

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