Defense Intelligence Journal

Defense Intelligence Journal. "Imagery Intelligence (IMINT)." 8, no. 1 (Summer 1999): Entire issue.


1. A. Denis Clift, "President's Column," 1-2.

2. William H. J. Manthorpe, Jr., "From the Editor," 3-6.

3. Keith R. Hall [Director/NRO and Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space], "The National Reconnaissance Office: Revolutionizing Global Reconnaissance," 7-13.

"The NRO's future will be determined by how well we position this organization in the nation's overall air and ground data collection structure, and how well we adapt to our new role as a global information provider."

4. James C. King [LTGEN/USA, D/NIMA], "Delivering On-Time Information Superiority," 14-23.

Fulfilling the U.S. Imagery and Geospatial Information System (USIGS) Modernization Plan "requires significant investment to meet the challenges of the information age."

5. Christopher P. Haakon, "Commercial Space Imagery for National Defense," 24-32.

"Soon, commercial satellites will deliver great volumes of high quality imagery at incrementally decreasing prices." To keep its existing edge, the U.S. Intelligence Community "should continually invest in the latest technology -- especially unique or experimental programs, because these are harder for opposition forces to replicate -- exploiting the best technology for handling gigantic data masses."

6. S. Danny Rajan, Alan T. Chien, and Bernard V. Brower, "Advanced Commercial Imagery Compression for Future Systems," 33-53.

"Implementing an end-to-end -- any collector to any user -- system as part of future imagery architectures will require significant improvements in the way that imagery is disseminated, exploited, and archived. A key enabling technology ... is image compression."

7. Robert A. McDonald, "NRO's Satellite Imaging Reconnaissance: Moving from Cold War Threat to Post-Cold War Challenges," 55-91.

"The post-Cold War era demands that the NRO operate in a world where there are multi-faceted requirements for uninterrupted global imaging reconnaissance of diffuse transnational threats. To accomplish this, the NRO is faced with a dual management challenge: first, to recapitalize its existing capabilities for continued operation in today's threat environment, and second, to plan for and develop innovative solutions to respond to ill-defined threats in a more open world. And the NRO must accomplish these tasks in ways that are responsive to growing fiscal constraints."

8. Mark G. Marshall, "Intelligence," 93-119.

There are "organizational, technical and professional problems" associated with a failure to understand the nature of IMINT and a "consequent failure to recognize the differences between IMINT and MASINT....

"With the disassembly of the NPIC and DIA's Directorate for Imagery Exploitation, there is no longer a shelter for image talent in the Intelligence Community. Scientists and engineers have talked and counted their way into control over a discipline that they do not fully appreciate.... After a decent interval has passed, the Community may openly regret having given cartographic engineers influence over the craft of seeing."

9. Steven M. Hanson, "Results of an Experiment Comparing the Spatial Ability of Imagery Analysts and Non-Imagery Analysts," 120-134.

The experiment used "the Minnesota Spatial Relations Test (MSRT) to compare the visuospatial ability of imagery analysts to a control group.... The MSRT demonstrates that imagery analyst spatial accuracy is much higher than that of non-imagery analysts.... [T]his study does not address the reasons for this enhanced performance."

10. A. Denis Clift, "FA34 + MSSI 2000 = JV 2010," 135-144.

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