H - Z

Hall, Mary T. [LCDR/USN]. "False Colors and Dummy Ships: The Use of Ruse in Naval Warfare." Naval War College Review 42 (Summer 1989): 52-62. [Seymour]

Handel, Michael I. Military Deception in Peace and War. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1985. [Petersen]

Hartcup, Guy. Camouflage: A History of Concealment and Deception in War. Newton Abbot, UK: David & Charles, 1979.

Haveles, Paul A. "Deception Operations in Reforger 88." Military Review 70 (Aug. 1990): 35-41. [Seymour]

Kochba, Moshe Bar [MAJGEN/IDF]. "Deception: The Predisposed Lie." IDF Journal 21 (Fall 1990): 12-17. [Seymour]

Latimer, Jon. Deception in War. London: John Murray, 2001.

LeHockey, John D.

1. "Are We Deceiving Anyone?" U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 115 (Sep. 1989): 53-56. [Seymour]

2. "Silence: Golden for Us -- Deadly for Them." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 115 (Nov. 1988): 73-77. [Seymour]

3. Strategic and Operational Military Deception: U.S. Marines and the Next Twenty Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Marine Corps, 1990. [Seymour]

Lloyd, Mark. The Art of Military Deception. London: Leo Cooper, 1997.

Merkel, James F. "Deceptive Maneuver." Armor 98 (Sep.-Oct. 1988): 18-22. [Seymour]

Parker, Robert R. "Deception: The Missing Tool." Marine Corps Gazette 76 (May 1992): 97-101. [Seymour]

Peed, George L. "Voices in the Sand: Deception Operations at the NTC (National Training Center)." Armor 97 (Sep.-Oct. 1988): 26-31. [Seymour]

Perlmutter, Amos, and John Gooch. Military Deception and Strategic Surprise. London: Cass, 1982.

The items included here first appeared in vol. 5, no. 1 (1982) of the Journal of Strategic Studies.

Rossa, Paul J. "The Denial and Deception Challenge to Intelligence." In Strategic Denial and Deception: The Twenty-First Century Challenge, eds. Roy Godson and James J. Wirtz, 223-228. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2002.

Savoie, Thomas A.

1. "Are We Deceiving Ourselves?" Military Review 67 (Mar. 1987): 37-45. [Seymour]

2. "Deception at the Operational Level of War." Army 37 (Apr. 1987): 30-33. [Seymour]

Seymour, Janet L., comp. Deception in Warfare. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University, 1996. []

This Web-based bibliography includes materials by type of publication (Books, Documents, and Periodicals) under the following topics: General Information; Operational Deception; Tactical Deception (General, Camouflage, Decoys, Electronic Deception; and Stealth Concept); Historical Examples (World War I, World War II, Ultra/Enigma and Magic/Purple, Vietnamese Conflict, Persian Gulf War [Desert Storm]; Other Conflicts [Miscellaneous]); and Soviet/Russian Deception.

Shanker, Thom, and Eric Schmitt. "Pentagon Weighs Use of Deception in a Broad Arena." New York Times, 13 Dec. 2004. []

"The Pentagon is engaged in bitter, high-level debate over how far it can and should go in managing or manipulating information to influence opinion abroad, senior Defense Department civilians and military officers say. Such missions, if approved, could take the deceptive techniques endorsed for use on the battlefield to confuse an adversary and adopt them for covert propaganda campaigns aimed at neutral and even allied nations."

Townsend, Robert E. "Deception and Irony: Soviet Arms and Arms Control." American Intelligence Journal 14, nos. 2 & 3 (Spring/Summer 1993): 47-53.

"A strong case can be made that for twenty years the Soviet Union was able to encourage in the minds of key US decision makers the spiral model of international relations and denigrate the deterrence model.... Clouseau...will perhaps become the metaphor for US central intelligence during the Cold War."

Trainor, Bernard E. [LTGEN/USMC (Ret.)]. "Deception." Marine Corps Gazatte 70 (Oct. 1986): 57-61. [Seymour]

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Office of Research and Development. Deception Maxims: Fact and Folklore. Washington, DC: January 1981.

Vego, Milan N. "Operational Deception in the Information Age." Joint Forces Quarterly 30 (Spring 2002): 60-66.

"New information technologies and techniques increase rather than reduce opportunities for deception, allowing both attackers and defenders greater choice of methods."

Wahlers, Stuart. "Rumors." Military Intelligence 17 (Jul.-Sep. 1991): 22-27. [Seymour]

Ward, Edward R. "Using Deception Techniques." Infantry 83 (Sep.-Oct. 1993): 35- 36. [Seymour]

Whaley, Barton. Detecting Deception: A Bibliography of Counterdeception Across Time, Cultures, and Disciplines. 2d ed. Washington, DC: Foreign Denial & Deception Committee, National Intelligence Council, Mar. 2006. [CD accompanying Defense Intelligence Journal 15, no. 2 (2006)] Detecting Deception: A Bibliography of Counterdeception Across Time, Cultures, and Disciplines -- Supplement to the Second Edition. Washington, DC: Foreign Denial & Deception Committee, National Intelligence Council, 2007.

Presenting this unique reference tool, Lawrence K. Gershwin, NIO for Science and Technology and Chairman, Foreign Denial and Deception Committee, NIC/ODNI, identifies it as an "impressive and comprehensive bibliography ... on the theory and practice of 'Counterdeception.'" He notes that this work "is more than a mere listing of sources: each entry includes [Whaley's] personal commentary, as well as an overall score for relevance."

From "Preface to the Second Edition": "The First Edition of this work ... listed 2,146 books and articles. This Second Edition ... lists an additional 298 items. Moreover, most of the original items have been revised, mainly by enlarged annotations."

Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), calls this work "a unique, extremely valuable, and often ... surprising contribution to the field.... Whaley's candid, incisive, and robust opinions ... will save the reader considerable time." With regard to the supplement to the second edition, Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), notes that Whaley has added 253 new items and revised 49 others. "This is another valuable contribution from the pre-eminent bibliographer in the field."

Whaley, Barton. STRATAGEM: Deception and Surprise in War. Boston: Artech House, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 51.4 (2007), the author presents the "results of his research in two parts. The first discusses the history, theory, and ethics of stratagem, as well as counterdeception.... Part two contains case-study summaries of 115 instances of surprise in warfare -- 68 strategic, 47 tactical, that formed the basis for his work." Although this work "is well footnoted and each case has its own bibliography, it lacks an index, which complicates its use. Nonetheless, if one is after the basics of the subject, STRATAGEM is a good place to start."

Constantinides refers to a four-volume, unpublished manuscript of the same title by the author, and notes Whaley's "pathbreaking" effort to deal with "a subject of great importance not only in warfare but also to intelligence and national security."

Wilson, G. I. "Deception (in Warfare) Is Not Forgotten." Marine Corps Gazette 76 (Aug. 1992): 46-47. [Seymour]

Return to Deception Table of Contents