Coast Guard

To 2001

The U.S. Coast Guard became a component of the new Department of Homeland Security in 2002.

Included here:

1. Overviews

2. To World War II

3. World War II

4. Post-World War II

1. Overviews

Beard, Tom, ed. The Coast Guard. Westport, CT: Hugh Lauter Levin, 2004.

Webster, Proceedings 131.3 (Mar. 2005), notes that The Coast Guard chronicles "the service's storied 215-year history as a humanitarian and military service." This work does "a masterful job of navigating the diversity of the service's myriad missions."

Bennett, Michael E. [LCDR/USCG]

1. [Part I] "Guardian Spies: The Story of Coast Guard Intelligence in World War II." American Intelligence Journal 27, no. 1 (Fall 2009): 16-22.

This installment takes the Coast Guard from its beginning through the end of Prohibition.

2. [Part II] "Guardian Spies: The Story of Coast Guard Intelligence in World War II." American Intelligence Journal 28, no. 1 (2010): 153-159.

This installment includes the author's thoughts on "the evolution of the Coast Guard, and specifically the Coast Guard Intelligence Program since 9/11."

Ostrom, Thomas P.

1. The United States Coast Guard in World War II: A History of Domestic and Overseas Actions. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2009.

Dolbow, Proceedings 136.2 (Feb. 2010), comments that the author "deserves praise for weaving" multiple "sources into a powerful war story." The reviewer says that he cannot "recommend this book highly enough."

2. The United States Coast Guard and National Defense: A History from World War I to the Present. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2011.

Dolbow, Proceedings 137.12 (Dec. 2011), finds that this work "documents the service's wartime partnership around the globe with its four sister services."

2. To World War II

Bollinger, Ray. "Spies Who Changed History: Mrs. Elizebeth Fr[ie]dman, A Coast Guard Secret Weapon." Naval Intelligence Professional Quarterly 23, no. 3 (Jun. 2007): 26-27, 31.

Detailed from the Treasury Department to the Coast Guard, Mrs. Friedman broke the codes of the "rumrunners" during the Prohibition era. Additional and updated information on the S/V I'm Alone incident is provided in "Boats" [pseud. Ray Bollinger], "Spies who changed History: Boatswains of the Rum War," Naval Intelligence Professional Quarterly 24, no. 1 (Jan. 2008): 51-53.

Brown, Raymond J. "Admiral Billard and the Rumrunners." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 9, no. 4 (October 1993): 9-10.

Ensign, Eric S. [LT/USN] Intelligence in the Rum War at Sea, 1920-1933. Washington, DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, 2001.

Hanyok, I&NS 17.2, notes that Ensign covers "many interesting aspects of the Coast Guard's intelligence effort" in this "well-written history." However, "[d]espite the details, he does not organize them into a coherent whole.... [T]he book never effectively demonstrates how intelligence actually affected the overall efforts to control maritime liquor smuggling." For Anderson, Intelligencer 13.1, this "interesting little study" should have avoided the "use of some current military bureaucratic jargon" such as "force multiplier" and "dominant battlespace knowledge."

To Heitmann, JIH 2.2, the Coast Guard "waged an unrelenting campaign to detect, monitor, apprehend, and support the prosecution of those who smuggled alcohol on the high seas and navigable waterways of the United States." Iintelligence was used "to bridge the capabilities gap between well-organized smugglers and under-resourced law enforcement.... [Ensign's] study ... brings to light the massive, all-source intelligence effort that provided the backbone of Coast Guard operations in the 'Rum War at Sea.'"

3. World War II

4. Post-World War II

Ackerman, Robert K. "Intelligence Assets Boost Coast Guard Performance." Signal, Sep. 1991, 81 ff. []

Haneberg, Bob [CAPT/USCG], Dab Laliberte [LCDR/USCG], and Aaron Danis. "Coast Guard Operational Intelligence in an Evolving World." American Intelligence Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 39-42.

"The Intelligence Coordination Center (ICC) is the Coast Guard's National-level intelligence activity." It produces and disseminates "all-source intelligence with a Coast Guard perspective.... The ICC principally supports the Coast Guard missions of counter-narcotics, migrant interdiction, marine environmental protection, fisheries enforcement, and military defense operations." The creation of the ICC in 1984 saw the Coast Guard resuming "comprehensive" intelligence activities following a hiatus of 50 years since Prohibition (1919-1933). The ICC moved into the National Maritime Intelligence Center at Suitland, MD, in April 1994.

Skorneck, Carolyn. "Conferees Agree Intelligence Spending." Associated Press, 5 Dec. 2001. []

Senate and House conferees agreed on 5 December 2001 "to increase intelligence spending by 8 percent with an emphasis on rebuilding traditional human spy networks and boosting analysis of raw data so it will be useful to America's war against terrorism.... Under the bill, the Coast Guard's intelligence unit would join the nation's intelligence community. That means that when the community determines how to deploy satellites, for example, the Coast Guard 'will be at the table,' able to say it needs coverage of a certain port where suspect goods might be coming in."

Webster, W. Russell [CDR/USCG]. "The Changing of the Guard." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122, no. 8 (Aug. 1996), 40-42.

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