Air Force


See "Benjamin D. Foulois and the Beginnings of Aerial Reconnaissance" at the Huachuca History Program under "Masters of the Intelligence Art":

See also "Major General Benjamin D. Foulois" at:

Air Force Print News. "Air Intelligence Agency to become Air Force ISR Agency." 15 May 2007. []

On 14 May 2007, Air Force officials announced that effective 8 June 2007 the Air Intelligence Agency at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, will be designated the Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency. The new agency will be realigned from the Air Combat Command to "the Air Force deputy chief of staff for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (A2) [Lt. Gen. David A. Deptula] as a field operating agency."

The Air Force ISR Agency's "force structure includes the 70th Intelligence Wing and the Air Force Cryptologic Office at Fort George G. Meade, Md.; the National Air and Space Intelligence Center at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio; and the Air Force Technical Applications Center at Patrick AFB, Fla. The Air Force Information Operations Center at Lackland AFB was reassigned to 8th Air Force [on 1 May 2007] in a parallel transformation to emphasize cyberspace as an Air Force operating domain." Maj. Gen. John C. Koziol is the Air Force ISR Agency commander.

Ashcroft, Bruce. "Air Force Foreign Materiel Exploitation." American Intelligence Journal 15, no. 2 (Autumn/Winter 1994): 79-82.

This article gives a brief history of foreign equipment collection and foreign language document translation, beginning in 1917. Today, this work is done by the National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC) at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, which is the successor organization to the Foreign Technology Division and its predecessors.

Cabell, Charles A., Jr. [BGEN/USAF (Ret.)], ed. A Man of Intelligence: Memoirs of War, Peace, and the CIA. Boulder, CO: Impavide Publications, 1997.

According to Peake, AFIO WIN 42-99 (23 Oct. 1999), these are the memoirs of Gen. Charles Cabell, DDCI 1953-1962, who held a succession of important Army Air Force and Air Force staff and intelligence positions before being named as DDCI under Allen Dulles. Peake notes that Cabell devotes "[m]ore than 100 pages ... to his CIA service, and of particular interest here are his candid comments about the Bay of Pigs operation in which he was directly involved." Cabell's assessment of the reasons for the Bay of Pigs failure is "dispassionate," but he does not mince words either. This book "is a valuable contribution to the history of Air Force intelligence and the early years of the CIA."

Farquhar, John T. A Need to Know: The Role of Air Force Reconnaissance in War Planning, 1945–1953. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2005.

According to May, Air & Space Power Journal 20.1 (Spring 2006), the author "maintains that limitations in US reconnaissance capabilities shaped war planning immediately following World War II. Since the Air Staff was unable to collect sufficient targeting information due to limited strategic reconnaissance, emergency war plans called for dropping atomic bombs on Soviet urban centers." This is "a wonderfully thought-provoking book."

Glines, Carroll V. The Compact History of the United States Air Force. New York: Hawthorne, 1973.

Petersen: "[A]ir intelligence within the broader context of Air Force history."

Grier, Peter. "A Quarter Century of AWACS." Air Force Magazine, Mar. 2002, 42-47.

This is compact look backward and forward on the use of AWACS.

Hagerty, Edward J. The OSI Story: A 50-Year Retrospective. Washington, DC: Air Force Office of Special Investigations, 1997.

Hall, R. Cargill. The Air Force and the National Security Space Program, 1946-1988. Washington, DC: USAF Historical Research Center, 1988.

Hons, Joyce M., Juan R. Jimenez, Gabriell G. Marshall, and Johnny D. Ford. History of the Air Intelligence Agency, 1 January-31 December 1994, Volume I. San Antonio, TX: AIA, 1995. [Richelson, Wizards (2002)]

MacCloskey, Monro. From Gasbags to Spaceships: The Story of the U.S. Air Force. New York: Richards Rosen, 1968.

Petersen says that this work includes "information on air intelligence within the broader context of Air Force history."

Trenear-Harvey, Glenmore S. Historical Dictionary of Air Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2009.

Peake, Studies 53.3 (Sep. 2009) and Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), notes that there are "approximately 500 entries" that cover a wide range of topics." However, "there are no sources for the entries," and readers should "seek further confirmation before relying on any given entry." In addition, there are "a few factual errors in the introduction."

Waters, Andrew W. All the U.S. Air Force Airplanes, 1907-1983. New York: Hippocrene, 1983.

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