2000 - 2004

Materials arranged chronologically.

Chizek, Judy G. Military Transformation: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, 17 Jan 2003. [Available at:]

"DOD’s plans for improving its ISR capabilities raise potential issues for Congress with regard to cost, the balancing of potentially competing efforts to improve the flow of intelligence and the quality of the data, and the support of military leadership."

Ryan, Terry. "Committing to a Future of ISR Supremacy." American Intelligence Journal 21, nos. 1 & 2 (Spring 2002): 7-16.

"Over the past ten years, our nation's ability to conduct global Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) operations has significantly improved." The Intelligence Community and the Department of Defense "have a window of opportunity over the next five years to build capabilities that will ensure the U.S. has unequivocal information superiority over adversaries.... The biggest challenge for DoD and IC will be to properly prioritize investments and walk away now[] from marginal performing systems."

Scarborough, Rowan. "Pentagon Wants Intelligence Czar." Washington Times, 26 Jun. 2002, 1.

Risen, James, and Thom Shanker. "Rumsfeld Moves to Strengthen His Grip on Military Intelligence." New York Times, 3 Aug. 2002, A1.

Pincus, Walter. "Pentagon May Get New Intelligence Chief: Undersecretary Post Wins Hill Support." Washington Post, 19 Aug. 2002, A11. []

"Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld's plan to create a new post, undersecretary of defense for intelligence, picks up a 10-year-old idea that ... now appears on the verge of gaining congressional approval.... Rich Haver,... Rumsfeld's special assistant for intelligence, is the favorite to get the job."

Korb, Lawrence J. "Soldiers Should Not Be Spying." New York Times, 21 Aug. 2002, A17.

Wall, Robert. "Pentagon OKs Restart to Comint Project." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 30 Sep. 2002, 32-33.

A decision to again pursue an airborne comint project has been "made after months of deliberations at the Pentagon.... The predicament started with the cancellation of BAE Systems' low-band subsystem (LBSS) program last year, after the Pentagon determined that the project, which has encountered serious development problems, couldn't be salvaged. But military users insisted they still needed such a capability to upgrade the Air Force's RC-135 Rivet Joint, U-2 and Global Hawk and the Navy's EP-3E, and to equip the Army's future Aerial Common Sensor."

Ackerman, Robert K. "War Brings Intelligence Agency, Military Closer." Signal, Oct. 2002. []

Associate DCI for Military Support at the CIA Lt. Gen. John H. Campbell says that "[i]ntelligence community officials are accelerating efforts to maximize their capabilities supporting military operations.... The community also is working to speed information sharing, dissemination and protection activities as it interoperates more closely with the info-centric force." At the same time, the CIA "is contributing its own assets as an active partner with ground forces in Afghanistan."

Pincus, Walter. "Rumsfeld Move in Pentagon Criticized." Washington Post, 11 Dec. 2002, A16. []

"Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld's decision to create an undersecretary of defense for military intelligence is being criticized by lawmakers and analysts, who say it is aimed at heading off a more fundamental reorganization of the intelligence system and is a potential challenge" to DCI George J. Tenet.

Ackerman, Robert K. "Transforming Military Intelligence." Signal, Jul. 2003. []

"With intelligence playing a steadily increasing role in military operations, the Defense Department is focusing efforts on ensuring that both communities continue to operate synergistically as they rapidly evolve. A key step in this process is the creation of the new position of undersecretary of defense for intelligence (USDI). The first head of this new office [is] Dr. Stephen A. Cambone.... Cambone emphasizes that his office's charge is to assist the secretary in ensuring that the armed forces have the necessary intelligence capabilities. A related responsibility is to ensure that the DCI has the requisite capabilities in the defense agencies that are part of the intelligence community."

Block, Robert, and Gary Fields. "Is Military Creeping into Domestic Spying and Enforcement?" Wall Street Journal, 9 Mar. 2004, B1. []

The article reports instances of "an expanding military role in domestic affairs."

Jehl, Douglas, and Eric Schmitt. "Pentagon Seeks to Expand Role in Intelligence-Collecting." New York Times, 19 Dec. 2004. []

According to DoD officials, a team led by Lt. Gen. William G. Boykin, a deputy under secretary of defense, "is drawing up a plan that would give the military a more prominent role in intelligence-collection operations..., including missions aimed at terrorist groups and those involved in weapons proliferation." The proposal "calls for a major expansion of human intelligence," both within the military services and the DIA, "including more missions aimed at acquiring specific information sought by policy makers. The proposal is the latest chapter in the fierce and long-running rivalry between the Pentagon and the C.I.A. for dominance over intelligence collection."

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