LATIN AMERICA

Other Countries

A - F

Included here:

1. Bolivia

2. Dominican Republic

3. Ecuador

 

1. Bolivia

Kirkland, Robert O. "Colonel Edward Fox and the 1964 Bolivian Coup." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 3 (Fall 2005): 473-482.

The author concludes that "documents and interviews show clearly that neither [U.S. Air Force Attaché Edward] Fox nor the Embassy were involved in the overthrow" of Bolivian President Victor Paz by Gen. René Barrientos in November 1964.

McSherry, J. Patrice.

1. "Operation Condor: Clandestine Inter-American System." Social Justice 26, no. 4 (Winter 1999): 144-175.

This article traces "[a]nti-insurrection collusion among the intelligence services of the 'southern cone' countries of Argentina, Brazil and Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay." Swenson, IJI&C 16.1/127/fn25.

2. Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

From publisher: "Operation Condor was a military network created in the 1970s to eliminate political opponents of Latin American regimes. Its key members were the anticommunist dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil, later joined by Peru and Ecuador, with covert support from the U.S. government." The author draws "on a wealth of testimonies, declassified files, and Latin American primary sources." McSherry "shows how ... Operation Condor hunted down, seized, and executed political opponents across borders."

2. Dominican Republic

Diederich, Bernard. Trujillo: The Death of the Goat. Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.

Palmer, Bruce, Jr. Intervention in the Caribbean: The Dominican Crisis of 1965. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1990.

U.S. Department of State. Office of the Historian. Gen. ed., Edward C. Keefer.  Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1968. Vol. XXXII. Dominican Republic; Cuba; Haiti; Guyana. Eds., Daniel Lawler and Carolyn Yee. [Available at: http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1964-68v32]

From "Overview": "Lyndon B. Johnson made the major foreign policy decisions during his presidency, and the editors sought to document his role as far as possible. In the case of the intervention in the Dominican Republic, Johnson relied heavily upon the recommendations of his key advisers and special envoys... The role of the President and his major foreign policy advisers ... are less pronounced in the other chapters in the volume dealing with Cuba, Haiti, and British Guiana/Guyana."

Yates, Lawreance A. "Mounting an Intervention: The Dominican Republic, 1965." Military Review 69, no. 3 (1989): 50-62.

3. Ecuador

Associated Press. "Ecuador Alleges 'Clear' Signs of CIA Infiltration." 31 Oct. 2008. [http://www.ap.org]

A commission appointed by Ecuadoran President Rafael Correa "has concluded that U.S. intelligence services infiltrated the Andean nation's military and police and supported a cross-border incursion by Colombian troops that killed a top rebel commander."

McSherry, J. Patrice.

1. "Operation Condor: Clandestine Inter-American System." Social Justice 26, no. 4 (Winter 1999): 144-175.

This article traces "[a]nti-insurrection collusion among the intelligence services of the 'southern cone' countries of Argentina, Brazil and Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay." Swenson, IJI&C 16.1/127/fn25.

2. Predatory States: Operation Condor and Covert War in Latin America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005.

From publisher: "Operation Condor was a military network created in the 1970s to eliminate political opponents of Latin American regimes. Its key members were the anticommunist dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Brazil, later joined by Peru and Ecuador, with covert support from the U.S. government." The author draws "on a wealth of testimonies, declassified files, and Latin American primary sources." McSherry "shows how ... Operation Condor hunted down, seized, and executed political opponents across borders."

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