LATIN AMERICA

Guatemala

General

Farah, Douglas. "Papers Show U.S. Role in Guatemalan Abuses." Washington Post, 11 Mar. 1999, A26. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"During the 1960s, the United States was intimately involved in equipping and training Guatemalan security forces that murdered thousands of civilians in the nation's civil war, according to newly declassified U.S. intelligence documents [obtained by the National Security Archive, a private nonprofit group in Washington]. The documents show, moreover, that the CIA retained close ties to the Guatemalan army in the 1980s, when the army and its paramilitary allies were massacring Indian villagers, and that U.S. officials were aware of the killings at the time."

Farah, Douglas. "War Study Censures Military in Guatemala: Panel Blames Army For Most Atrocities." Washington Post, 26 Feb. 1999, A19. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A report by Guatemala's independent Historical Clarification Commission, released on 25 February 1999, "accused the U.S.-backed military ... of responsibility for the vast majority" of the human rights abuses during Guatemala's long-running civil war. "Unlike the government of El Salvador (and the contra rebels in Nicaragua), the Guatemalan army did not receive large-scale aid from Washington; still, the commission found that the 'government of the United States, through various agencies including the CIA, provided direct and indirect support for some state operations.'"

Navarro, Mireya. "Guatemalan Army Waged 'Genocide,' New Report Finds." New York Times, 26 Feb. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The report by Guatemala's independent Historical Clarification Commission "concluded that the United States gave money and training to a Guatemalan military that committed 'acts of genocide' against the Mayan people during ... Guatemala's 36-year civil war.... Although the broad outlines of American support to Guatemala's military have been known, the nine-volume report confirms that the CIA aided Guatemalan military forces." The New York Times, 26 Feb. 1999, also carries excerpts of the statement made by the coordinator of the Historical Clarification Commission.

Streeter, Stephen. Managing Counterrevolution: The United States and Guatemala, 1954-1961. Athens, OH: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 2000.

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