ISRAEL

Reference

Clements, Frank A., comp. The Israeli Secret Services. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, Rutgers University, 1996. Oxford: ABC-CLIO, 1996.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 21.3, this work covers material primarily in the English language but also "incorporates two important primary sources," reports of various judicial commissions and the collection of Hazev intelligence reports on the Arab countries. The book has author, title, and subject indices. Rathmell, I&NS 13.2, notes that this bibliography contains only 219 entries, but they "capture the bulk of the important writing in English on Israel's intelligence services and their activities." The abstracts included are helpful but nonsubstantive. Of course, "much of the best literature on Israeli intelligence is available only in Hebrew."

Kahana, Ephraim. Historical Dictionary of Israeli Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2006.

Aftergood, Secrecy News, 18 May 2006, notes that "[a]ll of the obvious topics are covered, from the capture of fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann to the Jonathan Pollard case, as are other relatively obscure subjects, such as the defense security organization Malmab, and its querulous director Yehiel Horev. The individual subject entries are mostly brief, and do not include sources or references. But the book includes a fine bibliography ... featuring hardcopy and online resources on Israeli intelligence."

For Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), this work "has useful case summaries, but it is incomplete in surprising areas.... On the other hand, there is new information on some cases.... The introduction is a valuable summary of how Israeli intelligence operates, citing missions, failures, oversight, the importance of HUMINT, and a look to the future. Overall this is a valuable reference book."

Kahana, Ephraim, and Muhammad Suwaed. Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2009.

Peake, Studies 53.4 (Dec. 2009) and Intelligencer 54.1 (Winter-Spring 2010), notes that the volume's introduction outlines "the use of intelligence from ancient times until the present.... A good index would have been helpful in locating the many players and organizations.... [N]o sources are cited in the entries, and errors have crept in.... There is an extensive bibliography that includes mostly English sources ... though some Israeli and Arabic citations are included. Overall this is a valuable contribution for those concerned with intelligence in the Middle Eastern countries."

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