ISRAEL

Overviews

K - P

Kahana, Ephraim. "Reorganizing Israel's Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 3 (Fall 2002): 415-428.

Israeli national intelligence estimates are prepared by Aman. However, "Aman is a military unit, and national intelligence estimates, which cover political and economic issues, should not be left to the military alone." Additionally, Aman does not have access to the intelligence estimates drawn up by other groups.

Katz, Samuel M.

1. Guards Without Frontiers: Israel's War Against Terrorism. London: Arms & Armour, 1990.

2. Hunt for the Engineer: How Israeli Agents Tracked the Hamas Master Bomber. Collingdale, PA: Diane, 1999.

This is the story of the hunt by Israeli security forces for Yehiya Ayyash ("the Engineer") and his elimination by an exploding cell phone.

3. Israeli Special Forces. Osceola, WI: Motorbooks, 1993.

4. The Night Raiders: Israel's Naval Commandos at War. New York: Pocket, 1997.

5. Soldier Spies: Israeli Military Intelligence. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1992. 1994. [pb]

Katz, Yaron. "Global Media Influence on the Operational Codes of Israel's Intelligence Services." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 316-334.

"[T]he new role of global media forced the [Israeli] government ... to change the guidelines for media coverage of national security affairs, inlcuding lifting the prohibition on publication of the identities of the heads of the [intelligence] services and details on their operations."

Lanir, Zvi, and Daniel Kahneman. "Speaking to Policymakers: An Experiment in Decision Analysis in Israel in 1975." Studies in Intelligence 50, no. 4 (2006): 11-19.

The authors revisit a study done for Israeli Foreign Minister Yigael Alon in 1975.

Leslau, Ohad. "Israeli Intelligence and the Czech-Egyptian Arms Deal." Intelligence and National Security 27 no. 3 (Jun. 2012): 327-348.

"This article presents the decelopment of intelligence estimations during the year between the announcement of the arms deal and the beginning of the October 1956 Suez War and the difficulties intelligence had in giving a full and substantiated description and analysis of the arms deal."

McAllister, David H. [LT/USN] "Assessing Israeli Intelligence in Action." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 13, no. 4 (Oct. 1997): 1-5.

Meydani, Assaf. "The Interrogation Policy of the Israeli General Security Service: Between Law and Politics." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 21, no. 1 (Spring 2008): 26-39.

A 1999 ruling of the Israeli High Court of Justice "forbids the use of physical pressure in interrogations. Even so, it does not completely rule out the possibility that interrogators might use such methods, and then seek protection from the law under a claim of 'need,' which would absolve them of criminal responsibility if the offenses were committed in order to save lives."

O'Ballance, Edgar. Electronic War in the Middle East, 1968-70. North Haven, CT: Shoe String Press, 1974.

Payne, Ronald. Mossad: Israel's Most Secret Service. London: Corgi, 1991. [pb]

Pedahzur, Ami. The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle against Terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2009.

Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010) and Intelligencer 54.1 (Winter-Spring 2010), finds that the author "has produced an excellent study of the Israeli intelligence services and their battle against terrorism.... Pedahzur provides insightful attention to the organizational battles of the intelligence services." This work "is a well-documented exposition of the problem and what has and has not worked in efforts to resolve it."

On the other hand, Wirtz, IJI&C 23.1 (Spring 2010), focuses on the author's argument that "the vast majority of Israeli counterterrorism efforts have failed to make much impact on the terrorists." Newton, I&NS 26.1 (Feb. 2011), notes that the author offers "a compelling analysis of the Israeli security state and its activities," but "rejects their doctrines in favour of his own conceptual framework." However, "because Pedahzur's focus is upon a critique of tactical operations, he leaves the reader hankering after a more strategic prescription."

Posner, Steve. Israel Undercover: Secret Warfare and Hidden Diplomacy in the Middle East. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

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