Intelligence in the Ancient World

Rose Mary Sheldon

P - Z

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "The Polygraph, Adultery and the Romans or Fluttering in Antiquity." Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene 5, no. 2 (Mar./Apr. 1986): 2.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "A Quirk of Fate." Intelligence Quarterly 3, no. 4 (1988): 6.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "The Roman Secret Service." Intelligence Quarterly 1, no. 2 (Jul. 1985): 7-8.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. Rome's Wars in Parthia: Blood in the Sand. Portland, OR: Vallentine-Mitchell, 2010.

Poteat, Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), says that the author "illuminates with precision and scholarly caution[] the role intelligence, or the lack thereof, played in Rome's three centuries of wars, and indeed its future, with the quasi Parthian empire." For Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), this "extensively documented" and "unique book ... will be of real value to those interested in intelligence and ancient history." However, the author's use of modern terminology introduces concepts that "have a connotation that doesn't fit well with ancient military battles."

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Slaughter in the Forest: German Insurgency and Roman Intelligence Mistakes." Small Wars and Insurgencies 12, no. 3 (Autumn 2001): 1-38.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "The Spartacus Rebellion: A Roman Intelligence Failure?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 1 (Spring 1993): 69-84.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. Spies of the Bible: Espionage in Israel from the Exodus to the Bar Kokhba Revolt. St. Paul, MN: MBI Publishing, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 51.3 (2007), the author "provides the historical detail to understand the circumstances of the times and the intelligence requirements they generated.... [She] concludes that many of the espionage tales of the Bible didn't take place, at least as described. Professor Sheldon provides ample evidence to support her conclusions.... As to the existence of spies in ancient times, Professor Sheldon argues that the documented military battles make their existence a practical necessity, but the best the historian can do with regard to specifics is make 'an educated guess.'"

Denton, IJI&C 21.4 (Winter 2008-2009), notes that this work "bridges two disparate academic communities: Biblical studies and intelligence studies." It is "an excellent overall example of engagingly thorough scholarly writing." The book's "bibliography and index [are] 'exhaustive.'" For Kruh, Cryptologia 33.1 (Jan. 2009), this work "is well written and, while some familiarity with Scripture is necessary to enjoy [it], the reader does not need to be a Biblical scholar, by any means.... Sheldon explains what we need to know as she goes along." This is "an excellent book on the nature of warfare in the ancient world." [Israel/Historical]

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Spies and Mailmen and the Royal Road to Persia." American Intelligence Journal 14, no. 1 (Autumn/Winter 1992/1993): 37-40.

Persia's kings "set up a road network and postal system for the transmission of political and military intelligence."

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Spying in Mesopotamia: The World's Oldest Classified Documents." Studies in Intelligence 33, no. 1 (Spring 1989): 7-12.

Archaeological excavations at Mari, Ebla, and Shubat Enlil in Syria "have produced results of great interest to intelligence historians. Each site produced a royal archive containing thousands of written documents ... [from] around 1800 B.C.... [For example,] Mari's relationships with its neighbors were complex, and much of its diplomatic activity was carried on clandestinely." The author also notes evidence of the importance of intelligence gathering, the classification of documents, the practice of subversion of the enemy, and the use of propaganda.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Taking on Goliath: The Jews Against Rome, AD 66-73." Small Wars and Insurgencies 5, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 1-28.

"The war of liberation fought by the Jews against the Romans in AD 66-73 provides an interesting study on the strengths and weaknesses of guerrilla warfare, terrorism, and insurgency in an ancient Near Eastern context. The war also illustrates the intelligence needs of a small country waging war against a larger occupation force." [Israel/Historical]

Sheldon, Rose Mary. Tinker, Tailor, Caesar, Spy: Espionage in Ancient Rome. Dissertation. Available from University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Tinker, Tailor, Caesar, Spy: Intelligence in Ancient Rome." American Intelligence Journal, Jun. 1986, 3-5.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Toga and Dagger." Washington Post, 16 Jul. 1985, A15. Reprinted in Signal 40, no. 1 (Sep. 1985): 55-57.

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Toga & Dagger: Espionage in Ancient Rome." MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History (Autumn 2000): 28-33. [http://www.historynet.com/mhq/blespionageinancientrome/]

"Ancient Rome is remembered as one of the greatest military powers in history, its fame derived from the fearsome reputation of the empire's legionnaires. Lost in the telling, however, is the important role that espionage played in Rome's ascent to empire."

Sheldon, Rose Mary. "Tradecraft in Ancient Greece." Studies in Intelligence 30, no. 1 (1986): 39-47. International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 2, no. 2 (1988): 189-202 (revised with notes).

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