Historical Material Broadly

Agrell, Wilhelm, and Bo Huldt, eds. Clio Goes Spying: Eight Essays on the History of Intelligence. Lund, Sweden: Scandinavian University Books, 1983.

Blackstock, Paul W. Agents of Deceit: Frauds, Forgeries, and Political Intrigue Among Nations. Chicago: Quadrangle, 1966.

Clark comment: This book is a collection of stories about individual political forgeries, ranging from Peter the Great's Testament to the Cold War. Constantinides gives Blackstock's rejection of the Penkovsky papers high marks (a judgment in itself suspect today, if not in 1983), but finds that his presentation on the Zinoviev Letter "lacks similar analytic quality or evidence."

Grant, Hamil. Spies and Secret Service: The Story of Espionage, Its Main System and Chief Exponents. London: G. Richards, 1915. New York: Frederick A. Stokes, 1915.

Haswell, Jock. Spies and Spymasters: A Concise History of Intelligence. London: Thames & Hudson, 1977.

Constantinides: This is "a good introduction to the subject. Haswell has selected his vignettes well,... and presented everything in a crisp readable style."

Ind, Allison [Col.].

1. A Short History of Espionage: From the Trojan Horse to Cuba. New York: David McKay, 1963.

2. A History of Modern Espionage. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1965.

Expansion of A Short History of Espionage (1963).

Keyes, Harold C. Tales of the Secret Service. Cleveland, OH: Britton-Gardner, 1927.

Wilcox: "Dated but interesting account of spies and spying."

Macrakis, Kristie. "Confessing Secrets: Secret Communication and the Origins of Modern Science." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 12 (Apr. 2010): 183-197.

"Despite their advocacy of open and free communication in science, leaders and luminaries of the Scientific Revolution still believed some things in science and for the state were better kept a secret. They found ways to reconcile secrecy and openness in science and for the state. Further, the intersection of political intrigue and the birth of modern science can account for, in part, the flourishing of secret communication."

Neilson, Keith, and B.J.C. McKercher, eds. Go Spy the Land: Military Intelligence in History. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992.

According to Surveillant 2.6, this volume is a "collection of talks given at the Sixteenth Military History Symposium at the Royal Military College of Canada held in 1990." The articles cover from Roman to modern times.

Rowan, Richard W.

1. The Story of Secret Service. New York: Literary Guild of America, 1937. London: Miles, 1938.

Updated in 1967 as Secret Service: Thirty-Three Centuries of Espionage.

2. And Robert G. Deindorfer. Secret Service: Thirty-Three Centuries of Espionage. New York: Hawthorne, 1967. London: Kimber, 1969.

For Pforzheimer, this is a "comprehensive" but sometimes sketchy history of espionage. It updates Rowan's 1937 book The Story of Secret Service. "Deindorfer's new updating text, commencing at page 578, adds little of value, lacks balance or depth, and can be skipped." For Constantinides, this book is a "great work of scholarship ... that should still be used as a lead-in for the study of intelligence history." The results achieved are "monumental" and the "flaws are small.... The reader is advised to stick to the 1937 edition."

Sherman, William H. "Research Intelligence in Early Modern England." Studies in Intelligence 37, no. 5 (1994): 95-104.

This is an interesting -- if highly speculative -- read, connecting OSS's R&A Branch to Elizabethian England.

Watt, D. Cameron. "Intelligence and the Historian." Diplomatic History 14, no. 2 (Spring 1990): 199-204.

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