P - Z

Polgar, Tom. "The Intelligence Services of West Germany." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence. 1, no. 4 (1986): 79-96.

Richelson, Jeffrey T. Foreign Intelligence Organizations. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1988.

According to NameBase, Richelson "offers organization-chart overviews of the services of several countries, and summaries of some of the current issues. Included [is] ... West Germany (Nazis, Gehlen, BND, BfV)."

Cline, PSQ 104.1: "Given the uneven quality of the information available to him, Richelson has done a skillful job of weaving together a systematic description of the secret intelligence agencies of eight important nations.... This ... publication is a reference tool that, despite its limitations, will be handy on the shelf for any researcher dealing regularly with the arcane world of secret intelligence."

Schmidt-Eenboom, Erich. "The Bundesnachrichtendienst, the Bundeswehr and Sigint in the Cold War and After." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 129-176.

The author traces the development of the BND's Sigint activities from the early days of the Gehlen Organization, through the "massive overhaul" of its infrastructure beginning in 1970, to more recent times of competition between the BND and the Bundeswehr in the Sigint field.

Schroeder, H.-J. "Marshall Plan Propaganda in Austria and Western Germany." In The Marshall Plan in Austria, eds. G. Bischof, A. Pelinka, and D. Stiefel. Contemporary Austrian Studies, Vol 8. New Brunswick and London: Transaction, 2000.

Scott-Smith, Giles. "Confronting Peaceful Co-existence: Psychological Warfare and the Role of Interdoc, 1963-72." Cold War History 7, no. 1 (Feb. 2007): 19-43.

From abstract: The International Information and Documentation Center was founded in 1963 in The Hague, and "was the result of discussions between French, German, and Dutch intelligence services, along with individuals from industry and academia…. Interdoc's central focus was to increase the level of understanding of communist doctrine and practice by stimulating and making available well-researched information on the policies and realities of the Soviet bloc…. Chancellor Brandt's pursuit of Ostpolitik caused a catastrophic withdrawal of German financial support."

Searle, Alaric. "'Vopo'-General Vincenz Müller and Western Intelligence, 1948-54: CIC, the Gehlen Organization and Two Cold War Operations." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 27-50.

Former Wehrmacht Generalleutnant Vincenz Müller returned to the Eastern Zone of Germany from Russia in September 1948 and began "a remarkable career as both soldier and politician." This article looks at two unsuccessful efforts -- one by the U.S. Army's CIC and the other by the Gehlen organization -- to encourage Müller to defect to the West.

Shpiro, Shlomo. "Know Your Enemy: West German-Israeli Intelligence Evaluation of Soviet Weapon Systems." Journal of Intelligence History 4, no. 1 (Summer 2004). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

From abstract: "In the various Middle East wars, Israeli intelligence captured large quantities of the most modern Soviet weapon systems. Close cooperation developed between the Israeli Mossad and the West German BND over testing and evaluation of captured Soviet weapons." This article includes an analysis of the effects of this cooperation "on major German armaments projects.... It also explores German deliveries of former NVA weapon systems to Israel after the German Unification, deliveries which culminated in the seizure of a large shipment in Hamburg and an ensuing political scandal."

Shpiro, Shlomo. "The Media Strategies of Intelligence Services." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 4 (Winter 2001-2002): 485-502.

The author looks at two models of structured intelligence service strategies for dealing with the media: One, the "defensive openness" model, is represented by the German intelligence services; the other, the "controlled exclusion" model, is represented by Israel.

Sorenson, Anne. Stasi og den vesttyske terrorisme [STASI and West German Terrorism]. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2006.

According to Hansen, IJI&C 21.1 (Spring 2008), this work is "based largely on source material from the BStU" and provides "a comprehensive description of the relationship between West German terrorist groups and the GDR's" STASI. The reviewer believes that the book, available only in Danish, is a "very important historical work [that] goes far beyond its original Danish audience."

Stiller, Werner. Tr. and annotated by Jefferson Adams. Beyond the Wall: Memoirs of an East and West German Spy. New York: Brassey's, 1992.

Trimble, Delmege. "The Defections of Dr. John." Studies in Intelligence, Fall 1960, 1-26. Studies in Intelligence: 45th Anniversary Special Edition, Fall 2000, 27-52.

On 20 July 1954, Dr. Otto John, who as president of the Office for the Protection of the Constitution was the German Federal Republic's internal security chief, defected to East Germany. This article tries to get at the answer to "why?"

van der Meulen, Michael. "Cryptology in the Early Bundesrepublik." Cryptologia 20, no. 3 (Jul. 1996): 202-222.

Abstract: "A brief overview of German Intelligence Services and their relation to cryptography is given.... This paper deals with many intelligence services, but the emphasis is on those involved in electronic warfare where cryptography and cryptanalysis are shouded under the foggy cover of Electronic Warfare."

van der Meulen, Michael. "German Air Force Signal Intelligence 1956: A Museum of COMINT and SIGINT." Cryptologia 23, no. 3 (Jul. 1999): 240-256.

Abstract: "A survey of the development of the German Air Force Intelligence organization is given. Included is a description of the first public German Museum of Air Force Signal Intelligence located at the General von Seidel Kaserne (Garrison) at Trier-Euren."

Von Bülow, Mathilde. "Myth or Reality? The Red Hand and French Covert Action in Federal Germany during the Algerian War, 1956-61." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 6 (Dec. 2007): 787 – 820.

From abstract: "This article argues that the attacks on West German territory were executed neither by vigilantes nor by renegade agents. Instead, they were carried out by the French foreign intelligence service SDECE with the full approval of the highest political authorities in Paris.... The article will show that the Red Hand served merely as a cover to detract from the state's resort to such violent and criminal means."

Wieck, Hans-Georg. "The GDR -- As Seen by the Federal German Foreign Intelligence Agency (BND) 1985-1990." Journal of Intelligence History 6, no. 1 (Summer 2006). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

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