Aid, Matthew M. "A Tale of Two Countries. US Intelligence Community Relations with the Dutch and German Intelligence and Security Services, 1945-1950." In Battleground Western Europe: Intelligence Operations in Germany and The Netherlands in the Twentieth Century, eds. Beatrice de Graaf, Ben de Jong, and Wies Platje, 95-122. Amsterdam: Het Spinhuis, 2007.
Aust, Stefan, and Anthea Bell. Baader-Meinhof: The Inside Story of the R.A.F. New York & London: Oxford University Press, 2009.
Biddiscombe, Perry. "Operation Selection Board: The Growth and Suppression of the Neo-Nazi 'Deutsche Revolution' 1945-47." Intelligence and National Security 11, no. 1 (Jan. 1996): 59-77.
"[T]here were a considerable number of Nazi or semi-Nazi underground groups active during the occupation period." This article looks at the groups "characterized by a relatively sophisticated political programme and a cadre of mid- and upper-level figures" from the National Socialism regime. Operation Selection Board was the joint U.S.-British operation against the Deutsche Revolution group, beginning the night of 22-23 February 1947.
Chen, Chern. "The Intelligence Connection: West Germany and Taiwan in the Cold War." Journal of Intelligence History 8, no. 2 (Winter 2008-2009). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]
De Graaff, Bob. "The Stranded Baron and the Upstart at the Crossroads: Wolfgang zu Putlitz and Otto John." Intelligence and National Security 6, no. 4 (Oct. 1991): 669-700.
Because of the absence of footnotes, it is difficult to tell whether this is a carefully constructed series of assumptions, presumptions, and guesses or a factually grounded piece of arcane research. At a minimum, the article is an interesting read about two very active individuals.
Durning, Marvin B. World Turned Upside Down: U. S. Naval Intelligence and the Cold War Struggle for Germany. Dulles, VA: Potomac, 2007.
Rielage, NIPQ 24.3 (Jun. 2008), comments that this work "is less a history than a long, affectionate anecdote." Nonetheless, it "is a charming reminder that naval intelligence was an integral part of both the post-war landscape in Germany and of the efforts that ultimately won the Cold War." To Mengel, NIJ 1.1 (2009), the author "provides enlightening details about the personnel and operations of the Munich station" of Naval Intelligence. "Durning's style is easy to read," but it "occasionally tends toward the melodramtic and at times seems more like a mystery novel than a memoir."
For Anderson, Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), this "book is centered on Durning's short [one year] tour of duty in Munich, and is fattened up by slightly extraneous, though interesting, biographies of his German co-workers and of his commanding officer." Overall, however, the author "provides a well-written glimpse back at events in turmoil of post-war Germany mixed in with the greater turmoil of the early years of the Cold War."
Frills, Thomas Wegener, Kristie Macrakis, and Helmut Müller-Enbergs, eds. East German Foreign Intelligence: Myth, Reality and Controversy. London: Routledge, 2010.
Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010), notes that the authors use the Stasi files that became available after the GDR's collapse to "address two questions: How did the domestic security and foreign intelligence services of Stasi operate and how effective were they? To add perspective, the book also discusses the roles of the West German intelligence service (BND) and Soviet military intelligence service (GRU)." This book "solidly documents what a dedicated and determined intelligence service, free of the constraints of democratic society, can accomplish. As a work of research and analysis, the book is a benchmark for historians and intelligence professionals."
Goldstein, Cora Sol.
1. "The Control of Visual Representation: American Art Policy in Occupied Germany, 1945-1949." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 283-299.
"The post-war development of West German fine arts was the result of both the spontaneous revival of the German art scene, and the implementation of an OMGUS [Office of the Military Government for Germany, US] political agenda targeted at the use of art as a tool for political re-education."
2. Capturing the German Eye: American Visual Propaganda in Occupied Germany. Chicago: University of Chcago Press, 2009.
Dolan, Perspectives on Politcs 9.1 (Mar. 2011), says that "this informative and crisply written book ... analyzes how the Americans, who initially concentrated on photography and film..., gradually extended their efforts to painting and sculpture as they grasped the significance of these fine arts to the cultural consciousness of ordinary, as well as educated, Germans."
Hagen, Louis E. The Secret War for Europe: A Dossier of Espionage. New York: Stein & Day, 1969.
Clark comment: Hagen's coverage is of post-World War II espionage cases in West Germany, in effect substituting that arena for the whole of Europe. Pforzheimer calls this a "well-recommended book." Constantinides also speaks positively about the work, noting specifically that the author "has a knack for conveying the essence and feel of the humint collection cases" he covers. However, "the reader should be wary ... of some accounts of how certain agents were uncovered."
John, Otto. Twice Through the Lines: The Autobiography of Otto John. New York: Harper and Row, 1972.
Otto John died on 26 March 1997. Eric Pace, "Otto John, 88, Bonn Official at Center of Counterspy Mystery," New York Times, 31 Mar. 1997, C17 (N).
Clark comment: There are two aspects to the story of Otto John that bear noting. First is his role in the German resistance movement in World War II; this story takes up about the first half of Twice Through the Lines. The second aspect concerns John's story of his "kidnapping" to East Germany and return to West Germany. Gehlen's contention that John defected is the more usually accepted version. At the time of his disappearance in 1954, John headed West Germany's counter-intelligence service, the Office for the Protection of the Constitution.
For Pforzheimer, "the general effect of the book leaves one unsatisfied as to its soundness." See Delmege Trimble, "The Defections of Dr. John," Studies in Intelligence, Fall 1960, 1-26, or Studies in Intelligence: 45th Anniversary Special Edition, Fall 2000, 27-52, for a discussion of the "why?" question with regard to John's defection.
Johnson, Loch K., and Annette Freyberg. "Ambivalent Bedfellows: German-American Intelligence Relations, 1969-1991." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 10, no. 2 (Summer 1997): 165-179.
This article is very general in nature, but correctly projects that U.S.-German intelligence cooperation is likely to continue into the future despite occasional disagreement on political and economic issues.
Kevorkov, Vyacheslav. Tayniy Kanal [Secret Channel]. Moscow: "Geya," 1997. Keworkow, Wjatcheslaw. Der geheime Kanal: Moskau, der KGB und die Bonner Ostpolitik. Berlin: Rowohlt, 1995.
Gordievsky, I&NS 14.1, notes that this work by a former KGB general focuses on "how the KGB ... set up and maintained throughout the 1970s a secret channel, or back channel, with the West German leaders Willy Brandt and Helmut Schmidt.... The author hides more than he reveals..., does not use documents, avoids concrete detail and sometimes even exact dates. However he sheds some light on murky and hitherto secret important aspects of European politics in the period between 1969 and 1983."
Naylor, Chris. "The Heinz Felfe Case: A Counterintelligence Failure of Dramatic Proportions." Intelligencer 15, no. 3 (Summer-Fall 2007): 61-71.
This is a detailed review of the Felfe case. The author concludes that "as a result of a lack of cooperation between the CIC, GO [Gehlen Organization], and CIA spanning several years, coupled by KGB deception operations, the arrests [of Felfe, Clemens, and Tiebel] came many years later than they should have."
Nielsen, Harald. "The German Analysis and Assessment System." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 4 (Oct. 1995): 54-71.
What was probably the author's original title precedes the article's text; it is a good description of the nature of the article: "The German Intelligence Services, Their History, Their Legal Basis, Their Tasks and Their Means and Methods of Operation."
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