Markus Wolf

Markus Wolf died on 9 November 2006 at the age of 83. See Adam Bernstein, "Markus Wolf, 83, East German Espionage Chief: Spymaster Riddled the West with Agents," Washington Post, 10 Nov. 2006, B6.

Included here:

1. General

2. Post-Unification Trials 

1. General

Colitt, Leslie. Spy Master: The Real-Life Karla, His Moles, and the East German Secret Police. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1995.

Der Spiegel. "Spying Comes In from the Cold War." World Press Review 39, no. 3 (March 1992): 7-12.

De Villemarest, Pierre. Le Coup d'Etat de Markus Wolf: La guerre secrete des deux Allemagnes. Paris: Stock, 1991.

Fischer, Benjamin B. "Markus Wolf and the CIA Mole." Center for the Study of Intelligence Bulletin 10 (Winter 2000): 8-9.

Fischer tells the story of the work of the CIA's penetration agent in East German intelligence (then called the Institute for Economic Research) from 1950 to 1953. When Gotthold Krauss finally defected to the West, he brought with him "a treasure trove of counterintelligence information."

Müller-Enbergs, Helmut. Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit, Teil 2: Anleittungen für die Aebeit mit Argenten, Kundschaftern und Spion in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag, 1998.

According to Childs, I&NS 16.3, this work "deals with the work of the HV A, the GDR's external intelligence service, for most of its existence under the leadership of General Markus Wolf." It is "[b]ased on the Stasi archives as well as a mass of published materials."

Norton-Taylor, Richard. "Spy Chief Dismisses Importance of Britons in Stasi Files." The Guardian, 22 Sep. 1999. [http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk]

In a radio interview with the BBC on 21 September 1999, East Germany's former spymaster Marcus Wolf "said that British students and academics recently named as having allegedly worked for the Stasi ... could not have played an important intelligence role, because he had never heard of them."

Wolf, Markus, with Anne McElvoy. Man Without a Face: The Autobiography of Communism's Greatest Spymaster. New York: Times Books, 1997. Toronto: Random House, 1997.

Click for reviews.

2. Post-Reunification Trials

These materials are arranged chronologically.

Benjamin, Daniel. "A Spymaster Returns Home." Time, 7 Oct. 1991, 35.

Tagliabue, John. "Ex-Spy for East Berlin Ends Exile from Germany." New York Times, 18 Oct. 1991, A4.

Waldrop, Teresa, and Karen Breslau. "The Secrets of a Spymaster." Newsweek, 18 Nov. 1991, 42.

Jones, Tamara, and Tyler Marshall. "Former Cold War Spymaster on Trial." Los Angeles Times, 4 May 1993, A9.

Cowell, Alan. "German Ruling Absolves Spies of Former East." New York Times, 24 May 1995, A1.

Kempe, Frederick. "Now a Free Agent, Master Soviet Spy Tells Rich Tales." Wall Street Journal, 25 May 1995, A1.

Gedye, Robin. "Spymaster Wins Appeal against Treason Sentence." Telegraph (London), 19 Oct. 1995. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

On 18 October 1995, the German federal appeals court "overturned the conviction of Markus Wolf ... on treason and bribery charges and ordered a retrial.... The court based its decision on a Constitutional Court ruling in May which decreed that East German spies could not be convicted on charges connected with work they carried out while on Soviet bloc territory."

Campbell, Kenneth J. "Markus Wolf: One of History's Most Effective Intelligence Chiefs." American Intelligence Journal 29, no. 1 (2011): 148-157.

"This article seeks to explain why Marcus Wolf was such a successful espionage chief.... The first part ... is a review of Wolf's background. The second part considers his achievements."

Cowell, Alan. "East Germany's Spy Chief on Trial in the West Again." New York Times, 8 Jan. 1997, A6.

McElvoy, Anne. "The Wolf Holds His Foes at Bay Again." Telegraph (London), 12 Jan. 1997. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

McElvoy worked with Wolf on his memoirs, Man Without a Face (1997). Here, she gives her impressions of him: "Wolf has phenomenal powers of concentration and recall. He can still remember elaborate spiders' webs of the intelligence connections which he spun across the West. He radiates an air of self-confidence, verging on self-love."

Gimson, Andrew. "Spymaster Wolf Walks Free after Kidnappings." Telegraph (London), 28 May 1997. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

On 27 May 1997, "Marcus Wolf ... was given a two-year suspended jail sentence ... for his part in three kidnappings carried out by his agents" during the Cold War.

See also, Alan Cowell, "East German Ex-Spymaster Found Guilty, But Goes Free," New York Times, 28 May 1997, A8; William Drozdiak, "E. German Spy Master Convicted in Kidnappings, Received Suspended Sentence," Washington Post, 28 Jan. 1997; and Erik Kirschbaum, "Spy Chief Guilty on Cold War Charges," Washington Times, 28 May 1997, A9.

Gimson, Andrew. "Spymaster Jailed for Refusing to Name Agent." Telegraph (London), 17 Jan. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

Marcus Wolf "faces the prospect of six months' detention for declining to tell a court in Frankfurt the real name of an agent, 'Julius,'" who is mentioned in his memoirs.

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