K - O


Knabe, Hubertus.

1. Die unterwanderte Republik Stasi im Westen [The Infiltrated Republic: The Stasi in the West]. Berlin: PropylaenVerlag, 1999.

According to Fischer, CIRA Newsletter 25.1, this work shows how "the Stasi ... thoroughly penetrated West Germany..., recruiting its citizens, subverting its institutions, and shaping its policies." The book constitutes an "impressive, if sometimes tedious, compilation of 'war stories' from the Cold War's trenches."

2. et al. West-Arbeit des MfS: Das Zusammenspiel von «Auflärung» und «Abwehr» [The MfS's Operations in the West: The Interaction of "Intelligence" and "Counterintelligence"] 2d ed. Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag, 1999.

According to Fischer, Studies 46.2 (2002), this work presents "a comprehensive picture of the scope and magnitude of the Stasi's astounding penetration of the West, especially West Germany. Most of the book is devoted to HUMINT," but "[t]he Stasi's technical penetrations [are] even more shocking than its work with clandestine assets."

Koehler, John O. STASI: The Untold Story of the East German Secret Police. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1999. New York: Basic Books, 2000. [pb]

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 6-99 (10 Feb. 1999), recommends this book that "reviews Stasi activities within East and West Germany, ranging from internal repression to international espionage, terrorism, and clandestine operations, extending as far afield as Latin America and Africa." For Bates, NIPQ 15.3, this is a "fine description of a Cold War enemy, made possible by the declassification of a massive amount of material."

To Adams, IJI&C 14.3, this work conveys "some important and first-hand testimony," but "falls well short of the authoritative studies emerging from Germany these past few years." Murphy, I&NS 14.3, would have preferred that Koehler stay closer to the information he received from Col. Rainer Wiegand, a senior MfS counterintelligence officer who defected in 1990, rather than use the less accurate material obtained from other sources.

Fisher, Washington Post, 13 Apr. 1999, says that Koehler's is a "sometimes riveting but choppy and angry survey" of the Stasi. In addition, "there is precious little distinction drawn in this book between well-documented instances of Stasi support for Palestinian terrorism and Sandinista Nicaraguan police, espionage and terror on the one hand, and rank rumor on the other." Overall, the book "reads ... like an ideological tract, replete with feverish language, selective evidence and a political agenda so consuming as to strip some very good investigative work of its impact."

An anonymous reviewer in CIRA Newsletter 23.4 calls this "a 'must' reference volume for one's intelligence library." It is "more operationally detailed" than Childs and Popplewell's The Stasi (1996), but is also "a bit uneven in depth." Additionally, the author "might ... have been ... less coy about his sourcing." Schmitz, CIRA Newsletter 24.4, finds Koehler's book to be "an important source of information on the later period of the life of the MfS" but "very weak in its coverage of the first 20 years of the HVA's existence." In addition, the "book contains some factual errors and what may be proofreading flaws."

Leighton, Marian K. "Strange Bedfellows: The Stasi and the Terrorists." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 27, no. 4 (Winter 2014): 647-665.

Macrakis, Kristie.

1. "The Case of Agent Gorbachev." Intelligencer 12, no. 1 (Summer 2001): 10-19. Reprinted from American Scientist 88 (Nov.-Dec. 2000).

Stasi "Agent Gorbachev" (probably from Wodka Gorbatschow, a Berlin vodka) was West German physicist Hans Rehder who worked at Telefunken and AEG. The author found this prized Stasi agent's file and is using it here as a "window onto the workings of scientific and technical espionage during the Cold War."

2. "Does Effective Espionage Lead to Success in Science and Technology? Lessons from the East German Ministry for State Security." Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 52-77.

The MfS "developed effective general espionage methods for collecting and evaluating scientific material during the Cold War. Unfortunately, East Germany could not always sucessfully integrate the material into its economy or science system."

3. Seduced by Secrets: Inside the Stasi's Spy-Tech World. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Poteat, Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), sees this work as "the result of years of meticulous, scholarly research into the secret Stasi archives recovered by CIA after the Berlin wall came down," as well as "extensive interviews conducted in Germany with former Stasi officials.... The book is assuredly a must for those spy literature aficionados interested in real, as opposed to fictional, spy stories."

After noting instances where the author's "use of English tradecraft terms is inaccurate," Peake. Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008) adds that this work represents "fine scholarship and [is] a valuable and unique contribution to intelligence literature." Legvold, FA 87.6 (Nov.-Dec. 2008), comments that Macrakis' "research ... is prodigious." However, "the detail is somewhat overwhelming and, at times, repetitive. But one comes away ... with a well-tutored sense of the scale and the precise nature of East German ... industrial and military espionage."

Fischer, IJI&C 22.1 (Spring 2009), finds that this work covers both the MfS and the HV A. The author brings to her task "a historian's commitment to in-depth research, a novelist's eye for illuminating detail, and an innate curiosity about the nature, purpose, and methods of intelligence." For Arpin, NWCR 62.2 (Spring 2009), this is an "interesting, if somewhat disjointed" work. The author "conveys a deep understanding of German thought and attitudes, but her lack of knowledge on intelligence matters unfortunately limits her understanding of her chosen topic" and "prevents her from presenting real insights."

Maddrell, Paul.

1. "British Intelligence through the Eyes of the Stasi: What the Stasi's Records Show about the Operations of British Intelligence in Cold War Germany." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (Feb. 2012): 46-74.

"SIS was a successful gatherer of intelligence in the GDR in the late 1940s and for most of the 1950s. Its success greatly declined in the late 1950s and was ended completely by Blake's treason."

2. "The Scientist Who Came in from the Cold: Heinz Barwich's Flight from the GDR." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 4 (Dec. 2005): 608-630.

Based on documents from the GDR Ministry of State Security (MfS), the author concludes that Barwich began spying for the CIA around September 1962 in exchange for assistance in getting his family out of the GDR when he carried out his planned defection. He, then, defected in 1964. Barwich "is the most distinguished scientist to spy for the CIA yet to be revealed." See also, Heinz and Elfriede Barwich, Das Rote Atom (Munich and Bern: Scherz Verlag, 1967).

3. "The Western Secret Services, the East German Ministry of State Security and the Building of the Berlin Wall." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): 829-847.

Although "the Communists' principal motive for closing the sectoral border in Berlin was to stop the flight of refugees..., the border closure was also motivated by security considerations.... [T]he Western secret services did not fail to see what might happen" and, in fact, "made extensive preparations to ensure that their operations could continue in the harder conditions which would ensue."

4. “What We Have Discovered about the Cold War Is What We Already Knew: Julius Mader and the Western Secret Services during the Cold War.” Cold War History 5, no. 2 (May 2005): 235-258.

According to the abstract accompanying this article, the author seems to believe that the books written by Communist propagandist Julius Mader "represent a valuable resource for the historians of today" because much of his information came from East Germany's Ministry of State Security (MfS/Stasi).

Menner, Simon. Top Secret: Images from the Stasi Archives. Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2013.

Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), says these "photographs used in [Stasi] surveillance training classes" provide "an unusual glimpse into the functioning of a dedicated surveillance state."

Müller-Enbergs, Helmut. Inoffizielle Mitarbeiter des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit, Teil 2: Anleittungen für die Aebeit mit Argenten, Kundschaftern und Spion in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag, 1998.

According to Childs, I&NS 16.3, this work "deals with the work of the HV A, the GDR's external intelligence service, for most of its existence under the leadership of General Markus Wolf." It is "[b]ased on the Stasi archives as well as a mass of published materials."

Müller-Enbergs, Helmut. "The Place of Unofficial Employees (IMs) in the GDR's System of Governance." Journal of Intelligence History 8, no. 1 (Summer 2008). []

Naimark, Norman M. "To Know Everything and to Report Everything Worth Knowing": Building the East German Police State, 1945-1949. Working Paper No. 10. Washington, DC: Cold War International History Project, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1992.

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