F - J


Fischer, Ben B.

1. "The Guillaume Affair Revisited: Success or Failure?" Center for the Study of Intelligence Bulletin 8 (Spring 1998): 7-9.

Guillaume's arrest as an East German spy in 1974 had repercussions on both sides of the Iron Curtain, including a very unhappy Brezhnev. "To the end of his life, [East German party boss Erich] Honecker claimed he did not even know about Guillaume.... Even if Honecker did not 'know'..., years later he gave Guillaume a national hero's welcome" when he was released from a West German prison.

2. "Markus Wolf and the CIA Mole." Center for the Study of Intelligence Bulletin 10 (Winter 2000): 8-9.

Fischer tells the story of the work of the CIA's penetration agent in East German intelligence (then called the Institute for Economic Research) from 1950 to 1953. When Gotthold Krauss finally defected to the West, he brought with him "a treasure trove of counterintelligence information."

3. "'One of the Biggest Ears in the World': East German SIGINT Operations." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 11, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 142-153.

"Main Department ... III of the Ministry of State Security (MfS) made a major contribution to [East Germany's] foreign intelligence with its extensive SIGINT operations and should be ranked among the cold war's major technical collection services."

Förster, Günter. Die Juristische Hochschule des Ministerium für Staatsicherheit. Berlin: State Ombudsman for the Documents of the Former East German State Security Service, 1996.

This report calls the MfS School of Law "an academic secret service institution in the form of a 'technical-administrative' university with a very pronounced ideological orientation." Quoted in Adams, IJI&C 13.1/24.

Fricke, Karl Wilhelm. MfS Intern: Macht, Strukturen, Auflösung der DDR-Staatsicherheit. Cologne: Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, 1991.

Cited in Adams, IJI&C 13.1/32/fn. 6.

Frills, Thomas Wegener, Kristie Macrakis, and Helmut Müller-Enbergs, eds. East German Foreign Intelligence: Myth, Reality and Controversy. London: Routledge, 2010.

Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010), notes that the authors use the Stasi files that became available after the GDR's collapse to "address two questions: How did the domestic security and foreign intelligence services of Stasi operate and how effective were they? To add perspective, the book also discusses the roles of the West German intelligence service (BND) and Soviet military intelligence service (GRU)." This book "solidly documents what a dedicated and determined intelligence service, free of the constraints of democratic society, can accomplish. As a work of research and analysis, the book is a benchmark for historians and intelligence professionals."

Funder, Anna. Stasiland. London: Granta, 2003.

According to Peake, Studies 47.4 (2003), the author "portrays life 'beyond the Wall' in vivid terms through the stories she learned from former Stasi officers, Stasi victims, and those going through the Stasi files captured after the collapse of East Germany." This collection of personal accounts is "told in a nimble but somber style.... There are no sources cited." However, "[t]his is a disturbing yet valuable book about ordinary life in an extraordinary authoritarian state."

Gieseke, Jens. Die hauptamtlichen Mitarbeiter des Ministerium für Staatsicherheit. Berlin: State Ombudsman for the Documents of the Former East German State Security Service, 1996. Die hauptamtlichen Mitarbeiter des Ministerium für Staatsicherheit: Personalstruktur und Lebenswelt 1950-1989/90. Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag, 2000.

Cited in Adams, IJI&C 13.1/33/fn. 20, and Strategic Intelligence (2015), 24/fn. 7.

Gill, David, and Ulrich Schröter. Das Ministerium für Staatsicherheit: Anatomie des Mielke-Imperiums. Berlin: Rowohalt, 1991.

Cited in Adams, IJI&C 13.1/34/fn. 24.

Glees, Anthony. The Stasi Files: East Germany's Secret Operations against Britain. London: Free Press, 2003.

Maddrell, I&NS 19.3 (Autumn 2004), comments that "[p]oor judgement and relatively weak material make this an unsatisfactory book." The author "makes excessive use of speculation, presumption and unconvincing reasoning.... [H]e does not identify a single British informant with access" to classified information. In addition, "Glees' willingness to make claims about the [British] Security Service's operations, even though he had no access to its records, goes much too far."

In a response, Glees, I&NS 19.3 (Autumn 2004), argues that the reviewer "completely ignored the witness testimony" in the book. "The material ... may not be complete but that does not make it 'weak.' ... [By] ignoring the witness testimony, Meddrell fails to understand that in fact I rely as much on witness testimony as on the evidence in the files."

Peake, Studies 47.4 (2003), notes that the author "considers only HVA (East German foreign intelligence) operations involving British subjects.... This is not an easy book to read and understand. It is awkwardly organized and its analysis is steadfastly mediocre. There is doubt that the conclusions are supported by the evidence and [there is] no way to check" since Glees' "research is based on Stasi files that are no longer available to public examination."

Glees, Anthony.

1. "The Stasi's UK Operations: Subversion and Espionage, 1973-1989." Journal of Intelligence History 7, no. 1 (Summer 2007): 61-82. []

2. "The Stasi and UK-GDR Relations." In The Other Germany: Perceptions and Influence in British-East German Relations, 1945-1990, eds. Stefan Berger and Norman LaPorte, 75-90 Augsburg: Wissner, 2005.

Grimmer, Reinhard, Werner Irmler, Willi Opitz, and Wolfgang Schwanitz, eds. Die Sicherheit. Zur Abwehrarbeit des MfS. Berlin: Edition Ost im Verlag Neues Berlin, 2002.

According to Wegmann, JIH 2.2, this work is the product of a group of 20 officers who occupied high positions in East Germany's Ministry of State Security (MfS). It "concentrates on subjects of internal national security and intelligence." Die Sicherheit "deserves the unbiased attention of all who take a serious and unprejudiced interest in East Germany's system and ministry of state security and intelligence."

Großmann, Werner. Bonn im Blick: Die DDR-Aufklärung aus der Sicht ihres letzten chefs. Berlin: Das Neue Berlin, 2001.

According to Maddrell, I&NS 18.4, Großmann succeeded Markus Wolf as head of the East German foreign intelligence service (HVA) in 1986. He is "tight-lipped when discussing the HVA's spies and only discusses those whose espionage is already known." Nonetheless, the book "contains much of interest both for historians of intelligence and security and for historians of the DDR."

Henke, Klaus-Dieter, et al., eds. Anatomie der Staatssicherheit: Geschichte - Struktur - Methoden: Die Organizationsstruktur des Ministeriums für Staatssicherheit 1989. [Anatomy of State Security: History - Structure - Methods: The Organizational Structure of the Ministry for State Security] Berlin: Bundesbeauftragte, 1995.

According to Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), this work provides "the organization of the Stasi down to the level of individual desks, with names."

Hilger, Andreas. "Counter-Intelligence Soviet Style: The Activities of Soviet Security Services in East Germany, 1945-1955." Journal of Intelligence History 3, no. 1 (Summer 2003). []

From abstract: "The article outlines underlying ideological traditions and conceptions of the services' activities and describes the complex 'intelligence-reality' in the Soviet zone of occupation with its specific tensions between security interests, Soviet arbitrary, life in the post-war society, and possible resistance."

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