GERMANY

Post-Cold War

2010s

Materials arranged chronologically.

The Local (Berlin). "Intelligence Agency to Probe Own Nazi Past." 14 Jul. 2010. [http://www.thelocal.de]

According to the daily Berliner Zeitung, Germany's domestic intelligence agency, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV), "will appoint an independent scholar to lead a research project to determine what role and how much influence former Nazis had on West German intelligence."

Maddrell, Paul. "The Opening of the State Security Archives of Central and Eastern Europe." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 27, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 1-26.

This article focuses on "the opening of the German and Romanian archives. The process is far advanced in Germany and much less so in Romania."

Paterson, Tony. "Germany to Spy on US for First Time since 1945 after 'Double Agent' Scandal." The Independent (London), 7 Jul. 2014. [http://www.independent.co.uk/]

German Interior Minister Thomas de Maizière says "Chancellor Angela Merkel's government is planning to scrap a no-spy agreement Germany has held with Britain and the United States since 1945 in response to an embarrassing US-German intelligence service scandal." The diplomatic and information-gathering activities of the United States, Britain, and France previously were exempted from Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) surveillance.

Miller, Greg, and Stephanie Kirchner. "Germany Orders CIA Station Chief to Leave Over Spying Allegations." Washington Post, 10 Jul. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 10 July 2014, a German government spokesman confirmed the expulsion of the CIA station chief. "The move amounts to a high-profile expression of German anger over alleged CIA operations uncovered by German investigators in recent weeks, as well as continued public outrage over the exposure last year of widespread U.S. surveillance programs whose targets included Chancellor Angela Merkel."

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