GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

National Security Generally

1990s

M - Z

Mandel, Robert. The Changing Face of National Security: A Conceptual Analysis. Westport, CT: Greenwood , 1994.

From publisher: The author, first, develops "a framework of the conceptual components of national security," and, then, "focuses on analyzing change -- both in priorities and tradeoffs -- in military security, economic security, resource/environmental security, and political/cultural security."

May, Ernest R., ed. American Cold War Strategy: Interpreting NSC 68. New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1993.

Clark comment: This volume includes the text of NSC 68. According to Cold War Connection, "Top Books on the Cold War," http://www.cmu.edu/coldwar/annot.htm, this work combines "an elegant summary of the politics of the early Cold War" and "selections of writings by historians and policy-makers of different political persuasions, offering students and teachers the opportunity to compare a wide variety of interpretative positions."

Morse, George P. America Twice Betrayed: Reversing Fifty Years of Government Security Failure. Silver Spring, MD: Bartleby Press, 1995.

Variations of the following comments by Warren appear in the CIRA Newsletter 20.3, WIR 14.3, and Surveillant 4.2: Morse "explains the defects of the current security clearance system" and suggests placing "all clearance procedures under a single agency." He argues that "[n]ot only does the system fail to protect," but the 67 or so Americans who cooperated with a foreign country against the United States were "persons cleared by it." Morse also suggests punishing both the traitors and the managers who allowed them to become traitors.

Andriani, MI 22.4, calls America Twice Betrayed a "seminal book on national security.... With sublime succinctness, [Morse] discusses a complex web of political, military, and economic threats to world peace.... [T]he author provides an astute analysis of the dire geopolitical and economic consequences of the Soviet collapse.... [This] is an exceptionally well written and meticulously researched work which addresses numerous issues spanning the full spectrum of national security."

Mulcahy, Kevin V. "The Bush Administration and National Security Policymaking: A Preliminary Assessment." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 2 (Summer 1990): 167-180.

The author describes President George H.W. Bush's policymaking style as "managerial, collegial, incremental, and pragmatic.... President Bush seems content to manage events as they arise rather than to shape alternatives and fine-tune the changes in national security policy required by the openness in East-West relations."

Odom, William E. America's Military Revolution: Strategy and Structure after the Cold War. Washington, DC: American University Press, 1993. UA23/.035

Cohen, FA 73.2 (Mar.-Apr. 1994), calls this a "short, prescriptive work." Odom "favors a 12-division army but has less use for the other services." For Wright, WPNWE, 22-28 Nov. 1993, the author has failed to deliver on his promises of candor; there are "few forthright statements to be found" in his book.

Oye, Kenneth A, Robert J. Lieber, and Donald Rothchild, eds. Eagle in a New World: American Grand Strategy in the Post-Cold War Era. New York: HarperCollins, 1992.

This is an undergraduate-level national security text.

Perle, Richard N. Reshaping Western Security. Waldorf, MD: AEI Press, 1991. UA646R464

Romm, Joseph J. Defining National Security: The Nonmilitary Aspects. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 1993.

According to Cohen, FA 72 (Summer 1993), Romm "looks at U.S. drug interdiction policy and the new notions of environmental, energy and economic security, shrugging aside the older, military conception of national security as having declining relevance in the new world.... An expanded article rather than a book..., [the author] expresses an increasingly common view, but not particularly incisively."

Rosner, Jeremy D. The New Tug-of-War: Congress, the Executive Branch, and National Security. Washington, DC: Brookings, 1995.

From advertisement: "This study argues that the end of the Cold War itself -- quite apart from the new Republican majority in Congress -- is producing subtle but systematic changes in the relationship between the two branches of government. The author ... illustrates his arguments with two detailed case studies[:] President Clinton's 1993 package of aid to Russia and other post-Soviet states, and Congressional action on peacekeeping in 1993-94."

Rostow, Eugene V. A Breakfast for Napoleon: U.S. National Security Interests from the Heights of Abraham to the Nuclear Age. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1993. Toward Managed Peace: The National Security Interests of the United States, 1759 to the Present. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993. E1837R748

Roy, Denny. "Human Rights as a National Security Threat: The Case of the PRC." Issues and Studies 32, no. 2 (Feb. 1996): 65-81.

Sandholtz, Wayne, et al. The Highest Stakes: The Economic Foundations of the Next Security System. A Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy (BRIE) Project on Economy and Security. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Shuman, Howard E., and Walter R. Thomas. The Constitution and National Security: A Bicentennial View. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1990.

Shuman, Michael H., and Hal Harvey. Security Without War: A Post-Cold War Foreign Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview, 1993.

According to Fukuyama, FA 73.3 (May-Jun. 1994), Shuman and Harvey espouse a "clear-cut, if somewhat predictable, progressive foreign policy agenda.... Many of the agenda items here ... have already been overtaken by events."

Snow, Donald M. Distant Thunder: Third World Conflict and the New International Order. New York: St. Martin's, 1993.

Sterling, Claire. Thieves' World: The Threat of the New Global Network of Organized Crime. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994.

Fukuyama, 73.5 (Sep.-Oct. 1994): This is a "clear and accessible account of the growth of ostensibly new international alliances of criminal organizations." Sterling "tends to report allegations a bit uncritically." However, the book is filled with "fascinating facts."

Tritten, James J., and Paul N. Stockton, eds. Reconstituting America's Defense -- The New U.S. National Security Strategy. New York: Praeger, 1992.

MI 19.3: This book "provides neither balanced debate nor comprehensive discussion. Instead, it is more of a collection of opinions and advocacies, some more thoughtful than others.... [S]ome of the discussions have already been overcome by events." It is "not for those seeking a comprehensive analysis of our nation's new national security strategy"; nor is it "the most current or complete book available on the subject."

U.S. General Accounting Office.

1. "National Security: Perspectives on Worldwide Threats and Implications for U.S. Forces." Report to the Chairmen, Senate and House Committees on Armed Services. Washington, DC: GPO, 1992. [GAO/NSIAD-92-104]

2.. "National Security: Papers Prepared for GAO Conference on Worldwide Threats." Supplement to a Report to the Chairmen, Senate and House Committees on Armed Services. Washington, DC: GPO, 1992. [GAO/NSIAD-92-104S]

Weinberger, Caspar, and Peter Schweizer. The Next War. Washington, DC: Regnery, 1996.

Friedman, NSLR 19.1, says that the "former Secretary of Defense has devised [five] scenarios in which the short-term thinking that drives budget decisions today leads to grave crises in the future.... Weinberger believes that America has dissipated its strength," that U.S. "technological superiority is diminishing.... His scenarios illustrate the potential consequences of under-investment in advanced technologies." Campbell, History 26.1, sees The Next War as "a very worthwhile attempt to alert Americans to threats to the nation's security."

Weiss, Thomas G., ed. Collective Security in a Changing World. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1993.

According to Forsberg, MISR/Supplement to ISQ 38, Supp. 1, this book "explores the normative and legal bases for collective security.... The recent burst of 'micronationalism' thus counterpoises the modern right of people to self-determination against the traditional territorial integrity of states." This is a "timely, broad-ranging primer."

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