GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

National Security Generally

1990s

G - L

Godson, Roy, and Wm J. Olson. International Organized Crime: Emerging Threat to U.S. Security. Washington, DC: National Strategy Information Center, 1993.

Goldberg, Alfred. The Pentagon: The First Fifty Years. Washington, DC: Historical Office, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1992. UV26V8G65

"This book addresses the building itself -- its origins and its construction, and how it has changed during the first half century of its existence. It may also dispel some of the myths and misinformation about the Pentagon that have been common for many years. Finally, it may inspire greater appreciation of the remarkable feat of conception, design, and construction achieved by the planners, architects, engineers, builders, and workmen who created the building."

Hackler, Tim. The Press and National Security Secrets. McLean, VA: Association of Former Intelligence Officers, 1992.

Surveillant 2.5: "[T]he justification of a public's right to know has sometimes served merely as a rationalization to cover up more prosaic and self-interested motives."

Halperin, Morton H., and David J. Scheffer. Self-Determination in the New World Order. Washington, DC: Brookings, 1992. JX4054H33

Hartmann, Frederick H., and Robert L. Wendzel. Defending America's Security. 2d ed., revised. Washington, DC: Brassey's (US), 1990.

This work is clearly out of date; but in its day, this was a better text for a defense policy course than most of the other works around.

Ippolito, Dennis S. Blunting the Sword: Budget Policy and the Future of Defense. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1994.

Jordan, Amos A., William J. Taylor, Jr., and Lawrence J. Korb. American National Security: Policy and Process. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993. Jordan, Amos A., William J. Taylor, Jr., and Michael J. Mazarr. American National Security: Policy and Process. 5th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. Jordan, Amos A., William J. Taylor, Jr., Michael J. Meese, and Suzanne C. Nielsen. American National Security. 6th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

Clark comment: The 4th edition was used (Fall Term 1997) as the primary text in the POLS 320 National Security Issues course I taught at Muskingum University. It is strongest on the defense element of the national security triad, but weaker on foreign policy and intelligence. Writing on the 4th edition, MI 21.1 says that this "may be the best source volume for the process of developing national security policy.... This is an excellent reference and the extensive footnotes can be used as a springboard for deeper research."

From publisher (6th edition): "The sixth edition of American National Security has been extensively rewritten to take into account the significant changes in national security policy in the past decade. Thorough revisions reflect a new strategic context and the challenges and opportunities faced by the United States in the early twenty-first century."

Karp, Regina Cowen, ed. Security Without Nuclear Weapons? Different Perspectives on Non-Nuclear Security. London: Oxford University Press/SIPRI, 1992.

Brown, I&NS 9.2: This book is the "product of seminars at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). [M]ost of the articles appear to date from late 1990." The articles serve a "useful purpose in reminding us of the possibilities which the end of the Cold War could provide."

Klare, Michael T., and Yogesh Chandrani. World Security: Challenges for a New Century. 3d ed. New York: St. Martin's, 1998.

This is a collection of 19 essays, covering topics considered to be of importance to world security for the immediate future. Some are on point in terms of being critical; others seem to have been included to meet the demands of political correctness.

Klare, Michael T., ed. Peace & World Security Studies: A Curriculum Guide. 6th ed. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994.

Koh, Harold Hongju. The National Security Constitution: Sharing Power After the Iran-Contra Affair. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1990. KF4651/.K64

According to Valcourt, IJI&C 4.2, Koh is a Yale law professor and former adviser in the Office of Legal Counsel of the Department of Justice. "The Iran-Contra affair constituted a 'fundamental interbranch dispute over what the rule of law governing national security should be.'... Congress perhaps did not 'so much misdefine its institutional task as leave it unfinished." The National Security Constitution "consists of the U.S. Constitution and several legislative enactments pertaining to foreign policy.... [M]ost presidents have misused this [military and intelligence] power by committing U.S. forces to overt or covert action without having obtained sufficient consensus from Congress and the public." This is a "thoughtful book on the current state of the relationship between the executive and the legislative branches."

Korany, Baghat, Paul Noble, and Rex Brynen, eds. The Many Faces of National Security in the Arab World. New York: St. Martin's, 1993.

Stempel, MISR/Supplement to ISQ 38, Supp. 1: The articles here are from a "group of superior scholars." The articles originated at a "November 1989 conference but have been updated." The book's "thesis is that ... security studies have to be expanded ... to take into account transnational issues." The authors are "generally working at analytical and conceptual levels." This book "belongs on every serious academic reading list about the region." It provides a "sophisticated level of generality."

Korb, Lawrence J. "Our Overstuffed Armed Forces." Foreign Affairs 74, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1995): 22-34.

Korb views projected military spending levels as excessive to American needs. He rejects the validity of the three main arguments for maintaining levels beyond the Pentagon's requests -- the two-war assumption, the readiness issue, and underfunding of agreed-upon programs. Korb argues that the reasons driving a high level of defense spending are political, not military, in nature. He proposes a total force of 2 million (1.3 active and 700,000 reserves), with 15 ground divisions, 9 carrier battle groups with 300 ships, 20 tactical air wings, 150 bombers, 1,000 strategic nuclear weapons, and expenditures of $220-225 billion a year. This compares to the Clinton defense program of 2.5 million (1.5 million active and 1 million reserves), with 19 ground divisions, 12 carrier battle groups with 346 ships, 20 air wings, 184 bombers, 3,500 nuclear weapons, and expenditures of $260 billion a year.

Kugler, Richard L. Commitment to Purpose: How Alliance Partnership Won the Cold War. Santa Monica, CA: Rand, 1994.

Cohen, FA 73.6: (Nov.-Dec. 1994): This is a "serious and detailed history of NATO." The author is "very much a NATO traditionalist and argues that a deteriorating situation in Europe necessitates an expansion of the alliance, in terms of both membership and missions."

Lehman, John. Making War: The 200-Year-Old Battle Between the President and Congress Over How America Goes to War. New York: Scribner's, 1992.

MI 20.2: Lehman "draws on historical examples dating from Barbary Coast Pirates to Desert Storm. [His] research is exceptional, and the footnotes provide many valuable resources."

Treverton, FA 71 (Summer 1992), says that "[t]his engaging essay, part memoir, begins with Desert Storm and ends with Panama, with constitutional theory and history in between. Lehman ... is wise enough to recognize that the Constitution hardly settled the tussle over war powers.... He is also honest enough to admit that while he favors a strong president in principle, he tends, like most of us, to look more favorably on Congress. Lehman emphasizes the leverage of congressional investigation..., and he concludes that Congress' power of the purse has been roughly the check on executive discretion that the Founding Fathers had in mind."

Lewis, Jonathan. "National Security and Capital Markets." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 4 (Winter 1993): 507-517.

"[N]ascent capital markets provide a new and dangerous battleground for governments and their intelligence agencies to project power and advance their national agendas." The author calls for "the creation of a capital markets unit in the CIA's Directorate of Intelligence (DI)." Handling this kind of intelligence "requires that intelligence officers have contact with leading practitioners in the financial industry.... [A]n advisory group of Wall Street professionals should be assembled.... Numerous field contacts ... will be required."

Return to National Security Table of Contents