GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

National Security Generally

1990s

A - F

American Bar Association. Standing Committee on Law and National Security. "Ambassador Miller Provides Rules for Low Intensity Conflict." National Security Law Report 16, no. 3-4 (Mar.-Apr. 1994): 3, 7-8.

Excerpts of speech 17 February 1994. Quote: "we must not allow capacity to drive us into situations where there really is no long run national interest."

American Bar Association. Standing Committee on Law and National Security. "Secretary of Defense Perry Addresses March Breakfast." National Security Law Report 16, no. 3-4 (Mar.-Apr. 1994): 1-2, 5-6.

Excerpts of speech 31 March 1994.

Aronsen, Lawrence R. American National Security and Economic Relations with Canada, 1945-1954. Toronto and Westport, CT: Greenwood/Praeger, 1997.

From publisher: The author "draws on recently declassified documents in Ottawa and Washington to provide a reassessment of Canada's special relationship with the U.S.... [D]etailed new information is provided about Canada's contribution to the creation of the postwar economic order from the Bretton Woods Agreement to GATT."

Augustine, Norman R. "Waging Peace." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 121, no. 5 (May 1995): 44-49.

Augustine is President, Lockheed Martin Corporation. "[T]he defense industrial base today is faced with many profound and troubling challenges.... The U.S. defense industry is experiencing a ... wrenching downsizing.... [W]e are perilously close to building a hollow defense industrial base.... The aerospace segment of the U.S. defense industry is at this moment operating with about two-thirds more capacity than it needs.... [The best] approach is to combine companies ... and operate the remaining ones at full efficiency."

Bayliss, John, and N. J. Rengger, eds. Dilemma of World Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. D860D55

Betts, Richard K. Military Readiness: Concepts, Choices, Consequences. Washington, DC: Brookings, 1995.

Cohen, FA 74.2 (Mar.-Apr. 1995): "Betts ... has written a superb study of military readiness in the United States, drawing primarily on the period from World War II to the present.... Most striking here is his awareness of the paradoxes and tradeoffs in readiness.... Surely one of the most insightful books on military affairs this year."

Booth, Ken, ed. New Thinking About Strategy and International Security. New York: Routledge, 1991. UA10N48

Booth, Ken, and Eric Herring. Keyguide to Information Sources in Strategic Studies. New York: Mansell, 1994.

From advertisement: "Part I is a narrative account of strategic studies and its literature; how the field developed relationships with other subjects and between information sources and weaknesses of these. Part II is an annotated bibliography of reference material arranged primarily by subject; and Part III is a directory of selected organizations in 59 countries which are major sources of information or contact points."

Bose, Meena. Shaping and Signaling Presidential Policy: The National Security Decision Making of Eisenhower and Kennedy. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

Zelikow, FA 78.3 (May-Jun. 1999), comments that the author's "knowledge of history is sound, and her narrative is concise and smooth." For Mulcahy, APSR 94.2, the author's work "is well grounded in the archival sources" and "is well organized and clearly written." This is a "worthy, if narrowly focused, comparative case study."

Bundy, McGeorge, William J. Crowe, Jr., and Sidney D. Drell. Reducing Nuclear Danger: The Road Away from the Brink. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993.

Cohen, FA 73.3 (May-Jun. 1994) says that this is a "clear and concise version of the centrist-liberal view of nuclear strategy after the Cold War." It presents an "anodyne analysis. This light read offers a quick way of getting a fix on the Clinton administration's conventional wisdom on nuclear weapons."

Cambone, Stephen. A New Structure for National Security Policy Planning. Washington, DC, 1998.

Stan A. Taylor and David Goldman, "Intelligence Reform: Will More Agencies, Money, and Personnel Help?" Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 3 (Autumn 2004): 432/fn. 12, note that "Cambone makes a case that too many national security agencies" were then "operating without sufficient central direction and proposes a reduction and restructuring." Yet, as Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence, "he now heads a new such entity."

Carey, Roger, and Trevor C. Salmon, eds. International Security in the Modern World. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan, 1992.

Brown, I&NS 9.1: This "collection of essays by British academics" seeks to provide an "introduction to international security issues for the layman and for the student beginning to study the field." The collection is "decidedly old-fashioned," with an approach that "is very much a traditional realist one.... [The] focus is largely on East-West issues and on the security problems of the West." There is "no discussion of environmental, migration or ethnic problems and only a limited treatment of proliferation issues." This whole approach "has been called into question by the end of the Cold War."

Carter, Ashton B., and William J. Perry. Preventive Defense: A New Security Strategy for America. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999.

Cerami, Parameters, Autumn 1999, notes that Perry was Defense Secretary and Carter Assistant Secretary for International Security Policy from 1993 through 1997. In this book, "they tell the story of their firsthand experiences in searching for new strategic concepts to guide US defense policy and programs during the first Clinton Administration.... The book introduces a model of emerging dangers, or what the authors call the A, B, and C lists of threats" -- vital interests at stake, important interests, and peripheral or humanitarian interests. This is an "important book that should be read by policymakers and students of national security strategy. It is especially important for military officers and those outside the Washington beltway for its insights into how strategic concepts are formulated and how high-ranking civilian defense officials construct defense policies and programs."

Cline, Ray S. The Power of Nations in the 1990s: A Strategic Assessment. Washington, DC: U.S. Global Strategy Council, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: Cline "advocates that ... the U.S. should take a defensive strategy, acting overseas only in incidents of overt aggression, and then only in concert with a core group of approximately twenty strategic associate states."

Connaughton, Richard. Military Intervention in the 1990s. London: Routledge, 1992.

Basak, I&NS 9.1: This book "consider[s] the practical realities of such intervention and make[s] predictions on the future role of these actions." The author's "central contention is that a collective security regime can be maintained successfully through multilateral military intervention."

Crabb, Cecil V., Jr., and Kevin V. Mulcahy. American National Security: A Presidential Perspective. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1991.

Clark comment: Having used this title as an ancillary text in my National Security Policy Issues course, I clearly agree with Valcourt, IJI&C 4.3, that this is "a valuable text for undergraduate students taking a course in national security policymaking."

Dorwart, Jeffrey M. Eberstadt and Forrestal: A National Security Partnership, 1909-1949. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1991.

Sokolsky, I&NS 10.1: "Eberstadt, though never holding high public office, had a profound impact upon American national security policy through his personal and professional friendship with James Forrestal.... [I]t was from the activities of these two men that the 'concepts and forms laid out in the National Security Act of 1947 derived.'... [And] it was Eberstadt ... who provided most of the ideas making him 'perhaps the single most important organizer of the American national security establishment.'... Dorwart's excellent book shows us how two dedicated men prepared America for leadership in the nuclear age."

See also, Townsend Hoopes and Douglas Brinkley, Driven Patriot: The Life and Times of James Forrestal (New York: Knopf, 1992).

Feaver, Peter Douglas. Guarding the Guardians: Civilian Control of Nuclear Weapons in the United States. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, 1992. UA23F37

Cohen, FA 73.2 (Mar.-Apr. 1994): This book has an "overly formal structure" but is "well-written" and provides an "intriguing discussion."

Foster, Gregory D. "Redefining National Security: A Post-Cold War Imperative." National Security Law Report 15, no. 1 (Jan. 1993): 1-2.

"Security is not ... just defense ... [or] the special preserve of international relations. It is, rather, the cardinal measure of the seamlessness of domestic and foreign affairs.... [I]nvesting in national cohesion may provide a greater and more lasting payoff than investing in military capabilities." (pp. 1-2) See Francis J. McNamara, "Counterpoint," NSLR 15.3.

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