GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

National Security Generally

2000s

M - Z

McIvor, Anthony D., ed. Rethinking the Principles of War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2005.

Jones, DIJ 15.1 (2006), finds that this anthology brings together "an impressive array of national security and military thinkers." There are five major parts to the book, with the final part concentrating on intelligence. The essays in the intelligence section "tend to focus more exclusively on offering solutions and recommendations than raising questions or examining notions."

McNicholas, Michael. Maritime Security. London and New York: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2008.

Poteat, Intelligencer 16.2 (Fall 2008), says that "[f]or the national security practitioner, here is a textbook on use of cargo containers and vessels: by criminals, drug traffickers and terrorists; threat mitigation strategies; and information security and assurance."

Moore, John Norton, Frederick S. Tipson, and Robert F. Turner, eds. National Security Law. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 1990. Moore, John Norton, and Robert F. Turner, eds. National Security Law. 2d ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2005.

Commenting on the second edition of this work, Henseler, NWCR 59.1 (Winter 2006), finds that the editors "have gone to great lengths to create ... an up-to-date casebook that covers not only the fundamentals of national security law but also new areas in the law that are burgeoning as we enter the twenty-first century.... Most notably, they place a clear emphasis on national security issues that have arisen in the post–Cold War era.... Moore and Turner have succeeded in producing a comprehensive, well organized, extremely well written casebook filled with seminal cases, insightful commentary, and stimulating questions for discussion."

Moore, John Norton, Guy B. Roberts, and Robert F. Turner, eds. National Security Law Documents. 2d ed. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2005.

From publisher: This "companion volume to the casebook National Security Law ... brings together a wealth of documents ranging from ... George Washington's Farewell Address and George Kennan's Long Telegram to important international conventions, domestic laws, executive orders, and departmental regulations on such matters as FBI counter-terrorism investigations and State Department treaty procedures."

Mulcahy, Kevin V. "U.S. National Security: A Presidential Perspective." Presidential Studies Quarterly 30, no. 4 (Dec. 2000): 802-805.

Newmann, William W. Managing National Security Policy: The President and the Process. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2003.

According to Mulcahy, Perspectives on Politics 2.2 (Jun. 2004), the author uses "in-depth case studies of the making of arms-control policy in the Carter, Reagan, and Bush administrations in order to elucidate the formulation and development of their decision-making organizations.... Newmann has provided a particularly good elaboration of the dynamic structures of the advisory process."

O'Neill, Philip D., Jr. National Security and the Legal Process. 2 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

From publisher: "Instead of taking a simplistic, polemical approach to the debate between the imperative of security and the imperative of liberty, O'Neill instead advocates a more practical, process-based model for resolving that classic tension."

Perl, Raphael F. Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 9 Mar. 2006. [Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/IB10119.pdf]

"As terrorism is a global phenomenon, a major challenge facing policy makers is how to maximize international cooperation and support, without unduly compromising important U.S. national security interests."

Schake, Kori, and Bruce Berkowitz. "National Security: A Better Approach." Hoover Digest 4 (Fall 2005). [http://www.hoover.org/publications/digest/2913101.html]

"The United States lacks the organization required for effective national security. We need a structure that enables the president to implement the policies he has been elected to carry out. We also need a process that allows the government to focus all its resources on a strategic objective, no matter where in the executive branch those resources reside.... Until we create presidential directors with command authority to produce results, the nation will lack the means needed for effective security."

Sheehan, Michael. International Security: An Analytical Survey. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2005.

Fedyszyn, NWCR 59.1 (Winter 2006), says that the author "offers thoughtful commentary on how contemporary scholars should take into account new forces in international relations that demand broader thinking on 'security.'" However, "many of his observations and conclusions are both obvious and repetitive.... While the book has an academic tone and is well footnoted, it remains readily digestible for the layman."

Snow, Donald M. National Security for a New Era. 2d ed. New York: Longman, 2006. [pb]

From publisher: This work offers "a comprehensive examination of American national security policy since the events of 9/11 galvanized change. It starts from the premise that there have been two fundamental 'fault lines' in national security policy during the last two decades: the end of the Cold War and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Each transformed security policy."

Clark comment: Snow is a prolific writer and updater of texts dealing with national and international security. I used his earlier work, National Security: Enduring Problems in a Changing Defense Environment, 2d ed. (New York: St. Martin's, 1991), as a text in the POLS 320 National Security Issues course I taught at Muskingum University.

Stevenson, Charles A. "Underlying Assumptions of the National Security Act of 1947." Joint Force Quarterly 48 (1st Quarter 2008): 129-133.

This well-done article points out that: "The National Security Act of 1947 was a compromise -- between advocates and opponents of a highly centralized military establishment, between supporters of a regularized process for interagency policymaking and defenders of Presidential prerogatives, and between an executive branch needing new legal authorities to deal with a postwar world and a Congress determined to maintain its special powers over the Armed Forces."

Stuart, Douglas T. Creating the National Security State: A History of the Law that Transformed America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

For Lloyd, NWCR 63.1 (Winter 2010), the author "provides an insightful history of the struggle to reform completely the U.S. national security establishment from 1937 to 1960.... This extensively researched study of the political and bureaucratic battles to establish control over the national security establishment holds invaluable lessons for those interested in the current efforts to reform the joint, interagency system.... Stuart's lucid analysis of lessons learned is a must-read for future reform efforts." To Rudgers, I&NS 26.2&3 (Apr.-Jun. 2011), "[o]nly the news media fails to get proper attention" in this "[w]ell-written and well organized" book.

Putney, H-War, H-Net Reviews (Mar. 2009) [http://www.h-net.org], finds the author's thesis that Pearl Harbor swept away "traditional concepts of national security ... thought-provoking, but in the end more suggestive than proven.... The book also lacks evidence showing that the Pearl Harbor experience" was "the driving force producing the National Security Act.... While not definitive,... the value" of this book "is the extensive analysis of the debates leading to the passage of the 1947 National Security Act and the fate of the act's institutional components."

Zelizer, Julian E. Arsenal of Democracy: The Politics of National Securit -- From World War II to the War on Terrorism. New York: Basic Books, 2009.

According to Smith, Joint Force Quarterly 60 (Jan. 2011), the author "argues that, far from being an incidental factor in foreign policymaking, domestic factors have always been prominent.... From Franklin Roosevelt to Barack Obama, there has rarely, if ever, been a period of national consensus over international affairs." Much of Zelizer's argument is not new, "but never before has anybody laid out so comprehensively the partisan debates over foreign policy.... Among the most exciting attributes of Arsenal of Democracy is its grasp of the relevant literature. On everything from Vietnam to Iraq, Zelizer uses the most recent, accurate, respected scholarship."

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