Medical Intelligence

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Anderson, Gaylord W. "Medical Intelligence." In Medical Department, United States Army in World War II, Preventive Medicine in World War II, vol. IX, Special Fields, 251-340. Washington, DC: GPO, 1969.

Carey, Warren, and Myles Maxfield. "Intelligence Implications of Disease." Studies in Intelligence 16, no. 1 (Spring 1972): 71-78.

Westerfield: "How to track internationally communicable and dangerous diseases spreading in 'denied areas' countries."

Clemente, Jonathan D. "CIA's Medical and Psychological Analysis Center (MPAC) and the Health of Foreign Leaders." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 3 (Fall 2006): 385-423.

The CIA's MPAC is "tasked with preparing assessments on key foreign individuals, including world leaders, terrorists, and narco-traffikers.... The CIA has incorporated, within its leadership analysis paradigm, a program to prepare remote psychological and medical assessments of select foreign individuals."

Clemente, Jonathan D. "The Fate of an Orphan: The Hawley Board and the Debates over the Postwar Organization of Medical Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 2 (Jun. 2005): 264-287.

The Hawley Board, formally the Ad Hoc Committee on Medical and Hospital Services, established by the defense secretary in January 1948, recommended the creation of an "Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Organization." This recommedation was not implemented, primarily because of "the re-emergence of prewar interservice rivalries, the dominant role of the Army medical intelligence program, and the lack of a joint military-CIA vision of a centralized medical intellligence service."

Clemente, Jonathan D. "OSS Medical Intelligence in the Mediterranean Theater: A Brief History." Journal of Intelligence History 2, no. 1 (Summer 2002). [ jih/previous.html]

From abstract: "The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Medical Services Branch was formally established ... 26 January 1944. The fundamental responsibility of the Medical Services Branch was to provide medical care for Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and unvouchered funds personnel of OSS.... OSS medical personnel were in an unusual position to extend their activities beyond routine care by procuring medical and political intelligence, not readily attainable elsewhere."

Clemente, Jonathan D. "In Sickness and in Health." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 63, no. 2 (Mar.-Apr. 2007): 38-44, 66.

"[I]n many cases the physical or mental health of a foreign head of state has the potential to influence the course and conduct of U.S. foreign relations.... [A] small analytical team" within the CIA's "Directorate of Intelligence known as the Medical and Psychological Analysis Center (MPAC)" has the job of "provid[ing] policy makers with assessments of the physical and mental health of key foreign actors.... The unit also conducts assessments of epidemiological and other health issues that are important to national security, such as the global impact of pandemic disease."

Deshere, Edward F. "Hypnosis in Interrogation." Studies in Intelligence 4, no. 1 (Winter 1960): 51-64,

"A psychotherapist discusses the theory and practice of using hypnosis as a tool in interrogation situations."

Grant, Sam, and Peter C. Oleson. "Dual Use of Intelligence Technologies: Breast Cancer Detection Research." Studies in Intelligence (Semiannual ed. no. 1, 1997): 27-34.

"On 4 April 1995, the television networks' evening news programs carried an unusual item. The Acting Director of Central Intelligence, Adm. William O. Studeman, held a press conference at the National Photographic Interpretation Center (NPIC) to address the topic of breast cancer. Also participating were the chairman and vice chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI), Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania and Senator Robert Kerrey of Nebraska, and Dr. Susan Blumenthal, the deputy assistant secretary of Health and Human Services and head of the Women's Health Office of the Public Health Service.

"Admiral Studeman announced that the Intelligence Community (IC) had been involved in an effort to identify and promote technologies developed within the IC that had promise in the national fight against breast cancer. He said this effort was to continue with the CIA, National Reconnaissance Office, and Community Management Staff (CMS) each contributing to the effort."

Henze C. "Recollections of a Medical Intelligence Officer in World War II." Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 49, no. 11 (Nov. 1973): 960-973.

Hilden, Leonard. "Conditioned Reflex, Drugs and Hypnosis in Communist Interrogations." Studies in Intelligence 2, no. 2 (Spring 1958): 59-63.

"[A]ll of the evidence points to the fact that [Communist control] doctrine was developed and organized by ... police officials," and that "scientists have not participated." (italics in original) In addition, there is "no [reported] instance of operational use [of exotic psychological devices], except for normal medical purposes."

Jarcho, Saul. "Historical Perspectives of Medical Intelligence" Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 67, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1991): 501-506.

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