GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

Economic Intelligence

Corporate/Non-Governmental

A - L

Strategic and Competitive Intelligence Professionals (SCIP) maintains a Website at http://www.scip.org/.

Baumard, Phillippe. "From Noticing to Making Sense: Using Intelligence to Develop Strategy." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 29-73.

Corporate intelligence: individual, organization, and environment.

Bergier, Jacques. Secret Armies: The Growth of Corporate and Industiral Espionage. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1975.

Bonthous, Jean-Marie. "Understanding Intelligence Across Cultures." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 3 (Fall 1994): 275-311.

Business intelligence, with national "models."

Bottom, Norman R., Jr., and Robert R.J. Gallanti. Industrial Espionage: Intelligence Techniques and Countermeasures. Boston: Butterworth, 1984.

Unsinger, IJI&C 2.1: This is a "generalized security text for someone unfamiliar with the security field in general and industrial espionage in particular.... The style is good.... For someone new to the security topic, it is a good book."

Burke, James F. "The Role of Capital Markets Intelligence in Corporate Management." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 4 (Winter 1994): 429-433.

Capital Markets Intelligence = The provision of timely information on the behavior of institutional investors, on key personnel in investment institutions, and on actual investments. "A select group of financial consulting firms have ... [made] a qualitative leap forward in the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information on portfolio managers and capital flows. These qualitative advances have come in the form of computer-based databases."

Champion, Brian. "A Review of Selected Cases of Industrial Espionage and Economic Spying, 1568-1945." Intelligence and National Security 13, no. 2 (Summer 1998): 123-143.

Although the numbers of cases being reported in the media today leaves the impression that industrial espionage is a recent activity, "[c]ompanies spying on each other ... has a long history."

Cook, Joseph L. Industrial Spying and Espionage. Montecello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1985.

Wilcox: "Extensive list of books & articles. Not annotated."

Derra, Skip, and Ted Agres. "Trade Secrets: Competition Drives Market for Industrial Espionage." Research and Development, Jun. 1987, 63-65, 70.

Eells, Richard, and Peter Nehemkis. A Blueprint for Executive Decision Making. New York: Macmillan, 1984.

For Cubbage, I&NS 1.2, this book "delivers little in the way of useful information. First, it does not provide a convincing argument in support of the purported need to set up a separate intelligence bureau within a modern corporation. Second, it is of even less value as a guide for how to organize such a unit."

Evans, Joseph C. "U.S. Business Competitiveness and the Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 7, no. 3 (Fall 1994): 353-361.

Friedman, Richard S. "War By Other Means: Economic Intelligence and Industrial Espionage." Parameters 28, no. 3 (Autumn 1998): 150-154. [http://www.carlisle.army.mil/USAWC/Parameters/98autumn/aut-essa.htm#Friedman]

This "Review Essay" makes some interesting points about the nature of industrial espionage and the U.S. response.

Gordon, Don E. "Winners and Losers." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 1, no. 3 (1986): 1-24.

Business intelligence and using the intelligence-cycle in the business decision-making arena.

Green, William. "I Spy: Your Competitor Is Snooping on You. So What's Wrong with That?" Forbes, 20 Apr. 1998, 90-100. [http://www.forbes.com]

This article describes the work of the Centre for Operational Business Intelligence where "students ... learn how to help their employers gather 'competitive intelligence.'" A number of companies engaged in competitive intelligence -- and counterintelligence -- activities are identified, and the need for business intelligence is discussed.

Greene, Richard M. Business Intelligence and Espionage. Homewood, IL: Dow Jones-Irwin, 1966.

Wilcox: "Account of the rationale & techniques used in commercial espionage."

Hamilton, Peter.

1. Espionage and Subversion in an Industrialized Society: An Examination and Philosophy of Defense for Management. London: Hutchinson, 1967.

Hamilton's is an early work on a topic -- industrial and economic espionage -- now much more in vogue than when this insightful conceptualization was published.

2. Espionage, Terrorism and Subversion in an Industrial Society. Surrey, UK: Bookmag, 1974. [Wilcox]

Hulnick, Arthur S.

1. "Dirty Tricks for Profit: Covert Action in Private Industry." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 4 (Winter 2001-2002): 529-544.

"[T]here are many parallels between intelligence in government and similar activity in the private sector. But the differences are significant."

2. "Risky Business: Private Sector Intelligence in the United States." Harvard International Review 24, no. 3 (Fall 2002): 68-72.

There are differences between private and governmental intelligence, and American business officials generally oppose integrating an intelligence unit into firms, However, there are areas in the private sector where intelligence collection and analysis are significant.

Kahaner, Larry. Competitive Intelligence. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1997.

Kalitka, Peter F. "The Equalizer Versus Competitive Intelligence." American Intelligence Journal 17, no. 1/2 (1996): 43-45.

The "equalizer" in this article is industrial counterintelligence activities that are both reactive and, at times, proactive in nature.

Lark, Rosemary. "Business Intelligence: Corporate America Meets James Bond." Intelligencer 10, no. 1 (Feb. 1999): 11-12.

The recent growth in business intelligence (BI) is reflected in a rising number of consulting firms (such as Kroll Associates, where the author works) practicing in the area and in the building by corporate America of internal BI capabilities.

Lewis, Jim. "Espionage Inc." George, Oct. 1997, 102-104.

ProQuest: "Kroll Associates, the pre-eminent corporate investigators in the country, was started in 1971 and counts among its clients banks, investment firms, corporations and foreign governments."

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