Best, Richard A., Jr. Intelligence Spending: Public Disclosure Issues. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Updated 15 Feb. 2007. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/94-261.pdf.
"Central to consideration of the issue is the composition of the 'intelligence budget.' Intelligence authorization bills have included not just the 'National Intelligence Program' -- the budgets for CIA, DIA, NSA et al. [--] but also a wide variety of other intelligence and intelligence-related efforts conducted by the Defense Department. Shifts of tactical programs into or out of the total intelligence budgets have hitherto been important only to budget analysts; disclosing total intelligence budgets could make such transfers matters of concern to a far larger audience. Legislation reported by the Senate Intelligence Committee in January 2007 (S. 372) would require that funding for the National Intelligence Program be made public but it does not address other intelligence activities."
Daggett, Stephen. The U.S. Intelligence Budget: A Basic Overview. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 24 Sep. 2004. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RS21945.pdf.
This report "describes the intelligence budget and gives rough estimates of the amounts for major components of the budget based on unclassified sources. It also reviews current procedures for formulating and executing the budget. And it highlights how proposed legislation addresses the issue."
New York Times. "[Editorial:] Beware of Tinkering Lawmakers." 28 Aug. 2004. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"Underpinning the 9/11 commission's call to reform the nation's intelligence services is the parallel warning that Congress must reform itself. The commission called on Congress to junk its 17-committee jungle of jurisdictional fiefs, which have failed miserably in their responsibility of oversight.... [A]ny real attempt at oversight means Congress must stop signing blank checks for the Pentagon, which controls most of the annual $40 biillion intelligence budget in various secretive ledgers. For openers, the budget should be made public."
Shane, Scott. "Official Reveals Budget for U.S. Intelligence." New York Times, 8 Nov. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]
Speaking at an intelligence conference in San Antonio, Mary Margaret Graham, "deputy director of national intelligence for collection, said the annual intelligence budget was $44 billion.... Steven Aftergood, director of the Project on Government Secrecy at the Federation of American Scientists, expressed amused satisfaction that the budget figure had slipped out." See also, Paul Bedard, "Washington Whispers: This Time We Know Who the Leaker Is," U.S. News & World Report, 14 Nov. 2005, 20.
Washington Post. "[Editorial:] Too Much Secrecy." 28 Aug. 2004, A24. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"Unnecessary secrecy erodes public confidence in government.... [I]n a post-Sept. 11 world, needless secrecy is downright dangerous insofar as it prevents the open sharing of information that ought to have many different pairs of eyes examining and analyzing it. The Sept. 11 commission recently recommended declassifying intelligence community budget information. This would be a good place to start."
Return to Budgets Table of Contents