Materials presented in reverse chronological order.
Aftergood, Steven. "Bush Signs 2004 Intel Bill into Law." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 15 Dec. 2003. [http://www.fas.org]
President Bush signed the 2004 intelligence authorization act (H.R. 2417) on 13 December 2003. The President's signing statement is available at http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2003/12/wh121303.html.
Morgan, Dan. "Classified Spending on the Rise." Washington Post, 27 Aug. 2003, A23, [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"'Black,' or classified, programs requested in President Bush's 2004 defense budget are at the highest level since 1988, according to a report prepared by the independent Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments. The center concluded that classified spending next fiscal year will reach about $23.2 billion of the Pentagon's total request for procurement and research funding. When adjusted for inflation, that is the largest dollar figure since the peak reached during President Ronald Reagan's defense buildup 16 years ago. The amount in 1988 was $19.7 billion, or $26.7 billion if adjusted for inflation, according to the center."
Washingon Post. "House Passes Intelligence Bill." 28 Jun. 2003, A7.
On 27 June 2003, the U.S. House of Representatives passed by a vote of 410 to 9 the bill authorizing intelligence programs for FY 2004. The House version still must "be reconciled with a bill awaiting action in the Senate. Most of the bill remains classified, including its cost, estimated around $40 billion."
Pincus, Walter. "House Votes Billions for Intelligence." Washington Post, 26 Jul. 2002, A11. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
The House of Representatives on 24 July 2002 "passed the fiscal 2003 intelligence authorization bill containing an estimated $35 billion to fund spending next year" for the U.S. intelligence community. This is "a multibillion-dollar increase in intelligence spending.... While the exact numbers are classified, the CIA's share is $4 billion to $5 billion, according to sources. The Pentagon's electronic and imagery satellite collection agencies and the military will get more than $28 billion."
Skorneck, Carolyn. "Conferees Agree Intelligence Spending." Associated Press, 5 Dec. 2001. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
Senate and House conferees agreed on 5 December 2001 "to increase intelligence spending by 8 percent with an emphasis on rebuilding traditional human spy networks and boosting analysis of raw data so it will be useful to America's war against terrorism.... Under the bill, the Coast Guard's intelligence unit would join the nation's intelligence community. That means that when the community determines how to deploy satellites, for example, the Coast Guard 'will be at the table,' able to say it needs coverage of a certain port where suspect goods might be coming in."
Pincus, Walter. "Senate Clears Bill Raising Intelligence Spending 7 Pct." Washington Post, 9 Nov. 2001, A13. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]
On 8 November 2001, the Senate "unanimously approved the fiscal 2002 intelligence authorization bill.... The measure, which approves spending more than $30 billion during the fiscal year ending next Sept. 30[,] adds substantial funds for human intelligence and continued upgrading of the National Security Agency.... It also adds money for analysis of the growing amount of intelligence gathered by satellites. Although the exact amounts being spent are classified, the Senate bill was said to represent a 7 percent increase" over the FY2001 budget.
1. "A War, Not a Battle." Federal Computer Week, 17 Jul. 2000. [http://www. fcw.com]
"Intelligence experts characterized the latest report on the bill from the House Armed Services Committee as little more than a tool in the struggle for control over the intelligence budget between the House and the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence.... Others said the debate centers on the larger questions of reforming the intelligence community and who should be in charge."
2. "Intell Turf Battles Rage." Federal Computer Week, 17 Jul. 2000. [http:// www.fcw.com]
Defense Secretary William Cohen and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Henry Shelton "recently sent a letter to senior lawmakers on Capitol Hill protesting" a HPSCI proposal "to establish an intelligence community communications architect position within the CIA. The chief architect would ... be funded with $80 million in start-up money taken directly from the budgets" of the NRO, NSA, and DIA.
McCutcheon, Chuck. "Intelligence Markup Gives NSA Increase." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 29 Apr. 2000, 1001.
In a closed session on 27 April 2000, the SSCI approved an intelligence authorization bill for FY 2001 that is said to include a significant increase for NSA. See also, Chuck McCutcheon, "House Takes up Intelligence Bill that Would Provide NSA with Means to Modernize," Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 20 May 2000, 1208.
[Clinton, William J.] "Statement on Signing the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, 6 Dec. 1999, 2512-2513.
Statement dated 3 December 1999 on signing into law H.R. 1555 (Public Law No. 106-120).
Associated Press. "Senate Approves Intelligence Budget." 19 Nov. 1999. [http://www.ap.org]
On 19 November 1999, the U.S. Senate "adopted compromise legislation ... authorizing an increase in spending for intelligence activities.... The bill covers the Central Intelligence Agency and 10 other intelligence-gathering agencies and programs.... [L]awmakers familiar with the legislation said it totaled about $29.5 billion, up considerably from the $26.7 billion level of 1998, when the government last disclosed the amount." See also, Chuck McCutcheon, "Senate Clears Intelligence Authorization," Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 20 Nov. 1999, 2706.
Verton, Daniel. "Intelligence Bill Targets NSA, Echelon Upgrades." Federal Computer Week, 18 Nov. 1999. [http://www.fcw.com]
The bill to authorize appropriations for FY 2000 operations of the U.S. intelligence community "includes funding for infrastructure upgrades" at Menwith Hill signals intelligence listening post in England. Menwith Hill "is widely suspected of being one of the central European-based processing centers for the 'Echelon' system, an electronic surveillance network sponsored by the National Security Agency."
U.S. Congress. House. Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000. 106th Cong., 1st sess., 5 Nov. 1999.
Conference Report to accompany H.R. 1555.
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