Materials presented in reverse chronological order.
Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Spending Declined in 2011." Secrecy News, 1 Nov. 2011. [http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy]
"[A]ccording to budget figures declassified and disclosed last week[,] ... the National Intelligence Program (NIP) budget increased slightly from $53.1 in 2010 to $54.6 billion in 2011, [but] the Military Intelligence Program (MIP) budget dropped from $27 billion to $24 billion. The sum of both categories of intelligence spending thus declined from $80.1 billion in 2010 to $78.6 billion in 2011, signaling a reversal of the steady intelligence budget increases of the past decade."
Pincus, Walter. "Last-minute Agreement Boosts Chances for Passage of Intelligence Authorization Bill." Washington Post, 15 May 2011. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
A bill authorizing for FY 2011 "the nation's intelligence activities could be headed for approval for the first time in six years following a last-minute agreement to restore funding for an increase in the number of CIA counterterrorism analysts. Partisan wrangling has prevented the passage of an intelligence authorization bill since 2005." Rep. C. A. Dutch Ruppersberger (D-MD) said that "[a]dditional positions were [also] authorized ... at the National Counterterrorism Center."
Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Public Affairs Office. "DNI Releases Budget Figure for FY 2012 Appropriations Requested for the National Intelligence Program." ODNI News Release No. 4-11. 14 Feb. 2011.
The DNI has disclosed that the aggregate amount of appropriations requested for the National Intelligence Program for Fiscal Year 2012 is $55 billion. "Beyond the disclosure of the NIP top-line figure, there will be no other disclosures of currently classified budget information because such disclosures could harm national security."
Steven Aftergood, "A New Milestone in Intelligence Budget Disclosure," Secrecy News, 15 Feb. 2011, notes that "[t]he $55 billion requested for the NIP in FY 2012 represents a slight increase over the $53.1 billion appropriated for the NIP in FY 2010. The FY 2011 NIP appropriation has not yet been published. It is supposed to be disclosed at the end of the current fiscal year."
Best, Richard A., Jr. Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 20 Jan. 2011. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R40240.pdf.
"Since President Bush signed the FY2005 Intelligence Authorization bill (P.L. 108-487) in December 2004, no subsequent intelligence authorization legislation was enacted until the FY2010 bill was signed by President Obama in October 2010 (after the end of FY2010).... Although the October 2010 legislation was enacted too late to authorize spending during FY2010, the Act did include long-sought legislation provisions and reflected congressional determination to return to annual intelligence authorization acts."
Pincus, Walter. "Intelligence Spending at Record $80.1 Billion in First Disclosure of Overall Figure." Washington Post, 28 Oct. 2010. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"The government announced [on 28 October 2010] that it had spent $80.1 billion on intelligence activities over the past 12 months." The National Intelligence Program "cost $53.1 billion in fiscal 2010,... while the Military Intelligence Program cost an additional $27 billion." Intelligence spending at $80.1 billion represents "an increase of nearly 7 percent over the year before and a record high." SSCI Chairman Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) and HPSCI Chairman Rep. Silvestre Reyes (D-TX) are "calling for fiscal restraint on the part of the intelligence community."
Superville, Darlene. "Obama Signs Pair of Intelligence Bills into Law." Associated Press, 7 Oct. 2010. [http://www.ap.org]
"President Barack Obama signed a pair of intelligence bills into law" on 7 October 2010. One bill seeks to "improve oversight of sensitive spy operations"; the other seeks to "reduce the amount of threat information that is classified and kept from state and local authorities as a result." Clark comment: The Intelligence Authorization bill is the first such passed by Congress since 2004.
U.S. Congress. Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010. Public Law 111259 -- Oct. 7, 2010. At: http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=111_cong_public_laws&docid=f:publ259.111.pdf.
Waterman, Shaun. "Democrats Give Obama Secrecy for Intelligence: Only 'Gang of 8' Would Be Briefed." Washington Times, 30 Sep. 2010. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]
In passing "the first intelligence bill likely to become law in six years," House Democrats on 30 September 2010 "softened legislation that would have required broader notification of Congress about secret intelligence operations.... The deal means the president can continue to restrict briefings about these programs to just a handful of lawmakers, known as the 'Gang of Eight.'... Congress passed a bill in 2008, but President Bush vetoed it."
The compromise allows "the president to restrict briefings on covert action notification to the Gang of Eight," but requires him "to provide a statement of the reasons for the restrictions; and to provide 'a general description' of the program to other committee members. Every 180 days, officials would review the decision to restrict the briefings and issue a new statement of reasons to the Gang of Eight if the restrictions are to continue."
Other provisions of the bill "would allow declassification of the total annual U.S. intelligence budget, and would require reports to Congress about cost overruns in major secret acquisition programs"; would give the DNI "powers to launch reviews into errors or misconduct by intelligence officials, and could open the door to a new role for intelligence oversight by congressional investigators" in the GAO; and "would make the job of inspector general" for the ODNI "a Senate-confirmed post with broad statutory powers."
Associated Press. "US Spy Agencies' Spending Rises to $49.8 Billion." 30 Oct. 2009. [http://www.ap.org]
According to information released on 30 October 2009 by DNI Dennis Blair, the aggregate intelligence budget in fiscal year 2009 was $49.8 billion. This is $2 billion more than in 2008. However, individual agency details remain classified.
Aftergood, Steven. "FY 2008 NRO Budget Book Released." Secrecy News, 6 Nov. 2008. [http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy]
The NRO "has released a heavily redacted version of the Fiscal Year 2008 Congressional Budget Justification Book for the National Reconnaissance Program. It provides a few intriguing glimpses of the intelligence agency in transition."
CNN. "U.S. Intelligence Community Reveals 2008 Budget." 28 Oct. 2008. [http://www.cnn.com]
On 28 October 2008, the DNI announced that "[t]he U.S. national intelligence operations budget was $47.5 billion in fiscal year 2008.... The previous years figure was $43.5 billion."
Hess, Pamela. "US Spent $43.5 Billion on Intel in 2007." Associated Press, 30 Oct. 2007. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
According to DNI Mike McConnell on 30 October 2007, "[t]he U.S. government spent $43.5 billion on intelligence in 2007." The figure was released "under a new law implementing recommendations of the Sept. 11 commission.... Around 80 percent of the intelligence budget is consumed by military intelligence agencies, including the National Security Agency and the National Reconnaissance Office."
Walter Pincus, "2007 Spying Said to Cost $50 Billion," Washington Post, 30 Oct. 2007, A4, notes that when military spending is added to the figure released by the DNI, "aggregate U.S. intelligence spending for fiscal 2007 exceeded $50 billion." Mark Mazzetti, "$43.5 Billion Spying Budget for Year, Not Including Military," New York Times, 30 May 2006, adds that the figure released by McConnell is for those activities that are part of the National Intelligence Program.
Pincus, Walter. "House Panel Approves a Record $48 Billion for Spy Agencies." Washington Post, 4 May 2007, A7. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
On 30 April 2007, "[t]he House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence ... authorized U.S. intelligence agencies to spend an estimated $48 billion in fiscal 2008, the largest amount ever included in an intelligence bill, thanks to inclusion of funding efforts associated with the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.... In the past two years, Congress has failed to pass an intelligence authorization bill."
Pincus, Walter. "Who Stalled the Intelligence Bill?" Washington Post, 8 Mar. 2007, A21. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
On 6 March 2007, "[f]or what could become the third year in a row," the U.S. Senate failed to "pass an Intelligence Authorization Bill," because of "the objection of a lone Republican senator whose name is being protected by his colleagues.... Sen. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.), a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, was named by Congressional Quarterly [on 7 March 2007] as the member who put the bill on hold.... [S]ources said that they believe the hold is due to White House objections to specific provisions, including public disclosure of the national intelligence budget; a requirement for a report on secret CIA prisons; and response to information requests by the committee chairman and vice chairman within 30 days."
Pincus, Walter. "House Approves Intelligence Measure: Bill Would Not Limit Negroponte's Authority." Washington Post, 22 Jun. 2005, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
In approving the fiscal 2006 intelligence authorization bill on 21 June 2005, the U.S. House of Representatives eliminated language that would have limited the authority of DNI John D. Negroponte to transfer employees in intelligence agencies to new duties. "The amount of funding provided ... is classified but is estimated to be $42 billion."
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