Materials presented in reverse chronological order.
Gorman, Siobhan. "For Spy Agencies, Another Trim in Latest Obama Budget." Wall Street Journal, 7 Mar. 2014. [http://blogs.wsj.com/washwire/]
"President Barack Obama's $58.9 billion spending request [for all U.S. spy agencies] for 2015 reflects a 6% drop from the 2014 request of $62.8 billion, the director of national intelligence and the Pentagon said [on 6 March]. Total spy agency spending was $67.6 billion in 2013.... The military intelligence budget request took a larger percentage trim -- nearly 9% -- falling to $13.3 billion in the 2015 request from $14.6 billion for the 2104 budget. The budget request for non-military spy agencies like the Central Intelligence Agency dropped 5%. The $45.6 billion spending request for 2015 is $2.6 billion less than the 2014 request of $48.2 billion."
Office of the Director of National Intelligence. "DNI Releases Budget Figure for 2013 National Intelligence Program." ODNI News Release No. 24-13. 30 Oct. 2013. [http://www.dni.gov]
"The aggregate amount appropriated to the NIP for Fiscal Year 2013 was $52.7 billion, which was reduced by the amount sequestered to $49.0 billion."
Steven Aftergood, "Intelligence Spending Dropped Sharply Last Year." Secrecy News, 1 Nov. 2013, notes that declassified budget data for FY2013 discloses that "[t]otal U.S. intelligence spending last year declined by more than 10% ... the steepest one-year decline in intelligence spending since at least the end of the Cold War." The Department of Defense disclosed that the 2013 budget for the Military Intelligence Program was $19.2 billion, but that it was reduced by sequester to $18.6 billion."
Erwin, Marshall Curtis, and Amy Belasco. Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 5 Sep. 2013. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R42061.pdf.
"In the new era of fiscal austerity, the intelligence community will almost certainly face its share of budget cuts and it is likely that Members of Congress will review intelligence programs to ensure they are both effective and affordable."
Gellman, Barton, and Greg Miller. "U.S. Spy Network's Successes, Failures and Objectives Detailed in 'Black Budget' Summary." Washington Post, 29 Aug. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"The $52.6 billion 'black budget' for fiscal 2013, obtained by The Washington Post from ... Edward Snowden, maps a bureaucratic and operational landscape that has never been subject to public scrutiny.... Spending by the CIA has surged past that of every other spy agency, with $14.7 billion in requested funding for 2013.... Formally known as the Congressional Budget Justification for the National Intelligence Program, the 'top-secret' blueprint represents spending levels proposed to the House and Senate intelligence committees in February 2012. Congress may have made changes before the fiscal year began on Oct 1."
Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Budget Requests for 2014 Disclosed." Secrecy News, 11 Apr. 2013. [http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy]
The Office of the DNI disclosed on 10 April 2013 "that the FY 2014 budget request for the National Intelligence Program (NIP) is $48.2 billion. However, this figure excludes the pending funding request for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO).... The Secretary of Defense also disclosed the FY 2014 budget request for the Military Intelligence Program (MIP)..., which was $14.6 billion. It also did not include the funding request for Overseas Contingency Operations."
Erwin, Marshall Curtis. Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 25 Mar. 2013. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R40240.pdf.
"The challenge for the 113th Congress will be to help shape intelligence priorities while the intelligence community shifts from a decade of growth to a time of shrinking budgets. Reforms since 9/11 have attempted to create a more collaborative, integrated community. Reflecting that reality, intelligence priorities, and corresponding budget cuts, will be spread across six Cabinet departments and two independent agencies."
Benson, Pam. "Intelligence Budget Drops for First Time since 9/11." CNN, 30 Oct. 2012. [http://security.blogs.cnn.com]
DNI James Clapper released a statement on 30 October 2012 "revealing the budget for national intelligence programs in fiscal year 2012 was $53.9 billion, a 1 percent decrease from the previous year.... In fiscal year 2011, the United States spent $54.6 billion on intelligence, and $78.6 billion when military intelligence was added.... Earlier this year, the [DNI] announced the budget for fiscal year 2013 would drop further to $52.6 billion, an additional 2.4% decline."
Dozier, Kimberly. "House Votes To Spend More on 2013 Spy Budget than White House Wants, Signaling Fight To Come." Associated Press, 31 May 2012. [http://www.therepublic.com]
On 31 May 2012, the House voted 386-28 "to give the intelligence community a few billion dollars more" than the White House had requested in the 2013 intelligence budget. The Senate will need to "vote on its own version" of the intelligence budget. According to House Intelligence Committee Chairman Mike Rogers (R-MI), the White House had requested "$72 billion to fund spying activities in 2013, but the House voted for a 'modest' increase to pay for satellite and other spying technology." Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger, D-MD, noted that "the amount is 4 percent less than last year's budget," which "would put this year's House request at about $77 billion."
Grimmett, Richard F. Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 21 May 2012. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/R40240.pdf.
From "Summary": After "President Bush signed the FY2005 Intelligence Authorization bill ... in December 2004, no subsequent intelligence authorization legislation was enacted until the FY2010 bill was signed by President Obama in October 2010." In June 2011, the President signed the Intelligence Authorization Act for FY2011. Then, in January 2012, the President signed into law the Intelligence Authorization for FY2012. "The passage of these ... bills appears to reflect a determination to underscore the continuing need for specific annual intelligence authorization legislation."
Pincus, Walter, and Greg Miller. "Federal Budget 2013: Intelligence Agencies Would Get 4.4 Percent Less." Washington Post, 13 Feb. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
"President Obama's proposed fiscal 2013 budget contains $52.6 billion to fund the National Intelligence Program.... This is less than the $55 billion sought last year but closer to the amount approved for fiscal 2012 by Congress.... The proposed budget freezes the number of employees within the intelligence community and reduces the number of contractors."
Aftergood, Steven. "Congress Approves 2012 Intelligence Authorization." Secrecy News, 20 Dec. 2011. [http://www.fas.org/blog/secrecy]
"Congress last week enacted the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012." On 14 December 2011, SSCI Chair Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) said: "The legislation we are approving today keeps funding for intelligence essentially flat from fiscal year 2011, representing a meaningful reduction from the President's request."
Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Public Affairs Office. "DNI Releases Budget Figure for FY 2012 Appropriations Requested for the National Intelligence Program." ODNI News Release No. 4-11. 14 Feb. 2011. [http://www.dni.gov]
The DNI has disclosed that the aggregate amount of appropriations requested for the National Intelligence Program for Fiscal Year 2012 is $55 billion. "Beyond the disclosure of the NIP top-line figure, there will be no other disclosures of currently classified budget information because such disclosures could harm national security."
Steven Aftergood, "A New Milestone in Intelligence Budget Disclosure," Secrecy News, 15 Feb. 2011, notes that "[t]he $55 billion requested for the NIP in FY 2012 represents a slight increase over the $53.1 billion appropriated for the NIP in FY 2010. The FY 2011 NIP appropriation has not yet been published. It is supposed to be disclosed at the end of the current fiscal year."
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