GENERAL POST-WORLD WAR II

1950s

Works of General Intelligence Interest

S - Z

 

Samford, John A. [LTGEN] "The Intelligence Necessary to the Formulation of a Sound Strategy." Studies in Intelligence 1, no. 4 (Fall 1957): 1-9.

"The proper relationship of intelligence to strategy as a whole and particularly to any one strategic plan is best understood if intelligence is considered to be an identifying and measuring activity even more than a gathering or collecting process."

Stout, Mark. "The Pond: Running Agents for State, War, and the CIA." Studies in Intelligence 48, no. 3 (2004): 69-82. American Intelligence Journal 23 (2005): 17-27.

John "Frenchy" Grombach created the Pond in early 1942 and keep it operational for the next 13 years. The organization "spent most of its existence not as a government agency, but as a private sector organization, operating within real companies.... [footnote omitted] This practice contributed substantially to obscurity and security. However, three successive government agencies found that having such an independent intelligence operation -- and, worse yet, one run by a pugnacious, conspiratorial ideologue -- was more trouble than it was worth.... [T]he Pond's independence allowed it to play one American agency off against another, in this case particularly the FBI and the CIA. The Pond's exclusive ownership of its product meant that Grombach could disseminate to the FBI or other agencies information that the CIA might have been able to determine was bad."

Thomas, Evan. Ike's Bluff: President Eisenhower's Secret Battle to Save the World. New York: Little, Brown, 2012.

To Dujmovic, Studies 58.1 (Mar. 2014), Ike's Bluff "is a mixed bag and overall ... fails to meet [the author's] previous standard for serious history. I would recommend it, however, as a valuable psychological study and period piece that evokes the uncertainty and fears of the early Cold War." However, "Thomas's treatment of Allen Dulles ... is unbalanced and overly harsh, emphasizing the man's flaws but not the attributes that Eisenhower found so valuable." Even with its several shortcomings, "[a]s an introduction to the high stakes and stresses of the Cold War in the 1950s, Ike's Bluff would be a good choice for the general reader."

Goulden, Washington Times, 9 Nov. 2012, and Intelligencer 19.3 (Winter-Spring 2013), suggests that "[w]orks such as 'Ike’s Bluff' are encouraging historians and the media to take a closer and more objective look at Dwight D. Eisenhower."

Totrov, Yuri. "Western Intelligence Operations in Eastern Europe, 1945-1954." Journal of Intelligence History 5, no. 1 (Summer 2005). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

From Abstract: The author, a former KGB officer, "demonstrates how the British co-operated with the newly formed CIA and critically contemplates a secret conflict, in which western strategists underestimated their counterparts and refused to acknowledge realities on the frontline. Instead of stopping and assessing their losses, even more personnel and money was poured into what was proved to be an intelligence trap by Eastern services."

Tudda, Chris. The Truth Is Our Weapon: The Rhetorical Diplomacy of Dwight D. Eisenhower and John Foster Dulles. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. 2006.

According to Corke, I&NS 27.2 (Apr. 2009), the author "argues that Eisenhower and Dulles' [activist] 'rhetorical diplomacy' consistently overwhelmed its [status quo] private objectives." Tudda constructs "a coherent and solid argument. His thesis is clear and it runs consistently throughout the narrative.... Most notable, however, aside from the crisp writing style, is the brevity of his work."

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. A City Torn Apart: Building of the Berlin Wall, at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/historical-collection-publications/building-of-the-berlin-wall/index.html.

"[T]his collection covers the period of 1945 to the end of 1961. The ... documents, videos, and photographs show Berlin's journey from a battered post war region occupied by the Allies to a city literally divided.... This is a joint project with the National Archives and Records Administration-National Declassification Center and more materials can be found on the NARA website."

U.S. Department of State. Office of the Historian. Eds., Douglas Keane and Michael Warner. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1950-1955, The Intelligence Community, 1950-1955. [Available at: http://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1950-55Intel]

From "Preface": "This volume is organized along chronological lines in one large chapter covering 1950–1955, and a second chapter that includes the key National Security Council Intelligence Directives of the period.... The intelligence community under President Eisenhower in 1955 was a much more significant player and a more robust bureaucracy than it was under President Truman in the late 1940s. This volume documents that growth and development.... The editors did not seek to document the planning and implementation of specific intelligence operations, or to document the impact of intelligence appraisals upon specific foreign policy decisions or negotiations."

Wallace, Robert Daniel [LTCOL/USA]. "Eberstadt, Dulles and NSC 50: The Impetus for CIA Evolution through 1953." Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 5 (Oct. 2011): 620-638.

From "Abstract": "This article examines the formation of the CIA, discusses [the Eberstadt and Dulles] reports, national policy changes enacted in response, and relevance to the US intelligence community's current operations."

Yoder, Edwin M., Jr. Joe Alsop's Cold War: A Study of Journalistic Influence and Intrigue. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Brinkley, WPNWE, 8-14 May 1995, says that "Yoder's engaging and perceptive book describes Alsop in his prime, from roughly the end of World War II to the early 1960s.... [I]t makes clear why Alsop was simultaneously so respected and so reviled -- and why he perhaps deserved to be both.... Yoder is appropriately skeptical of Alsop's many flaws and eccentricities.... But this is an affectionate and admiring portrait nonetheless.... Yoder conveys both his strengths and weaknesses with the clear eyes of a good reporter and the sensitivity of a true friend." Warren, Surveillant 4.4/5, concurs in this judgment, calling Joe Alsop's Cold War "a charming book about the distinctly uncharming Joe Alsop."

Yurechko, John. "The Day Stalin Died: American Plans for Exploiting the Soviet Succession Crisis of 1953." Journal of Strategic Studies 3 (May 1980): 44-73.

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