Q - Z


Richelson, Jeffrey T. "Intelligence Secrets and Unauthorized Disclosures: Confronting Some Fundamental Issues." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 25, no. 4 (Winter 2012-2013): 639-677.

"[T]here are good reasons to cast a very critical eye at any suggestion that those outside of government, particularly the media, should let the classification system serve as a guide to the suitability of reporting on or discussing U.S. intelligence activities."

Rovner, Joshua. Fixing the Facts: National Security and the Politics of Intelligence. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2011.

Freedman, FA 91.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2012), says Rovner addresses the issue of politicization "in a neat and systematic manner." For Wirtz, IJI&C 25.1 (Spring 2012), this "is a provocative contribution to the literature of intelligence." Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), finds that in this "stimulating and challenging contribution," the author "analyzes the problem from a political science point of view."

Rovner, Joshua. "Intelligence in the Twitter Age." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 26, no. 2 (Summer 2013): 260-271.

"While social media have created an explosion in new sources of information, the rise of private sector intelligence has intensified competition for policymakers' attention. Both issues raise important questions about whether and how traditional intelligence agencies can remain relevant to policymakers and contribute something useful to the policy process."

Sagar, Rahul. Secrets and Leaks: The Dilemma of State Secrecy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.

Manosevitz, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), says the author "provides a thoughtful and well-researched analysis of the regulation of intelligence activities.... [H]e takes care to address the vast literature dealing with US intelligence programs....The chapters read like short, self-contained lectures." Sagar argues that whistleblowers, anonymous leakers, and the press are "the most effective [actors] in keeping the executive in check because they galvinize the judiciary and Congress into action."

Sanger, David E. Confront and Conceal: Obama's Secret Wars and Surprising Use of American Power. New York: Crown, 2012.

Mead, FA 91.6 (Nov.-Dec. 2012), calls this an "astonishingly revealing insider's account of the Obama administration's foreign policy process." For Peake, Studies 56.4 (Dec. 2012), this "is a comprehensive interpretive history of foreign policy in the Obama administration." It "is an absorbing book. Its analysis is rigorous, and its judgments have the ring of truth."

Schmitt, Eric, and Thom Shanker. Counterstrike: The Untold Story of Americas Secret Campaign Against Al-Qaeda. New York: Times Books, 2011.

According to Leebaert, Washington Post, 9 Sep. 2011, the book "offers solid reporting of the wins and losses in a 10-year campaign. But it falls short on its promise to illuminate some creative U.S. strategies. In their analysis of the calculus of deterrence, Schmitt and Shanker neglect to assess the costs to one's own side." Peake, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), comments that this is "an important book that puts the current terrorism threat in a real-world perspective." For Thomas, Military Review (Jul.-Aug. 2012), this book "reminds policymakers of the complexity of dealing with a nonstate enemy who picks battles on his terms."

Scott, Len, R. Gerald Hughes, and Martin S. Alexander, eds.

1. "Special Issue on 'Change, Crisis and Transformation: Challenges for Western Intelligence in the Twenty-First Century.'" Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 1 (Feb. 2009): entire issue.

"This collection is based on the 'Choices for Western Intelligence: The Security Challenges of the Twenty-First Century' Conference, at University of Wales Conference Centre, Gregynog, 28-30 April 2007."

Click for Table of Contents.

2. Intelligence and International Security: New Perspectives and Agendas. London: Routledge, 2011.

This is an updated version of 1 above. The first chapter after the introduction is now R. Gerald Hughes and Len Scott, "The Future of Intelligence: Seeking Perfection in an Imperfect World?", pp. 6-24.

Peake, Studies55.3 (Sep. 2011), finds this volume to be "a practical, thought-provoking, and weighty contribution to the literature." The exception to that praise is the article by Jeffreys-Jones, which includes inaccurate historical background and "undocumented opinions."

To Lefebvre, IJI&C 25.1 (Spring 2012), this volume lacks "a coherent and well-articulated theme," but it "does reflect the quality and effort put into each chapter by its contributing scholars." Goodman, I&NS 27.4 (Aug. 2012), expresses a similar view, noting that while this work "contains interestying contributions, it suffers structurally and does not hang together as well as it might."

Steele, Robert David. Intelligence for Earth: Clarity, Diversity, Integrity, Sustainability. Oakton, VA: Earth Intelligence Network; 2010. [Available at:]

From author: "This book is intended to be a catalyst for the creation of the United Nations Open-Source Decision-Support Information Network (UNODIN), and the establishment of the Office of the Assistant Secretary General for Decision-Support (ASG/DS). Should a sufficiency of the Member nations concur, this book also provides a model for creating a Multinational Decision-Support Centre (MDSC) using the military as a hub for global access to unclassified information from the other seven tribes of intelligence [academia, civil society, commerce, government, law enforcement, media, and non-profit or non-governmental] combined with multinational sense-making and unclassified decision-support for stabilization & reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief operations."

Tucker, David. The End of Intelligence: Espionage and State Power in the Information Age. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014.

Freedman, FA 94.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2015), notes the author concludes that "the information age has been less transformational than supposed." States have likely benefited the most from new technologies. For Maffeo, Proceedings 141.2 (Feb. 2015), Tucker "presents an impressive and broad analysis of [the] vibrant history and current condition" of intelligence. This "is a perceptive and thoughtful contribution to the literature." Peake, Studies 59.2 (Jun. 2015), finds that this work "presents some unusual concepts, all of which challenge the mind. Making sense of them, as formulated, is a project without end."

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Intelligence Community and Policymaker Integration: A Studies in Intelligence Anthology. Washington, DC: 2014. []

"This compendium of previously published articles from Studies in Intelligence spans some fifty years and focuses on key aspects of the Intelligence Community (IC) relationship with US policymakers.... [T]hese essays touch upon fundamental issues that perpetually test intelligence producers and consumers alike -- issues at the heart of current day controversies swirling around the US Intelligence Community."

Walsh, Patrick F. "Building Better Intelligence Frameworks Through Effective Governance." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 28, no. 1 (Spring 2015): 123-142.

Warner, Michael. "Reflections on Technology and Intelligence Systems." Intelligence and National Security 27, no. 1 (Feb. 2012): 133-153.

The literature on "the influence of technological change per se on intelligence systems" pays "surprisingly little attention to larger trends and their meaning." This "means we have an incomplete understanding of what happened in the past.... [And] it leaves us with few clues for understanding another wave of technological change washing over the intelligence profession at this time .... Looking at the second [digital] revolution in the light of the first [analog] can give us important clues to what to watch for in coming years."

Wilson, Brian [CAPT/USN (Ret.)] "Making Stovepipes Work." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 137, no. 10 (Oct. 2011).

The Maritime Operational Threat Response (MOTR) plan "implemented in 2006 brought unified U.S. responses to transnational threats. It could provide a template for interagency cooperation as such threats expand in scope and complexity."

Wippl, Joseph W. "The Future of American Espionage." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 27, no. 2 (Summer 2014): 387-396.

This is an interesting view (essentially a specialized op-ed) from one knowledgeable individual.

Wirtz, James J., and Jon J. Rosenwasser "From Combined Arms to Combined Intelligence: Philosophy, Doctrine and Operations." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 6 (Dec. 2010): 725-743.

This article "advances the combined arms concept as a way to foster synergies across the intelligence disciplines.... It describes the strengths and weaknesses of each discipline in forming an analytic foundation for such a 'combined intelligence' and calls for developing theory to integrate the intelligence disciplines."

Zegart, Amy B. "'Spytainment': The Real Influence of Fake Spies." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 23, no. 4 (Winter 2010-2011): 599-622.

"American citizens are steeped in misperceptions about what intelligence agencies actually do, and misplaced expectations about how well they can do it." The author attributes this state of affairs to "classification creep" and the "culture of secrecy," and concludes that "whereas spy fiction is plentiful, spy facts are hard to come by."

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