E - M


Earnest, Peter, and Maryann Karinch. Business Confidential: Lessons for Corporate Success from Inside the CIA. New York: AMACOM, 2011.

Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011) and Intelligencer 19.1 (Winter-Spring 2012), finds that this book "is both a career memoir and a bold challenge to rethink some of the frequent criticisms leveled at the CIA. Whether the book presents new material and ideas is for business readers to decide. But, at a minimum, it makes a strong argument that the intelligence profession has much in common with the way corporate America does business."

Erwin, Marshall Curtis, and Amy Belasco. Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 5 Sep. 2013. Available at:

"In the new era of fiscal austerity, the intelligence community will almost certainly face its share of budget cuts and it is likely that Members of Congress will review intelligence programs to ensure they are both effective and affordable."

Etzioni, Amitai. "The Great Drone Debate." Military Review (Mar.-Apr. 2013): 2-13. []

"[W]e should carefully deliberate before we join or initiate any new armed fights, but draw on drones extensively, if fight we must. They are more easily scrutinized and reviewed, and are more morally justified, than any other means of warfare available."

Friedman, Andrew. Covert Capital: Landscapes of Denial and the Making of US Empire in the Suburbs of Northern Virginia. Oakland, CA: University of California Press, 2013.

Ehrman, Studies 58.2 (Jun. 2014), warns that this "work is overtly political, descending from revisionist histories of US expansionism and imperialism." In addition, it is the product of "horrendous writing." The author "employs tedious postmodern academic jargon to find and explain profound significance in the most mundane aspects of life. This leads him to build complex paragraphs out of long, convoluted sentences." This "ineven book" is "at once captivating, informative, and thought provoking, but also infuriating, simplistic, and disappointing."

Gates, Robert M. Duty: Memoirs of a Secretary at War.New York: Knopf, 2014.

Dujmovic, Studies 58.2 (Jun. 2014), characterizes Duty as "good history." It is a "little odd," however, that "Gates does not treat intelligence as part of his routine as a senior policymaker." But he does write "eloquently and with deep knowledge about every foreign defense and security situation he confronts." This is "a lively, detailed, heartfelt, engaging book that describes the last chapter of an extraordinary career." For Mead, FA 93.2 (Mar.-Apr. 2014), this is an "engaging and candid memoir" that "has much to teach about the practical idealism that represents the best kind of American leadership."

To Jaffe, Washington Post, 7 Jan. 2014, "Gates takes the reader inside the war-room deliberations of Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama and delivers unsentimental assessments of each man's temperament, intellect and management style." Lubold, Foreign Policy, 9 Jan. 2014, says Gates' reputation "seems diminished by the scrappy, petty nature of many of his criticisms -- even though some are substantive and legitimate -- and a legacy he seemed quietly determined to protect may be permanently reduced to something less than what it once was."

Hackman, J. Richard. Collaborative Intelligence: Using Teams to Solve Hard Problems. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler, 2011.

According the Peake. Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), the author's research is based on "observing IC teams at work, and while the results were found to be applicable to teams in general ... the focus of this book is on intelligence.... Those considering careers in intelligence, those recently employed in the profession, and seasoned professionals will find Collaborative Intelligence a well documented, very valuable source of proven concepts."

Hall, Wayne Michael, and Gary Citrenbaum. Intelligence Collection: How to Plan and Execute Intelligence Collection in Complex Environments. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger Security International, 2012.

Peake, Studies 57.2 (Jun. 2013), comments that "the absence of practical examples of their ideas, and a turgid narrative that borders on the aggressively boring, does not work" to the advantage of the authors. "Readers are left wondering just what 'advanced intelli- gence collection' really is and how it differs from current practice." For Poteat, Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), this work needs to be paired with the authors' earlier volume on analysis.

Hammond, Thomas H. "Intelligence Organizations and the Organization of Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 4 (Winter 2010-2011): 680-724.

The author works through a substantial amount of literature on organizational design for the Intelligence Community. However, "[t]he design of an appropriate structure for the Intelligence Community cannot be guaranteed to prevent intelligence failures," since institutional structure is only one of the problems behind such failures.

Haslam, Jonathan, and Karina Urbach, eds. Secret Intelligence in the European States System, 1918-1989. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.2 (Jun. 2014), comments that the contributors to this edited work assess "the impact of strategic intelligence on seven topics, while setting out the scholarly prerequisites for future historians."

Hatlebrekke, Kjetil Anders, and M.L.R. Smoith. "Towards a New Theory of Intelligence Failure? The Impact of Cognitive Closure and Discourse Failure." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 2 (Apr. 2010): 147-182.

From "Abstract": "Intelligence operators ... perceive reality filtered through all sorts of implicit and explicit ideological prisms, and these ideologies, whether they are political assumptions or social orthodoxies, manifest themselves as cognitive closure, and shape the discourse in intelligence organizations, as well as between these organizations and society at large."

Javers, Eamon. Broker, Trader, Lawyer, Spy: The Secret World of Corporate Espionage. New York: HarperCollins, 2010.

Peake, Studies 55.1 (Mar. 2011), says that the author "tells some fascinating stories of corporate espionage and security operations." The book "is well written and documented."

Johnson, Chalmers. Dismantling the Empire: America's Last Best Hope. New York: Holt, 2010.

Peake, Studies 55.1 (Mar. 2011), notes that the author "criticizes the United States for being 'a foreign imperialist'" and attacks the CIA for "its putative ineptitude" in Iraq and Afghanistan. Johnson recommends "that the CIA be abolished and replaced" by State's INR. This work "lacks sources, offers no alternative solutions, and does not assess the practical impact of the recommendations."

Lahneman, William J. "The Need for a New Intelligence Paradigm." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 201-225.

"The United States and other countries need to develop a new apparatus of government capable of integrating vast streams of information from a number of foreign and domestic sources if transnational threats are to be combated successfully."

Leslau, Ohad. "The Effect of Intelligence on the Decisionmaking Process." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 3 (Fall 2010): 426-448.

The author seeks to examine "the role and position of the intelligence services in the decisionmaking process at the highest level of the national security arena."

Macrakis, Kristie. Prisoners, Lovers, & Spies: The Story of Invisible Ink from Herodotus to al-Qaeda. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014.

For Peake, Studies 58.3 (Sep. 2014), this "thought-provoking history of SW [secret writing] and secret communications ... is a valuable contribution to the literature." Goulden, Washington Times, 13 May 2014 and Intelligencer 20.3 (Spring-Summer 2014), calls this "an utterly fascinating account" of the evolution of secret writing, and advises "Read this book." To Fischer, IJI&C 28.1 (Spring 2015), "Macrakis has thoroughly researched her subject, providing considerable information to historians, intelligence officers, and the general public."

Miller, Bowman H. "The Death of Secrecy: Need to Know...with Whom to Share." Studies in Intelligence 55, no. 3 (Sep. 2011): 13-18.

"The rolling disclosures from the 2010-11 WikiLeaks scandal ... are having a chilling effect on the reporting that policy makers and analysts rely upon for interpretive perspective, cogent assessment, and informed policy formulation and implementation."

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