POST-COLD WAR

2006

Materials presented in chronological order.

Page, Jeremy. "Spies Collect More Toys as Cold War Turns to Hot Peace." Times (London), 25 Jan. 2006. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

"[I]f intelligence experts are correct,... Western spy agencies [are] step[ping] up their operations in Russia to a level not seen since the Soviet collapse.... Western intelligence services said last year that Russia had aggressively escalated its spying ... since President Putin... took power in 2000.... What is less widely publicised is that US and British intelligence have also been actively recruiting Russian-speaking agents in tandem with Russia's growing economic and political clout."

Babington, Charles. "Senate Intelligence Panel Frayed by Partisan Infighting." Washington Post, 12 Mar. 2006, A9. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The Senate intelligence committee, once a symbol of bipartisan oversight, is now so torn by partisan warfare that it can barely function in a time of sharp national debate over intelligence matters, according to several analysts, officials and past and current members."

Best, Richard A., Jr. Intelligence Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Updated 9 May 2006. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/IB10012.pdf.

Issues in the 109th Congress: Quality of Analysis; Implementation of the Intelligence Reform Act (P.L. 108-458); ISR Programs; Terrorist Surveillance Program/NSA Electronic Surveillance; Role of the CIA; Role of the FBI; Paramilitary Operations; Regional Concerns; CIA and Allegations of Prisoner Abuse.

Vedantam, Shankar. "Polygraph Test Results Vary Among Agencies: Discrepancies Affect Security Clearances." Washington Post, 20 Jun. 2006, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Differences in the way Intelligence Community members handle the polygraph leads to one agency accepting an individual and another turning that person down. "Even those who believe in the value of polygraphs acknowledge that they are far from objective. Using a polygraph device ... is like searching in a dark room for an object whose shape is unknown. It is the examiner's job not only to figure out if someone is a spy but also to search for character flaws or past actions... that might make a person unfit to handle sensitive information."

Peters, Ralph [LTCOL/USA (Ret.)]. "Our Strategic Intelligence Problem." realclearpolitics.com, 26 Aug. 2006. [http://www.realclearpolitics.com]

"Our national intelligence system will never meet our unrealistic expectations, nor can it ever answer all of our needs.... [O]ur fantastic expectations must be lowered to a level more in accord with our present and potential capabilities. And we must end the ... practice of blaming flawed intelligence for broader policy failures.... [T]he U.S. intelligence community has become a too-convenient scapegoat for erroneous decisions made by ... leaders indifferent to the substance of intelligence, but alert to the advantages of politics. If we want to improve our comprehensive security, we need to begin with a sharp dose of realism regarding what intelligence can and cannot deliver."

Aftergood, Steven. "DNI Intelligence Community Directives Disclosed." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 30 Aug. 2006. [http://www.fas.org]

The DNI has instituted a new system of policy statements for the Intelligence Community -- Intelligence Community Directives (ICDs). The new directives replace the former Director of Central Intelligence Directives (DCIDs). The DNI is also issuing "a series of Intelligence Community Policy Memorandums (ICPMs), which are initial statements of policy that have not yet been formalized as an ICD." ICDs are available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/icd/index.html; and ICPMs are available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/icpm/index.html.

Miller, Greg. "Spy Agencies Outsourcing to Fill Key Jobs." Los Angeles Times, 17 Sep. 2006. [http://www.latimes.com]

"Largely because of the demands of the war on terrorism and the drawn-out conflict in Iraq, U.S. spy agencies have turned to unprecedented numbers of outside contractors to perform jobs once the domain of government-employed analysts and secret agents." DNI John D. Negroponte has "ordered a comprehensive study of the use of contractors.... Ronald Sanders, a senior intelligence official[,]" is in charge of the study. The CIA has "turned to contractors to plug deep holes left by staff cuts and hiring freezes in the 1990s."

Miller, Greg. "A Bold Upstart With CIA Roots." Los Angeles Times, 17 Sep. 2006. [http://www.latimes.com]

"In the burgeoning field of intelligence contractors, an especially aggressive upstart is Abraxas Corp., a privately held company that has assembled a deep roster of CIA veterans to handle a wide range of clandestine assignments -- including secret work for an elite team of overseas case officers."

Pincus,Walter. "Gates May Rein In Pentagon Activities: Nominee Has Opposed Defense Department's Dominance in Intelligence Efforts." Washington Post, 14 Nov. 2006, A12. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to "experts inside and outside the government and on Capitol Hill," Robert M. Gates' nomination to be defense secretary "has begun to ease concerns in the intelligence community about the rapid growth of Pentagon intelligence activities." The former DCI "has a long history of opposing expansive Pentagon intelligence activities. He has voiced unease about roles being taken over by Pentagon personnel."

Mazzetti, Mark, and Jeff Zeleny. "Next Chairman for Intelligence Opposed War." New York Times, 2 Dec. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Incoming House speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) has named Texas congressman Silvestre Reyes to be the next chairman of the House intelligence committee. Reyes is "a former Border Patrol agent and Vietnam combat veteran." He "voted against authorizing President Bush to go to war with Iraq." In September 2006, he "blasted the White House's justifications for the National Security Agency wiretapping program." Reyes taks over "a committee that in recent years has become one of Congress's most dysfunctional and partisan panels."

Thompson, Clive. "Open-Source Spying." New York Times, 3 Dec. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"When the intelligence services were computerized in the '90s, they ... digitally replicated their cold-war divisions -- each one building a multimillion-dollar system that allowed the agency to share information internally but not readily with anyone outside." Dale Meyerrose, the DNI's chief information officer, has "the daunting task of developing mechanisms to allow the various agencies' aging and incompatible systems to swap data." The article also discusses the use of such approaches to information sharing in the intelligence community as Intelink, Intellipedia, wikis, and blogs.

Miller, Greg. "U.S. Seeks to Rein in Its Military Spy Teams." Los Angeles Times, 18 Dec. 2006. [http://www.latimes.com]

According to senior U.S. intelligence and military officials, U.S. Special Forces teams, known as military liaison elements (MLEs), that have been "sent overseas on secret spying missions have clashed with the CIA and carried out operations in countries that are staunch U.S. allies, prompting a new effort by the agency and the Pentagon to tighten the rules for military units engaged in espionage."

The MLEs are deployed "to American embassies to serve as intelligence operatives.... The troops typically work in civilian clothes and function much like CIA case officers, cultivating sources in other governments or Islamic organizations. One objective, officials said, is to generate information that could be used to plan clandestine operations such as capturing or killing terrorism suspects."

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