POST-COLD WARI

2003

General

 

Materials presented in chronological order.

[Roberts, Pat.] "News Release: Republican Members of Intelligence Committee Officially Elect Senator Roberts as Chairman." 7 Jan. 2003. [http://www.senate.gov/~roberts/01-07a-2003.htm]

On 7 January 2003, U.S. Senator Pat Roberts (R-KS) was elected by the Republican members of the SSCI to serve as Chairman for the 108th Congress.

Bumiller, Elisabeth. "Bush Orders a 3-Year Delay in Opening Secret Documents." New York Times, 26 Mar. 2003. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 25 March 2003, President George W. Bush "signed an executive order that will delay the release of millions of government documents and make it easier for presidents and their administrations to keep historical records secret." The order "amends a less restrictive order signed by President Bill Clinton that would have required automatic declassification on April 17 [2003] of most government documents 25 years or older. Mr. Bush's order postpones that declassification for three more years, to Dec. 31, 2006."

Clark comment: Text of the amended Executive Order 12958, "Classified National Security Information," is available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/bush/eoamend.html. The transcript of a "White House Conference Call Background Briefing" on the Executive Order is available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/news/2003/03/wh032503.html. See also, Dana Milbank and Mike Allen, "Release of Documents Is Delayed; Classified Papers To Be Reviewed," Washington Post, 26 Mar. 2003, A15.

Shane, Scott. "Some Worry U.S. May Bend Facts for Policy." Baltimore Sun, 4 Apr. 2003. [http://www.baltimoresun.com]

"The Bush administration's unswerving position that Saddam Hussein's regime poses a direct threat to the United States ... poses a dilemma for the nation's ... intelligence agencies: What happens when their findings clash with the assumptions behind U.S. policy? Some former intelligence officers and historians say they are seeing a worrisome pattern of Vietnam-style politicization of intelligence....

"After Sept. 11, 2001, the intelligence agencies came under fire for failing to put together the clues in time to thwart the terrorist attacks. Now some critics are saying the agencies have gathered relevant information about Iraq, but it has been overwhelmed by the strong convictions of the president and his top advisers....

"On occasion, aware of the dangers of spin, presidents have gone out of their way to be sure intelligence officers are indeed telling it like it is, says J. Ransom Clark, a retired CIA officer. "John Kennedy used to pick up the phone and call the desk officers in the CIA or state department," Clark says. "It drove the supervisors crazy, but Kennedy was trying to reduce the number of times the information he got went through a strainer."

Pincus, Walter, and Dana Priest. "Spy Agencies Faulted: Senate Cites Lack of Coordination." Washington Post, 13 May 2003, A17. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to the SSCI's report on the FY 2004 intelligence spending authorization bill, there should be "more cooperation and less competition between the Defense Department's intelligence agencies and the rest of the intelligence community, including the CIA.... Although the total for intelligence spending in fiscal 2004 is classified, the best estimate is about $38 billion, of which more than $30 billion goes to Pentagon agencies," including the DIA, NSA, and NIMA. "An estimated $4.7 billion will go to the CIA, and the rest to the FBI and the State, Treasury and Homeland Security departments."

The committee also called on NSA "to end resistance to sharing raw data, much of which it has no time to process, with analysts from other intelligence agencies." In addition, NSA's "acquisition of large, expensive signals intelligence systems was described as needing oversight. 'The lack of a fundamentally sound acquisition process . . . raises concerns with respect to the efficiency and execution of major acquisitions,' the report said."

Whoriske, Peter. "The Stuff of Cold War History: Son of U-2 Pilot Finds Former Lorton Prison a Prime Spot for Museum." Washington Post, 15 May 2003, B1. [http://www.washingtonpost. com]

Francis Gary Powers Jr., son of the U-2 spy plane pilot, wants to locate a Cold War Museum in the women's dormitories at the former Lorton prison.

Bryant, Robert, et al. "Special Report: America Needs More Spies -- Intelligence and Security." Economist, U.S. edition, 12 Jul. 2003.

Ackerman, Robert K. "Horizontal Integration Challenges Intelligence Planners." Signal, Oct. 2003. [http://www.afcea.org/signal/]

"Charles E. Allen is the assistant director of central intelligence for collection" at the CIA. "An intelligence official for more than 40 years, Allen also heads or serves on intelligence boards that are focusing on how to break down long-standing barriers to efficient and effective intelligence transfer at various levels. He believes that horizontal integration must occur across both technologies and disciplines -- and as quickly as possible.... Allen offers that 'fairly phenomenal' progress has been made among intelligence community leaders since the September 11 attacks. However, the community is not where it needs to be yet."

Efron, Sonni, and Greg Miller. "Intelligence Veteran Faults Iraq Arms Data." Los Angeles Times, 29 Oct. 2003. [http://www.latimes.com]

Carl W. Ford, Jr., newly retired former assistant secretary of State for intelligence and research (INR), said on 28 October 2003 that "the U.S. intelligence community 'badly underperformed' for years in assessing Iraq's weapons of mass destruction."

Farah, Douglas, and Dan Eggen. "Joint Intelligence Center Is Urged: Rep. Wolf Says Information Should Be Shared Globally to Fight Terror." Washington Post, 21 Dec. 2003, A25. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

In a letter to Attorney General John D. Ashcroft and FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III, Rep. Frank R. Wolf (R-VA), chairman of the Appropriations subcommittee that oversees the FBI budget, has asked that "the United States to take the lead in establishing a joint intelligence center modeled on NATO to share information on terrorist money and movements."

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