POST-COLD WAR

1990s

General

K - P

Kay, David. Denial and Deception: Iraq and Beyond. Working Group on Intelligence Reform Series. Washington, DC: Consortium for the Study of Intelligence, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: Kay, a former UN Nuclear Weapons Inspector in Iraq, "argues that the ability to conduct sophisticated denial and deception operations is spreading and widely available to countries that might have secret arms programs to conceal, posing a serious challenge for U.S. collection and analytic capabilities."

Kessler, Pamela. Undercover Washington: Touring the Sites Where Famous Spies Lived, Worked, and Loved. McLean, VA: EPM Publications, Inc., 1992.

FILS 11.2 describes this as a "whimsical guide to some 60 sites ... where 'spies' lived, lunched, and rendezvoused." Surveillant 2.4 calls it a "splendid guide to one of the spy capitals of the world."

Kitfield, James. "Looking for Trouble." National Journal, 18 May 1996, 1094-1098.

"Despite cutbacks and a rash of scandals, America's intelligence community is poised to assume an even more prominent role in U.S. national security ranks. Critics say the community ... is overdue for an overhaul."

Knoll, Erwin. "The Spy Game." Progressive, Jan. 1992, 36-40.

This article consists of brief reviews of several intelligence-related books: Mangold, Cold Warrior; Persico, Casey; A. & L. Cockburn, Dangerous Liaison; Gentry, Hoover; Theoharis, Secret Files; and Jensen, Army Surveillance.

Kolasky, Bob. "Down, But Not Out." IntellectualCapital.com, 18 Jun. 1998. [http://www.intellectualcapital.com]

The topic here is the current state of the U.S. intelligence community. Whatever this article has to offer in the way of commentary is submerged by some egregious mistakes: Adm. David Jeremiah is not "the acting director of the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO)"; Sen. Bob Kerrey is not a Republican from Nebraska; and in discussing the intelligence budget, declaring that "the official number is classified" at this late date is shoddy research at best.

Laqueur, Walter A. "The Future of Intelligence." Society 35, no. 2 (Jan.-Feb. 1998): 301-311.

Loeb, Vernon. "Weaving a Web of Secrets: Intranet Transforms Intelligence Sharing." Washington Post, 1 Dec. 1998, A23. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Imagery, communications intercepts and all manner of intelligence reports move in seconds across an intelligence community intranet called Intelink, a top-secret, super-secure network that has revolutionized the dissemination of U.S. intelligence and become a potent, searchable analytic tool for analysts and military officers all over the world.

"Fredrick Thomas Martin, a former National Security Agency official, tells how all this happened in a new book called 'Top Secret Intranet,' describing a journey through cyberspace in which the nation's 13 intelligence agencies have gone from zealously guarding their own secrets to sharing many of them over what the book touts as 'the world's largest, most secure network.'"

Loescher, Michael S. [LTCDR/USN] "New Intelligence Networks Improve Command, Control." Signal, Aug. 1990, 45 ff.

Mason, Simon. Secret Signals: The Euronumbers Mystery. Lake Geneva, WI: Tiare Publications, 1992.

Surveillant 2.4: "[M]ystery stations sending out coded numbers night and day, all over the shortwave radio bands."

Moll, Kenneth. "Intelligence at the Crossroads." American Sentinal 2, no. 13 (28 Mar. 1993): 6.

Moynihan, Daniel P.

1. "The Culture of Secrecy." Public Interest 128 (Summer 1997): 55-72.

2. "Secrecy as Government Regulation." PS Political Science and Politics 30, no. 2 (Jun. 1997): 160-165.

3. Secrecy: The American Experience. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998.

Knott, Review of Politics 61.2, sees Moynihan urging "a return to a pre-World War I 'culture of openness,' that will ... free the United States from the bondage of its twentieth-century obsession with concealment.... However, Moynihan underemphasizes the early origins of American secrecy...: as a result his entire work is tainted by a distorted understanding of American principles and practice." Nevertheless, Moynihan "rightly argues that the government is too quick to classify documents," and he "makes a plausible case that compartmentalizing information impairs the ability of analysts and policymakers to respond intelligently to events."

For Friend, IJI&C 12.4, "the senator doesn't bother to address certain practical problems" and "is unable to convincingly make his case that overclassification or even mere classification has 'blighted prudent policymaking.'"

National Intelligence Council. Global Trends 2010. Washington, DC: NIC, Feb. 1997; rev. ed. Nov. 1997. Available at: http://www.dni.gov/nic/special_globaltrends2010.html.

From "Scope Note": "In fall 1996, the National Intelligence Council (NIC) and the Institute for National Strategic Studies (INSS) held a series of conferences ... to identify key global trends and their impact on major regions and countries of the globe.... Participants in the conferences were drawn from academic institutions, journalism, business, the US Government, and other professions.... Global Trends 2010 is the result of the conference deliberations as well as follow-on discussions chaired by Dr. Richard Cooper, then-Chairman of the NIC."

Owens, William A. [ADM/USN (Ret.)] "Intelligence in the 21st Century." Defense Intelligence Journal 7, no. 1 (Spring 1998): 25-45.

"The US Intelligence Community must either seek to lead and promote the on-going transformation of the US military, or bear much of the responsibility for a US failure to seize the opportunities provided by our lead in military technologies during a propitious period in world history.... [A]s we pass through the American Revolution in Military Affairs we will move increasingly toward the operational integration of the service components. The future is a joint future and, to be consistent with that future, the Intelligence Community must also move toward consolidation if it is to continue to enable the application of American military power as well as it should."

Petersen, Martin. "What We Should Demand from Intelligence." National Security Studies Quarterly 5 (Spring 1999): 107-113.

Pincus, Walter. "Russian Spies on Rise Here: Administration Worried About 'Aggressive' Economic Espionage." Washington Post, 21 Sep. 1999, A3. [http://www.washingtonpost. com]

"Three years ago, there was an unexplained increase in the number of Russian intelligence officers operating in this country, according to administration and congressional sources. The increase, which has not abated, reversed the almost 30 percent decline in the number of Russian operatives in the United States that had taken place after the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union, the sources said. Much of the increase appears to be among Russian military intelligence officers who are engaged in economic espionage."

Pincus, Walter. "Senators Question Polygraph Use: 'Potential Unreliability' of Test Spurs Drive for FBI, CIA Analysis of Alternatives." Washington Post, 24 Jul. 1999, A2. [http://www. washingtonpost.com]

The SSCI has directed "the CIA and FBI to explore alternatives to polygraphing because of the 'potential unreliability' of the so-called lie-detector exams."

Pincus, Walter. "U.S. Preparedness Faulted: Weapons of Mass Destruction Concern Panel." Washington Post, 9 Jul. 1999, A2. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A report from a bipartisan commission headed by former DCI John M. Deutch, the Commission to Assess the Organization of the Federal Government to Combat the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction, calls "the U.S. government unprepared to prevent or cope with a chemical, biological or nuclear attack." The commission recommends "the appointment of a national director to coordinate the nation's defense against weapons of mass destruction.... The new national director for combating proliferation would sit on the National Security Council and chair a group of senior officials who would coordinate policy. Such a structure might not 'solve' the problem, the report says, but it would at least provide a comprehensive and thorough approach."

Pincus, Walter, and R. Jeffrey Smith. "A Real Spy Thriller." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 21-27 Nov. 1994, 32.

"The Republican election victory is likely to slow the Clinton administration's planned reductions in intelligence spending and may also help keep embattled CIA Director R. James Woolsey in office a while longer."

Putney, Diane T. "Reflections on Intelligence and History." American Intelligence Journal 13, no. 3 (Summer 1992): 85-87.

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