FRANCE

Overviews

G - M

Guisnel Jean, and Bernard Violet. Services secrets. Le pouvoir et les services de renseignement sous la présidence de François Mitterand. Paris: La Découverte, 1988.

Heisbourg, François. Espionnage et renseignement [Espionage and Intelligence]. Paris: Odile Jacob, 2012.

Lefebvre, IJI&C 26.4 (Winter 2013-2014), says the author "has written a book littered with good judgments and a sound appreciation of the place of intelligence in France.... His personal anecdotes add to public knowledge of historical events." Despite some editing errors, the work "provides a quick, competent overview of the challenges facing French intelligence."

Krop, Pascal. Les Secrets de l'espionnage français de 1870 à nos jours. Paris: J.C. Lattes, 1993.

Lacoste, Pierre, ed. Le renseignement à la française. [Intelligence French Style] Paris: Economica, 1998.

Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), notes that Admiral Lacoste headed the DGSE from 1982 to 1985.

Laurent, Sébastien. "Le service secret de l'État: La part des militaires (1870-1945) [The Secret Service of the State: The Role of Military Men]." In Serviteurs de l'état: Une histoire politique de l'administraion française 1875-1945, eds. Marc-Olivier Baruch and Vincent Duclert, 279-295. Paris: Editions La Découverte, 2000.

Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), calls this "a remarkable survey of French army intelligence" in which the author "nails down that complicated, evolving organization."

Marenches, Alexandre de, comte, and David A. Andelman. The Fourth World War: Diplomacy and Espionage in the Age of Terrorism. New York: William Morrow, 1992.

Clark comment: The author was Director-General of the French foreign intelligence service, Service de Documentation Exterieure et de Contre-Espionnage (SDECE), from 1970 to 1981, under Presidents Pompidou and d'Estaing.

Surveillant 2.6 notes that this is an "updated and adapted version of the original work Dans le Secret des Princes, published in 1986 by Editions Stock and signed Alexandre de Marenches and Christine Ockrent. The de Marenches/Ockrent version was reprinted in English in the U.K. under the title The Evil Empire: The Third World War Now. This is an impressive presentation of responses by the Count de Marenches ... to questions posed by journalist Ockrent in a series of interviews."

According to Pierre, FA 71.5 (Sep.-Oct. 1992), the author "tells his many cloak and dagger stories with verve and color," but he "goes off track ... when he looks to the future. He sees the opening skirmishes of a new world war -- between South and North -- the new enemies being terrorists, drug lords and dictators. 'Mutual Assured Destruction' must now be replaced by a doctrine of 'Certain Destruction' of terrorist groups; a 'Decent People's Club' of nations that believe in individual liberty must be created. These extreme views inadvertently cast some doubt on his judgment while running French intelligence."

Valcourt, IJI&C 6.1, adds that de Marenches is "[o]ften referred to as the Henry Kissinger of France." The Fourth World War "combatants are the Northern nations versus the Southern.... The intelligence organizations of the Western nations must be redirected to study the new opposition." The author's "views must be considered seriously."

For Rurarz-Huygens, IJI&C 2.1, "'Dans le secret des princes' is a powerful book." It is both a "political and philosophical statement." The author is "profoundly troubled by the behavior of the 'soft democracies.'" McCormick, I&NS 4.1, concludes that "this is a constructive book which should be read widely by all who care about the future of intelligence and security services."

Marion, Pierre. La Mission Impossible: A la tête des Services Secrets. Paris: Calmann-Levy, 1991.

Melot, Frederic. Les Metiers de la Securite et du Renseignement -- Sapeur-Pompier, Gendarme, Douanier, Detective Prive.... [Careers in Security and Intelligence -- Firemen, Gendarmes, Customs Agents, Private Detectives....] Levallois-Perret: Jeunes Editions, 1999.

Intelligence, 8 Nov. 1999, calls this an "unpretentious little book [that] furnishes clear and succinct, but detailed, descriptions of all French intelligence services and law enforcement agencies. Their functions and the types of jobs performed are laid out in a manner to allow young students to decide which could be interesting career possibilities."

 

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