FRANCE

1997-1999

Reportage on the arrest in 1998 of a member of the French delegation to the NATO military committee on charges of spying for Yugoslavia is available at: French Spy for Yugloslavia in NATO.

Materials arranged chronologically.

Jacobson, Philip. "France's Secret Police Betrayed by Informer." Telegraph (London), 13 Apr. 1997. [http://www.theherald.co.uk]

"For more than a year, inside information about operations by the Renseignements Généraux, the police special branch, has been fed to an investigating magistrate in Paris" by "a well- informed whistleblower" who uses "the cover name of Le Corbeau -- 'The Crow.'"

Macintyre. Ben, and Michael Evans. "French 'Spy' on US Business in New Secret War." Times (London), 17 Jun 1998, 15.

Counterintelligence News and Developments. "More on French Spying." Sep. 1998. [http://www.nacic.gov]

"The French magazine Le Point reported in mid-June that France systematically listens in on the telephone conversations and cable traffic of many businesses based in the United States and other nations. The article also reports the French Government uses a network of listening stations to eavesdrop and pass on commercial secrets to French businesses competing in the global economy."

Nundy, Julian. "35 Senior French Politicians 'Spied for Soviet Bloc.'" Telegraph (London), 17 Sep. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

According to the conservative daily Le Figaro on 16 September 1998, "[u]p to 35 senior French politicians have been identified as having acted as East Bloc agents at the height of the Cold War." The newspaper named the late Socialist defence minister, Charles Hernu, as an agent of Soviet Bloc intelligence services.

Guisnel, Jean. Tr., DN. "French Cryptology: The Takeover by Force of Jospin." Le Point, 21 May 1999. [http://jya.com/jospin-coup.htm]

On 19 January 1999, French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin "completely liberalized the use of cryptology in France, trampling on principles heretofore reserved for security specialists.... [T]he Americans ... [had] hoped that our country would preserve its restrictive position on cryptology."

Bremner, Charles.

1. "Top French Socialist Named as KGB Spy." Times (London), 16 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

On 15 September 1999, Le Monde identified "Claude Estier, the leader of the governing Socialist party in the French Senate and a confidant of the late President Mitterrand,... as one of two high-placed 'agents of influence' cited in the files of the KGB which were smuggled out of Russia by Vasili Mitrokhin."

2. "Paris Shrugs Off Claims of KGB Hand on Its Shoulder." Times (London), 16 Sep. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

On 15 September 1999, "[t]he French establishment tried to shrug off claims that the country's civil service, politics and intellectual life had been riddled with Soviet agents throughout the Cold War years. The staff of Senator Claude Estier, identified by Le Monde as a key Soviet informant cited in the Mitrokhin archive, dismissed the affair as 'a hoary old chestnut.'"

Sage, Adam. "France 'Did Deal' to Capture Jackal." Times (London), 16 Oct. 1999. [http:// www.the-times.co.uk]

"Fresh evidence emerged [on 15 October 1999] to support claims that France secured the 1994 capture of Carlos the Jackal through a secret deal to supply military equipment to Sudan."

Strauss, Julius. "French Spies 'Plotted to Kill Milosevic.'" Telegraph (London), 26 Nov. 1999. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

According to Yugoslav Information Minister Goran Matic, the Yugoslav authorities "have uncovered a plot by French agents to kill President Slobodan Milosevic." Associated Press, "France Denies Milosevic Plot Claim," 26 Nov. 1999, reports a statement by Francois Rivasseau, deputy spokesman for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, that, "Such allegations are devoid of any foundation."

Burns, John, et al. "Arrest at U.S. Border Reverberates in France." New York Times, 22 Dec. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"When United States customs officials arrested Ahmed Ressam near Seattle last week..., American intelligence officials knew little about him. But the arrest set off alarms in France, where antiterrorist officials had been focusing on the 32-year-old Mr. Ressam because of his connections to a loosely organized group of Islamic radicals that French investigators suspect had carried out a series of attacks on supermarkets, armored security vehicles and banks in northern France in 1996."

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