Reynolds, Quentin. The FBI. New York: Random House, [1963 (Petersen); 1954 (Wilcox)].
Wilcox: "Critical account ... by [p]ro-Soviet American novelist."
Ross, Caroline, and Ken Lawrence. The Politics of Repression in the United States, 1939-1976: J. Edgar Hoover's Detention Plan. Jackson, MS: American Friends Service Committee, Program on Government Surveillance, 1978. [Petersen]
See also, Tim Weiner, "Hoover Planned Mass Jailing in 1950," New York Times, 23 Dec. 2007.
Schott, Joseph L. No Left Turns: The FBI in Peace and War. New York: Praeger, 1975.
Wilcox: "Exposé of FBI abuses, COINTELPRO, surveillance of dissidents."
Sullivan, William C., and Bill Brown. The Bureau: My Thirty Years in Hoover's FBI. New York: Norton, 1979. New York: Pinnacle, 1982.
Constantinides notes that Sullivan was number three in the FBI hierarchy prior to his split with Hoover in 1971. Sullivan tends to blame the bureau's shortcomings in counterintelligence and counterespionage work "on Hoover and the structure within the FBI, which many will consider valid as far as it goes but an incomplete explanation."
Theoharis, Athan G.
1. "A Creative and Aggressive FBI: The Victor Kravchenko Case." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 2 (Jun. 2005): 321-331.
Victor Kravchenko defected from the Soviet Union in April 1944. His "case confirms that FBI officials had willingly employed intrusive investigative techniques..., and further had initiated aggressive non-criminal intelligence investigations."
2. "The FBI's Stretching of Presidential Directives, 1936-1953." Political Science Quarterly 91 (Winter 1977): 649-673.
3. "Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)." In Government Agencies, ed. Donald R. Whitnah, 214-219. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1983. [Petersen]
4. ed. Beyond the Hiss Case: The FBI, Congress, and the Cold War. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1978.
This is an earlier work by this long-time FBI/Hoover critic.
5. and John Stuart Cox. The Boss: J. Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1988. New York: Bantam, 1990. [pb]
Surveillant 1.2 notes that Theoharis and Cox draw on "previously unknown and sensitive Bureau files as well as interviews." O'Reilly, Policy Studies Journal 21.3, comments that the authors are "absolutely relentless in criticizing Hoover." Theoharis is "unique in that he relished work in the files." Schrecker, JAH 76.1, sees the book as providing "a detailed description of the FBI's unauthorized activities and of the elaborate ruses Hoover and his aides devised to conceal them." The authors have found no evidence that Hoover was gay, but their "occasionally heavy-handed psychologizing cannot always be sustained."
1. The FBI's Most Famous Cases. New York: Morrow, 1965.
2. Inside the FBI: From the Files of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Independent Sources. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1980.
According to Constantinides, the counterintelligence and counterespionage aspects of this book are all in one chapter and include three cases: William Kampiles' sale of the KH-11 manual to the Soviets, the Troung and Humphrey arrests and convictions for passing documents to the North Vietnamese, and the FBI's double-agent operation against the Soviets using U.S. Navy officer Lindberg. Tully adds little to our understanding of the three cases.
Ungar, Sanford J.
1. FBI: An Uncensored Look Behind the Walls. Boston: Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1976
According to Pforzheimer, this book "was published before much of the testimony ... in 1975-76 before various congressional committees which went into great detail on many of the Bureau's operations in the internal security area." Wilcox says it is a "[c]ritical account, especially with respect to political surveillance of leftists."
2. "The FBI File." The Atlantic 235 (Apr. 1975): 37-52. [Petersen]
U.S. Congress. Senate. Memorial Tributes to J. Edgar Hoover in the Congress of the United States and Various Articles and Editorials Relating to His Life and Work. Sen. Doc. No. 93-68. 93d Cong., 2d sess. Washington, DC: GPO, 1974. [Petersen]
Verbitsky, Anatole, and Dick Adler. Sleeping with Moscow: The Authorized Account of the KGB's Bungled Infiltration of the FBI by Two of the Soviet Union's Most Unlikely Operatives. New York: Shapolsky, 1987. [Petersen]
Wannall, W. Raymond. "The FBI: Perennial Target of the Left." Nightwatch 3, no. 8 (1988): 1-4. (Special Report) [Petersen]
Watters, Pat, and Stephen Gillers, eds. Investigating the FBI. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973.
Wilcox: "Critical acount of FBI domestic political surveillance, COINTELPRO."
Webster, William H. "The FBI and the War Against Terrorism and Espionage." ABA Standing Committee Intelligence Report 7, no. 12 (1985): 1, 7. [Petersen]
FBI Director at time of article.
Weiner, Tim. "Hoover Planned Mass Jailing in 1950." New York Times, 23 Dec. 2007. [http://www.nytimes.com]
According to a collection of cold-war documents declassified on 21 December 2007, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover "had a plan to suspend habeas corpus and imprison some 12,000 Americans he suspected of disloyalty. Hoover sent his plan to the White House on July 7, 1950, 12 days after the Korean War began." The names of the individuals to be arrested "were part of an index that Hoover had been compiling for years. 'The index now contains approximately twelve thousand individuals, of which approximately ninety-seven per cent are citizens of the United States,' he wrote."
Whitehead, Don. The FBI Story: A Report to the People. New York: Random House, 1956. The FBI Story. London: Mueller, 1957.
Petersen calls this a "standard favorable treatment of the Bureau," while Wilcox notes that Whitehead emphasizes counterespionage activity. For Pforzheimer (1985), the book is a somewhat dated but nevertheless "relatively comprehensive and solid treatment of FBI history through the mid-1950's."
Wicker, Tom. "What Have They Done Since They Shot Dillinger?" New York Times Magazine (28 Dec. 1969): 4-7, 14-15, 18-19, 28-29.
Wright, Richard O., ed. Whose FBI? LaSalle, IL: Open Court, 1974.
Wilcox: "Critical account"; "collection of articles."
Return to FBI Postwar Table of Contents
Return to FBI Table of Contents