Materials arranged chronologically.
Wannall, W. Raymond. "The FBI's Domestic Intelligence Operations: Domestic Security in Limbo." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 4, no. 4 (Winter 1990): 443-473.
Capps, Freddie L., Jr. "Espionage Awareness Programs." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Sep. 1991, 17-19.
Tomlinson, James E. "Foreign Counterintelligence: An FBI Priority." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, Sep. 1991, 10-14.
ProQuest: This article presents a "brief overview of the FBI's foreign counterintelligence mission."
Wannall, W. Raymond. "The FBI's Counterintelligence Role." Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene 11, no. 3 (1992): 1-3.
Dobbs, Michael, and R. Jeffrey Smith. "The KGB's Keystone Kops: How the FBI Penetrated Moscow's Washington Spy Ring." WPNWE, 8-14 Mar. 1993, 11-12.
This article keys off interviews with Yuri Shvets, a former KGB officer who served in Washington 1985-1987. "A combination of treachery, bureaucratic incompetence and effective FBI penetration of the [Washington 'residency'] enabled U.S. authorities to smash long-standing Soviet spy rings and carry out a spectacular expulsion of KGB officers in October 1986.... Over the past few years, the KGB has managed to put its Washington operation back together, but it lacks the aggressive bite it once had, according to sources in Washington and Moscow."
Allen, Henry. "J. Edgar Hoover's Fall from Fashion: It's Been a Long Slide from National Hero to Devil in a Black Dress." WPNWE, 29 Mar.-4 Apr. 1993, 10-11.
Keyed to Anthony Summers' Official and Confidential and television show carried on PBS' "Frontline," this article essentially says that the public made Hoover's reputation and can destroy it as well. The author seems to relish all the accusations, even without accepting any of them.
Devroy, Ann, and Michael Isikoff. "The Bureau's New Chief: Tough and Fair." WPNWE, 26 Jul.-1 Aug. 1993, 33.
Reports and comments on the nomination of Louis J. Freeh to replace the fired William S. Sessions as FBI Director.
Isikoff, Michael. "The FBI's Freeh Agent." WPNWE, 15-21 Nov. 1993, 10-11.
Louis Freeh has been FBI Director since September, and change is in the air.
Wannall, W. Raymond. "Counterintelligence and Terrorism." Periscope 18, no. 6 (1993): 2.
"In the aborted bombing of U.N. Headquarters, New York City's Federal Building, and the Lincoln and Holland Tunnels, Hollywood could not have scripted a more perfect scenario to illustrate the importance to our lives and economy of counterintelligence operations."
Palmer, Elizabeth A. "Conferees Agree on Bigger Role for FBI in Spy Cases." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 24 Sep. 1994, 2706.
House and Senate conferees completed work on the fiscal 1995 intelligence authorization bill on 22 September 1994. The conference committee "decided to clip the wings of the CIA, effectively placing the FBI in charge of all counterespionage investigations.... In return for the House's agreement to the FBI provision, Senate conferees dropped their objections to a satellite project backed by House members."
Ottaway, David B. "Frustrating the FBI." WPNWE, 24-30 Jul. 1995, 32.
The manhunt for Mir Aimal Kansi, wanted for the shootings outside CIA Headquarters on 25 January 1993, has been slowed by geography and Pakistani politics. At the end of March, the FBI reclassified Kansi as a suspected international terrorist. This allowed the use of the State Department's Counter-Terrorism Rewards Program to raise the reward offered for information leading to the arrest of Kansi to $2 million.
Cassata, Donna. "Spy Budget Cleared for Clinton; Plan for New Agency Curbed." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, 23 Dec. 1995, 3894-3895.
On 21 December 1995, the House and the Senate passed the fiscal 1996 intelligence authorization bill. "The bill reportedly authorizes about $28 billion." The measure allows the FBI to "obtain a court order to gain access to consumer credit reports and find the names and addresses of the financial institutions where an individual [under counterintelligence investigation] had an account."
Smith, R. Jeffrey, and Thomas W. Lippman. "Join the FBI, See the World." WPNWE, 26 Aug.-1 Sep. 1996, 32.
The FBI plans to double its presence overseas over the next four years. The plan is to increase from 23 to 46 the number of foreign cities where the FBI maintains a permanent office. FBI special agents would increase from 70 to 129 and support personnel from 54 to 79. Despite several unresolved issues, among them a protocol between the FBI and CIA to avoid conflict over foreign operations, the plan generally has the support of Congress.
Weiner, Tim. "Spies Can't Even Trust Other Side to Follow the Rules These Days." New York Times, 12 Nov. 1996, A1, A4 (N).
A retired Russian spy, Vladimir Galkin, was arrested by the FBI as he deplaned at Kennedy International Airport. The espionage charges against him date back to 1991. The Russians are not happy.
McGee, Jim, and Roberto Suro. "Losing Confidence in the G-Men: The FBI Faces Congressional Criticism after Management Misfires and Computer Cost Overruns." WPNWE, 24 Mar. 1997, 29.
Barnes, James A. "Big Chill: The White House and the FBI." National Journal, 12 Apr. 1997, 720.
ProQuest: "White House officials are now accepting significant responsibility for failing to make sure that an FBI warning about Chinese attempts to influence the 1996 election reached Pres[ident] Clinton. FBI director Louis Freeh has considered resigning, in part to improve the agency's ties with the White House."
Johnston, David. "Justice Dept. Calls F.B.I. Derelict in Pursuit of C.I.A.'s Most Damaging Spy." New York Times, 18 Apr. 1997, A13 (N).
An internal Justice Department inquiry blames the FBI for failing to aggressively pursue the counterintelligence case that eight years later led to Aldrich Ames. FBI counterintelligence agents believe the criticism is misdirected.
Gibbs, Nancy. "Under the Microscope: Once the Most Esteemed Federal Agency, the FBI Comes Under Attack for Sloppy Work." Time, 28 Apr. 1997, 28-35.
The focus here is two-fold: the recent problems the Bureau has undergone and Director Freeh's management style and decisions. The article notes the Director's "icy" relations with the White House and the troubles he has had with the Republicans in Congress. A side-bar story looks at the difficulties encountered by the FBI laboratory: Elaine Shannon, "The Gang that Couldn't Examine Straight," pp. 30-31.
Thomas, Pierre, and Roberto Sura. "Halfway Around the World, Lure of Reward Triggered FBI Undercover Effort to Capture CIA Suspect." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 1997, A1, A10-11. "Going Global to Get Their Man." WPNWE, 23 Jun. 1997, 31.
On 15 June 1997, FBI agents captured Mir Aimal Kansi in a motel on Pakistan's border with Afghanistan. Kansi is accused of the murderous 1993 attack on motorists outside CIA headquarters. He was arraigned on murder charges on 18 June 1997 in Fairfax County, Virginia.
McGee, Jim. "Is the FBI Too Charged Up? The Agency's Growing Power Is Causing Concerns about Civil Liberties." WPNWE, 11 Aug. 1997, 6-9.
This is a nonalarmist-yet-cautionary look at changes, especially those associated with Director Louis Freeh but preceding him as well, in the authorities for and scope of FBI activities. Civil libertarians are concerned that rules adopted in the 1970s in response to revelations of FBI investigative abuses under the rationale of national security are being weakened in the name of combating terrorism.
The "changes at the FBI do not only involve amending old rules and widening jurisdiction. The agency is also interweaving itself with the rest of the national security establishment." Now being created at the FBI is "a unified system of intelligence gathering that blends top-of-the-line federal law enforcement, military, civilian intelligence and local resources." In addition to the domestic security implications of these changes, the FBI's overseas presence has been expanded by acquiring jurisdiction over transnational crimes and establishing 23 new FBI offices around the world. In essence, "the legal wall that separated the FBI's domestic law enforcement work from the military and the intelligence community" has been eroded.
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