FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION

Robert Philip Hanssen

March 2001

Materials presented chronologically.

Loeb, Vernon, and Dan Eggen. "Hanssen Carried Secrets Between FBI, State Dept." Washington Post, 1 Mar. 2001, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Present and former State Department officials said on 28 February 2001 that "[o]ne of accused spy Robert P. Hanssen's regular duties over the past five years was to carry secret intelligence documents between the State Department and FBI headquarters."

Risen, James, with Lowell Bergman. "U.S. Thinks Agent Revealed Tunnel at Soviet Embassy." New York Times, 4 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to intelligence and law enforcement officials, the U.S. government "constructed a secret tunnel under the Soviet Union's embassy in Washington to eavesdrop, but federal investigators now believe the operation was betrayed" by Robert Philip Hanssen. The existence of the tunnel operation "has never publicly disclosed.... But in an F.B.I. affidavit in the Hanssen case, the government stated that Mr. Hanssen 'compromised an entire technical program of enormous value, expense and importance to the United States government.' Officials said that was a reference to the tunnel operation and related intelligence activities."

Risen, James. "F.B.I. Spy Case May Explain Arrest of a K.G.B. Agent." New York Times, 7 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"Former C.I.A. officer Jack Platt" believes that "his onetime adversary turned friend and business partner, a former major in the K.G.B. named Gennady Vasilenko," was betrayed to the KGB by Robert Philip Hanssen rather than Aldrich Ames.

Hoffman, Lisa. "FBI Scandal Leaves CIA Gloating." Sun-Times (Chicago), 11 Mar. 2001. [http://www.suntimes.com]

"When CIA mole Aldrich Ames was unearthed in 1994, Congress and President Bill Clinton punished the spy agency by yanking its control over its own counterintelligence operations and giving it to the FBI.... Now the tables have turned. It's the FBI in the hot seat this time, embarrassed by its damaging failure to detect its own alleged Russian mole, 15-year FBI counterintelligence operative Robert Hanssen."

Eggen, Dan. "Webster Begins Probe of FBI Security Measures." Washington Post, 13 Mar. 2001. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"Former FBI and CIA director William H. Webster officially began his probe this week into security measures at the FBI in the wake of the Robert P. Hanssen spy case, after receiving a formal outline of his duties from the Justice Department."

Bamford, James. "My Friend, the Spy." New York Times, 18 Mar. 2001. [http://www. nytimes.com]

The author, who knew FBI turncoat Robert Hanssen as a friend, writes: "[I]f the criminal charges prove correct, hidden deep behind [a] pious, anti-Communist facade was a disturbing, bifurcated psyche" -- "[a] man who could leave Sunday Mass and load a dead drop with top-secret documents or march in protest at the killing of 'unborn children' while coolly sending American spies to their deaths."

Loeb, Vernon, and Walter Pincus. "Hanssen Case May Be Linked to Defector." Washington Post, 18 Mar. 2001, A5. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Sergei Tretyakov, previously first secretary in Russia's UN mission, "has become the subject of international speculation" since Robert Hanssen's arrest. "Tretyakov defected to the United States in October [2000], around the time that FBI investigators obtained the contents of a KGB case file that quickly led them to finger Hanssen as a mole.... [However,] Tretyakov is not the only Russian spy to defect [recently].... In December [2000],... Yevgeny Toropov, another Russian intelligence officer, defected in Ottawa.... News of Toropov's defection,... confirmed 10 days ago by Canadian officials, set off another round of guessing about the source of the Hanssen material."

Risen, James, and Jane Perlez. "Russian Diplomats Ordered Expelled in a Countermove." New York Times, 22 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In a meeting with Russian Ambassador Yuri V. Ushakov on 21 March 2001, U.S. Secretary of State Colin L. Powell ordered "four or five Russian diplomats" to leave the country. According to U.S. officials, this move comes "in the wake of the arrest" of FBI agent Robert P. Hanssen "on charges that he spied for Moscow for more than 15 years." Powell described the Russian diplomats as "intelligence officers working undercover as diplomats." He also told Ushakov that "the United States wants another 40 or more diplomats to leave over the next several months in order to reduce the Russian intelligence presence in the United States. In all, the actions could affect close to 50 Russian diplomats, officials said."

Risen, James. "News Analysis: In Espionage Game, Get Caught, Lose Players." New York Times, 23 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"President Bush's decision to expel four Russian diplomats immediately, and demand that the Russians withdraw 46 more by July 1 [2001], is the largest such action since 1986 and far more aggressive than any similar move taken by the United States since the collapse of the Soviet Union.... But the actions follow the general rule that both the United States and the Soviet Union, and now Russia, have always accepted: when one side gets caught running a spy on the other's turf, some intelligence officers serving under cover as diplomats have to go home."

Loeb, Vernon. "Spies and Other Ego-Trippers: Psychiatrist Jerrold Post Weighs the Personality in Politics." Washington Post, 24 Mar. 2001, C1. [http://www.washingtonpost. com]

In 1975 CIA psychiatrist Jerrold M. Post wrote in a now-declassified paper, "The Anatomy of Treason" that "spies are people 'who have a pattern of split loyalties..., who can sham loyalty on the surface while actually being disloyal under the surface.... One particular psychological quality which we find in the major agents in spades ... is narcissism or self-absorption, egocentricity.' When he heard last month about the arrest of Robert Hanssen, a devout Catholic and dedicated family man accused of spying within the FBI, Post was puzzled. In all his years as a psychological profiler, he had rarely come across a spy whose outward life seemed so free of crisis or conflict."

Tyler, Patrick E. "Russia Expels 4 Americans and Vows 'Other Measures.'" New York Times, 24 Mar. 2001. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 23 March 2001, a Russian Foreign Ministry official said that Russia "was expelling four United States diplomats for 'activities incompatible with their status,' the diplomatic phrase for espionage, and added that it would take 'other measures to halt the unlawful activities' of official American representatives."

 

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