FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION

2005

Materials arranged chronologically.

Schmitt, Richard B., and Greg Miller. "FBI in Talks to Extend Reach." Los Angeles Times, 28 Jan. 2005. [http://www.latimes.com]

According to intelligence and congressional sources on 27 January 2005, "[t]he FBI is significantly expanding its intelligence-gathering activities in the U.S., including stepped-up efforts to collect and report intelligence on foreign figures and governments, a function that long has been principally the CIA's domain."

Burger, Timothy J., and Brian Bennett. "The Russians Are Coming." Time, 30 Jan. 2005. [http://www.time.com]

Russia continues to field "an army of spooks in the U.S. that is at least equal in number to the one deployed by the old, much larger Soviet Union." According to senior U.S. intelligence and law-enforcement officials, "Russia runs more than 100 known spies under official cover in the U.S.... As the FBI has remade itself in the wake of 9/11 into a counterterrorism agency, the bureau's long-standing counterintelligence mission has been bumped down a notch on the priority list. During this time, Russia has been among the U.S.'s rivals most aggressively exploiting the opening to build up its spying capabilities."

Priest, Dana. "FBI Pushes to Expand Domain Into CIA's Intelligence Gathering: Common Ground Not Yet Reached on Agency Roles in U.S." Washington Post, 6 Feb. 2005, A10. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III is pushing to rewrite the rules under which the CIA and FBI have operated domestically for decades and to assert what he views as the FBI's proper authority over all domestic intelligence gathering.... [F]or decades, the CIA has been allowed under U.S. law to recruit foreign officials, business executives and students living in or visiting the United States to spy for the agency when they return home. CIA case officers working in the National Resources Division, which has stations in major U.S. cities, routinely debrief, on a voluntary basis, U.S. business executives and others who work overseas."

Johnston, David, and Douglas Jehl. "F.B.I.'s Recruiting of Spies Causes Rift with C.I.A." New York Times, 11 Feb. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Senior government officials have said that a "new effort by the F.B.I. to recruit foreigners in the United States and use them as spies overseas has created new frictions" with the CIA. According to senior intelligence officials, there "have been several episodes in which the F.B.I. failed to inform the C.I.A. fully about its relationships with intelligence sources overseas or practiced poor tradecraft in its dealing with them."

Burger, Timothy J., and Brian Bennett. "Negroponte's First Test?" Time, 29 Apr. 2005. [http://www.time.com]

DNI John Negroponte "already has a major shouting match between the FBI and CIA to referee. The disagreement is about human spies -- who's in charge of recruiting them inside the U.S. and then handling them abroad against terrorists and foreign governments."

Eggen, Dan. "FBI Fails to Transform Itself, Panel Says: Former Sept. 11 Commission 'Taken Aback' by Personnel, Technology Problems." Washington Post, 7 Jun. 2005, A4. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

Former members of the 9/11 commission have "reorganized as a private nonprofit group, the 9/11 Public Discourse Project.... The 10-member bipartisan panel plans to issue a 'report card' on the government's performance in improving its counterterrorism efforts." On 6 June 2005, the group convened the "first in a series of hearings to be held this summer." Former Deputy Attorney General Jamie S. Gorelick said that the group "was 'taken aback' by the extent of FBI failures..., including the FBI's scrapping of an expensive computer upgrade and its continued difficulty hiring qualified intelligence analysts."

Eggen, Dan. "Pre-9/11 Missteps By FBI: Detailed: Report Tells of Missed Chances To Find Hijackers." Washington Post, 10 Jun. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to a report by Justice Department Inspector General Glenn A. Fine, released on 9 June 2005, the FBI's "inability to detect the Sept. 11, 2001, hijacking plot amounts to a 'significant failure' ... and was caused in large part by 'widespread and longstanding deficiencies' in the way the agency handled terrorism and intelligence cases." See also, Eric Lichtblau, "Report Details F.B.I.'s Failure on 2 Hijackers," New York Times, 10 Jun. 2005.

Johnston, David. "Antiterror Head Will Help Choose an F.B.I. Official." New York Times, 12 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

The FBI "will allow" DNI John D. Negroponte "to help choose" jointly with FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III the FBI's associate director for intelligence. The recommendation to appoint a head of intelligence was contained in the report of the Silberman-Robb presidential commission on U.S. intelligence in Iraq.

Johnston, David. "F.B.I. Counterterror Officials Lack Experience, Lawyer Says." New York Times, 20 Jun. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

In a letter to three senators, Stephen M. Kohn, "[a] lawyer who interviewed a number of top current and former counterterrorism officials at the F.B.I. in connection with a lawsuit against the bureau," says that "the officials lacked a detailed understanding of terrorism and had been promoted to top jobs despite having had little experience in the field."

CNN. "Bush Creates National Security Service." 29 Jun. 2005. [http://www.cnn.com]

On 29 June 2005, "President Bush ... directed the creation of a new National Security Service within the FBI." The "service will specialize in intelligence and other national security matters and follow the priorities laid out" bythe DNI. "The service will operate within the FBI and combine the disparate assets of the Justice Department's counterterrorism, intelligence and espionage units." See also, Douglas Jehl, "Bush to Create New Unit in F.B.I. for Intelligence," New York Times, 30 Jun. 2005.

Mueller, Robert S., III. "Congressional Testimony: Statement of Robert S. Mueller, III, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation Before the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, July 27, 2005." Available at: http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress05/mueller072705.htm.

The FBI Director addresses a range of issues concerning his organization. He begins with the President's announcement of the creation of an intelligence service within the FBI (National Security Branch), an amalgam of the Bureau's Directorate of Intelligence, Counterterrorism Division, and Counterintelligence Division. He also discusses "three areas that directly impact the success of this new intelligence service: our Language Program, our Information Technology capabilities, and our ability to recruit, hire, train, and retain the expertise we need to build this service."

Lichtblau, Eric. "F.B.I.'s Translation Backlog Grows." New York Times, 28 Jul. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 27 July 2005, Justice Department Inspector General Glenn A. Fine told the Senate Judiciary Committee that the FBI's "backlog of untranslated terrorism intelligence doubled last year, and the time it takes the bureau to hire translators has grown longer."

Lichtblau, Eric. "F.B.I. Picks Chief for New National Security Unit." New York Times, 13 Aug. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 12 August 2005, the FBI named Gary M. Bald, currently chief of the FBI's counterterrorism division, to lead its newly created division on national security. Philip Mudd, currently the deputy of the CIA's counterterrorism center, will be Bald's deputy.

Cumming, Alfred, and Todd Masse. Intelligence Reform Implementation at the Federal Bureau of Investigation: Issues and Options for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 16 Aug. 2005. Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL33033.pdf.

"This report analyzes the FBI's overall intelligence reform effort, focusing on the implementation of intelligence reform initiatives in the field. Reform policies designed at FBI Headquarters, with field input, may be of marginal utility unless they are fully and effectively implemented across the 56 FBI field offices.... While areas of promise exist, field research indicates that the FBI's ability to formally harness intelligence collection (including systemic accountability mechanisms) to analytically identified intelligence gaps, remains nascent." (Italics in original)

Harris, Francis. "FBI Cracks Down on China's Elusive Army of Amateur Spies." Telegraph.co.uk, 17 Aug. 2005. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

"The FBI is deploying hundreds of new agents across America to crack down on spying by a small army of Chinese agents who are stealing information designed to kick-start high-tech military and business programmes. The new counter-intelligence strategy reflects growing alarm at the damage being done by spies hidden among the 700,000 Chinese visitors entering the US each year."

Eggen, Dan. "FBI Papers Indicate Intelligence Violations: Secret Surveillance Lacked Oversight." Washington Post, 24 Oct. 2005, A1. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

According to heavily censored documents provided to the Washington Post by the Electronic Privacy Information Center, which acquired them through an FOIA lawsuit, "[t]he FBI has conducted clandestine surveillance on some U.S. residents ... without proper paperwork or oversight." However, FBI officials argued "that none of the cases have involved major violations and most amount to administrative errors. The officials also said that any information obtained from improper searches or eavesdropping is quarantined and eventually destroyed."

Lichtblau, Eric. "Report Finds Cover-Up in an F.B.I. Terror Case." New York Times, 4 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to a draft report of an investigation by the Justice Department inspector general's office, dated 15 November 2005, FBI officials "mishandled a Florida terror investigation, falsified documents in the case in an effort to cover repeated missteps and retaliated against an agent who first complained about the problems."

Lichtblau, Eric. "F.B.I. Watched Activist Groups, New Files Show." New York Times, 20 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

According to newly available documents, FBI "[c]ounterterrorism agents ... have conducted numerous surveillance and intelligence-gathering operations that involved, at least indirectly, groups active in causes as diverse as the environment, animal cruelty and poverty relief."

Wald, Matthew L. "Widespread Radioactivity Monitoring Is Confirmed." New York Times, 24 Dec. 2005. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 23 December 2005, the Justice Department confirmed that "[t]he F.B.I. and the Energy Department have conducted thousands of searches for radioactive materials at private sites around the country in the last three years." According to a federal official speaking on condition of anonymity, "the investigators have visited hundreds of sites in Washington, New York, Chicago, Detroit, Las Vegas and Seattle on multiple occasions, as well other locations for high-profile events like the Super Bowl. The surveillance was conducted outdoors, and no warrants were needed or sought."

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