2012 - 2015

Materials arranged chronologically.

Miller, Greg. "FBI Gets a Broader Role in Coordinating Domestic Intelligence Activities." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 2012. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The FBI has been given an expanded role in coordinating the domestic intelligence-gathering activities of the CIA and other agencies under a plan enacted this year by Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper Jr., officials said. The bureau's highest-ranking field agents now also serve as the DNI's representatives across the country."

Rockwell, M. "FBI Counter Intelligence Division Gets New Assistant Director." Government Security News, 6 Aug. 2012. [http://www.gsnmagazine.com]

On 3 August 2012, FBI Director Robert Mueller named Robert Anderson, Jr., as assistant director of the FBI's Counterintelligence Division at the agency's Washington headquarters." Anderson had served as the division's deputy assistant director of operations since 2011.

Bjelopera, Jerome P. The Federal Bureau of Investigation and Terrorism Investigations. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 24 Apr. 2013. Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/R41780.pdf.

"This report sets forth possible considerations for Congress as it executes its oversight role. These issues include the extent to which intelligence has been integrated into FBI operations to support its counterterrorism mission and the progress the Bureau has made on its intelligence reform initiatives."

Sullivan, Sean. "NSA Head: Surveillance Helped Thwart More Than 50 Terror Plots." Washington Post, 18 Jun. 2013. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

NSA Director Gen. Keith Alexander and FBI Deputy Director Sean Joyce told the House Intelligence Committee on 18 June 2013 that "the government's sweeping surveillance efforts have helped thwart 'potential terrorist events' more than 50 times since the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks."

Harris, Shane. "Meet the Spies Doing the NSA's Dirty Work." Foreign Policy, 21 Nov. 2013. [http://www.foreignpolicy.com]

The FBI provides "a technical and legal infrastructure that permits the NSA ... to operate on U.S. soil." It "collects digital information from at least nine American technology companies as part of the NSA's Prism system." The FBI "carries out its own signals intelligence operations and is trying to collect huge amounts of email and Internet data from U.S. companies." The heart of its "signals intelligence activities is an obscure organization called the Data Intercept Technology Unit, or DITU.... [T]he unit is the FBI's equivalent of the [NSA] and the primary liaison between the spy agency and many of America's most important technology companies."

Goldman, Adam, and Julie Tate. "Inside the FBI's Secret Relationship with the Military's Special Operations." Washington Post, 10 Apr. 2014. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

"The FBI's transformation from a crime-fighting agency to a counterterrorism organization in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks has been well-documented. Less widely known has been the bureau's role in secret operations against al-Qaeda and its affiliates in Iraq and Afghanistan, among other locations around the world.... [A] little-known alliance between the bureau and the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) [has] allowed agents to participate in hundreds of raids in Iraq and Afghanistan." The focus here is on the bureau's Hostage and Rescue Team (HRT).

Baker, Peter, Eric Schmitt, and Michael S. Schmidt. "U.S. Seizes Suspect in Deadly Assault in Benghazi in '12." New York Times, 18 Jun. 2014, A1. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"[A]ccording to officials briefed on the operation," just after midnight local time on 16 June 2014 "about two dozen Delta Force commandos and two or three F.B.I. agents descended on the outskirts of Benghazi...; grabbed ... Ahmed Abu Khattala; stuffed him into a vehicle and raced away.... No shots were fired, and the suspect was spirited out of Libya to a United States Navy warship in the Mediterranean." See also, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, "Meet the Elite FBI Unit Likely Involved in the Benghazi Capture," Washington Post, 17 Jun. 2014, on the FBI's Hostage Rescue Team.

Schmitt, Eric. "F.B.I. Employees With Ties Abroad See Security Bias." New York Times, 3 Jan. 2015, A1. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"The F.B.I. is subjecting hundreds of its employees who were born overseas or have relatives or friends there to an aggressive internal surveillance program that started after Sept. 11, 2001,... but that has been greatly expanded since then.... Employees in the program -- called the Post-Adjudication Risk Management plan, or PARM -- face more frequent security interviews, polygraph tests, scrutiny of personal travel, and reviews of .... electronic communications and files downloaded from databases. Some of these employees, including Middle Eastern and Asian personnel..., say they are being penalized for possessing the very skills and background that got them hired."

Savage, Charles. "F.B.I. Broadening Surveillance Role." New York Times, 12 Jan. 2014, A10. [http://www.nytimes.com]

A "semi-redacted" study by Justice Department inspector general Michael E. Horowitz about FBI activities under the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 shows that the FBI "has gradually become a significant player in administering" the government's warrantless surveillance program.

Goldman, Adam. "FBI Adapts to Face Terrorism Threats but Still Faces Challenges, Report Finds." Washington Post, 25 Mar. 2015. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

A report from the 9/11 Review Commission says the FBI has "come a long way, improving the sharing of information and collaborating with intelligence partners." The report, titled "The FBI: Protecting the Homeland in the 21st Century," adds that "the FBI has lagged behind in other key programs, such as analysis and the development of a deep roster of informants." The commission "includes former attorney general Ed Meese, former congressman Tim Roemer and Georgetown University professor Bruce Hoffman.... Other issues identified in the report ... are the recruitment of people with the necessary skills to deal with complex missions, such as cyberthreats, and hiring linguists."

Shane, Scott. "Agents Enjoy Status, but Intelligence Analysts Gain Attentions." New York Times, 27 Mar. 2015, A17. [http://www.nytimes.com]

As the CIA and FBI "confront an evolving terrorist threat, cyberattacks and other challenges, both are reorganizing in ways intended to empower analysts. That involves the delicate job of meshing the very different cultures of the streetwise agent and the brainy analyst.... The biggest challenge remains at the F.B.I., a traditional law enforcement organization that has struggled since the 2001 terrorist attacks to remake itself as an intelligence agency." A report by the FBI 9/11 Review Commission "found that the bureau 'still does not sufficiently recognize them as a professionalized work force with distinct requirements for investment in training and education.'...

"At the C.I.A., where analysts have had a central role since its founding, they long worked largely apart from the 'operators,' who work in the field overseas recruiting agents. This month, John O. Brennan, the C.I.A. director, announced that analysts and operators would be combined in 10 new 'mission centers,' following the model of the agency's Counterterrorism Center. That may give the analysts greater day-to-day influence on operations. The latest moves continue the steady enhancement of the role of intelligence analysts."

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