Materials presented chronologically.
Hulnick, Arthur S. "U.S. Intelligence Reform: Problems and Prospects." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 302-315.
The legislation creating the DNI "did not give [the position] much authority and power" over the Intelligence Community. Nevertheless, John Negroponte "has made a good start at overhauling the management of the intelligence system. But this is not intelligence reform. That has to come at the working level, and so far, only a few signs of real change have appeared."
Office of the Director of National Intelligence. "National Open Source Enterprise." Intelligence Community Directive Number 301 [ICD 301]. Washington, DC: 11 Jul. 2006. Available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/icd/icd-301.pdf.
ICD 301 establishes DNI "policy and specifies responsibilities for the oversight. management, and implementation of IC open source activities." It "recognizes and establishes the roles and responsibilities of the Assistant Deputy DNI for Open Source (ADDNI/OS), the DNI Open Source Center (the Center). and the IC to ensure efficient and effective use of open source information and analysis.... Open source strategy development, programmatic oversight, and evaluation will be centralized under the ADDNI/OS. Open source activities will be executed in a distributed manner....
"DNI Open Source Center and D/CIA as Executive Agent
"a. The Center serves to advance the IC's exploitation of open source material and nurtures acquisition, procurement, analysis, dissemination, and sharing of open source information, products, and services throughout the USG.
"b. Under the overall guidance of the DNI, the D/CIA serves as the DNI's Executive agent for the Center, with day-to-day management delegated to the Center director and operating the Center under all relevant authorities available to the CIA. The Center director reports directly to the Deputy D/CIA in executing strategy, policy, and program guidance established by the DNI. The ADDNI/OS establishes open source strategy, policy, and prograrm guidance for the Center and other IC elements....
"c. The Center is established at CIA and builds on the former Foreign Broadcast Information Service. It will include personnel from across the IC and other USG organizations.
"d. The Center director is selected and appointed by the CIA with the concurrence of the DNI. The Center director reports to the Deputy D/CIA for day-to-day management. The Center director has two deputy directors (at least one of the deputy directors is from an IC element other than CIA). The Center director will select Center staff and manage the Center's overall operations.
"e. The Center's budget will remain a separate expenditure center within the CIA Program, and it may not be taxed or reprogrammed without DNI approval."
Waterman, Shaun. "Congress: 'Little Progress' on Intelligence Reform." United Press International, 27 Jul. 2006. [http://www.washingtontimes.com]
A report prepared by HPSCI staff, released on 27 July 2006, says that the DNI "has largely failed so far to put in place strategic planning and acquisition systems for the 16 U.S. spy agencies he manages, and 'heavy-handed' efforts to expand his budgetary powers risk provoking a turf war." The report goes on to say that "much progress has been made in better managing the intelligence community's analytic resources, and in identifying 'unintended and unwanted overlaps and, more importantly, critical gaps' in the capabilities of its different agencies. It also praises the changes made by the FBI in restructuring itself and reorienting its mission more towards domestic intelligence gathering, while insisting that much more remains to be done."
Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Public Affairs Office. "National Counterintelligence Executive and Mission Manager for Counterintelligence." ODNI News Release No. 15-06. Washington, DC: 7 Aug. 2006. [http://www.dni.gov/]
On 7 August 2006, DNI John D. Negroponte "appointed Joel F. Brenner to serve as National Counterintelligence Executive and Mission Manager for Counterintelligence." From 2002, Brenner was NSA Inspector General. He replaces Ambassador Eric Boswell who had been Acting National Counterintelligence Executive since January 2006.
Waterman, Shaun. "The DNI's Civil Liberties Office: Poachers Turned Gamekeepers?" United Press International, 8 Aug. 2006. [http://www.upi.com]
"Tim Edgar, formerly a senior legislative counsel at the ACLU's Washington office, started work [in July 2006] as the deputy civil liberties protection officer" in the office of DNI John Negroponte. Edgar "is one of a three-person civil liberties and privacy team headed by Alexander Joel," who previously worked in the CIA general counsel's office and was appointed last year to the new civil liberties post.
Office of the Director of National Intelligence, Public Affairs Office. "Mission Manager for Cuba and Venezuela Announced." ODNI News Release No. 16-06. Washington, DC: 18 Aug. 2006. [http://www.dni.gov/]
DNI John D. Negroponte has established the position of Mission Manager for Cuba and Venezuela. J. Patrick Maher will serve as Acting Mission Manager; he is currently NIO for the Western Hemisphere. Prior to assuming his NIO position in August 2005, Maher served with the CIA..
Aftergood, Steven. "DNI Intelligence Community Directives Disclosed." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 30 Aug. 2006. [http://www.fas.org]
The DNI has instituted a new system of policy statements for the Intelligence Community -- Intelligence Community Directives (ICDs). The new directives replace the former Director of Central Intelligence Directives (DCIDs). The DNI is also issuing "a series of Intelligence Community Policy Memorandums (ICPMs), which are initial statements of policy that have not yet been formalized as an ICD." ICDs are available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/icd/index.html; and ICPMs are available at: http://www.fas.org/irp/dni/icpm/index.html.
Zegart, Amy. "American Intelligence -- Still Stupid." Los Angeles Times, 17 Sep. 2006. [http://www.latimes.com]
Five years after the 9/11 attacks, "all our worst intelligence deficiencies remain. Intelligence is spread across 16 agencies that operate as warring tribes more than a team. The CIA is in disarray. And the FBI's information technology is stuck in the dark ages. There are more intelligence agencies to coordinate than ever but still no one in firm charge of them all. In 2004, Congress established the post of director of national intelligence. Rather than integrating intelligence, however, the job's creation has triggered huge turf wars. For the last two years, while the office of the intelligence director has been fighting over who briefs the president and who staffs assignments, the Pentagon has quietly expanded its intelligence activities at home and abroad."
In a slick, sarcastic, and accurate turn of phrase that will probably be picked up and used again (perhaps by me), Zegart refers to the CIA as "the agency formerly known as Central."
Waterman, Shaun. "U.S. Intelligence's New Data-Mining Program Looks Like Axed TIA." United Press International, 27 Oct. 2006. [http://www.upi.com]
ODNI contractors are "developing a computer system capable of data-mining huge amounts of information about everyday events to discern patterns that look like terrorist planning." The new system will "attract controversy because of its similarity to the Total Information Awareness or TIA program." Congress cut all funding to TIA in 2003, because of privacy and civil liberties concerns.
U.S. News & World Report. "Special Report: Playing Defense." 6 & 13 Nov. 2006. Available at: http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/061103/3dni.intro.htm.
1. Part One: Kevin Whitelaw, "The Eye of the Storm," 6 Nov. 2006, 47-52 [looks inside the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)]; and David E. Kaplan, "Hey, Let's Play Ball," 6 Nov. 2006, 52-57 [discusses the DNI's plan, "A Strategy for Analytic Outreach"].
2. Part Two: David E. Kaplan and Kevin Whitelaw, "Can This Man Keep America Safe?" 13 Nov. 2006, 44-53.
Assessing DNI Negroponte and efforts for change in the Intelligence Community. Includes sidebars, "The U.S. Intelligence Community" (p. 47) and "A Man Who's Not Getting Much Sleep" (p. 49).
Clark comment: These articles are well done and contain much up-to-date information on the current state of play with the DNI's efforts to further a more integrated Intelligence Community.
Waterman, Shaun. "State Fusion Centers Will Be Hubs of New Information Sharing Network." United Press International, 24 Nov. 2006. [http://www.upi.com]
According to Ambassador Thomas McNamara, program manager for the Information Sharing Environment (ISE) in the DNI's office, a new plan "will use state police-run intelligence fusion centers as the hubs for a national network of officials from different agencies and levels of government sharing information about terrorism."
Pincus, Walter. "National Intelligence Director Says He'll Stay On." Washington Post, 3 Dec. 2006, A6. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]
DNI John D. Negroponte, "who had been rumored to be going over to the State Department as deputy secretary," has said in an interview with C-Span "that he plans to remain in his current position through the end of the Bush administration." Negroponte has "assembled a staff from other agencies that now totals 1,200."
Thompson, Clive. "Open-Source Spying." New York Times, 3 Dec. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]
"When the intelligence services were computerized in the '90s, they ... digitally replicated their cold-war divisions -- each one building a multimillion-dollar system that allowed the agency to share information internally but not readily with anyone outside." Dale Meyerrose, the DNI's chief information officer, has "the daunting task of developing mechanisms to allow the various agencies' aging and incompatible systems to swap data." The article also discusses the use of such approaches to information sharing in the intelligence community as Intelink, Intellipedia, wikis, and blogs.
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