Materials arranged chronologically.

Caudle, Sharon L. "Security Strategies: Security from What, for Whom, and by What Means." Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Management 6, no.1, Article 22 (2009). []

From abstract: "In the past, strategies underlying national security narrowly focused on threats that could be addressed by military and/or diplomatic means. Now, however, 'national security' is viewed in a much broader context, with the focus on preserving that which makes a country unique, and that includes the intangibles of its culture as well as what physically lies within its borders. The result is that countries are revising existing national security strategies ... or crafting entirely new ones to address this much broader view of that which is to be protected."

Randol, Mark A. Homeland Security Intelligence: Perceptions, Statutory Definitions, and Approaches. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, updated 14 Jan. 2009. Available at:

"Reasonable individuals can differ ... with respect to the question of whether HSINT [homeland security intelligence] is another collection discipline, or whether homeland security is simply another purpose for which the current set of collection disciplines is being harnessed.... This report provides a potential conceptual model of how to frame HSINT, including geographic, structural/statutory, and holistic approaches. Given that state, local, tribal, and private sector officials play such an important role in HSINT, the holistic model, one not constrained by geography or levels of government, strikes many as the most compelling. The report argues that there is, in effect, a Homeland Security Intelligence Community (HSIC)."

Greenberg, Harold M. "Is the Department of Homeland Security an Intelligence Agency?" Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 2 (Apr. 2009): 216-235.

The author's self-described "unsatisfactory answer is both yes and no." This answer derives from Greenberg's use of the "intelligence cycle" as a yardstick to examine the myriad of tasks housed in DHS. Bureaucratically, however, the answer to Greenberg's question is that parts of DHS qualify as intelligence agencies (note the separate inclusion of the Coast Guard as a member of the Intelligence Community, in addition to the Office of Intelligence and Analysis), while other parts do not (seeing FEMA as part of an intelligence agency is a stretch).

Kingsbury, Alex. "Legendary Spy Charlie Allen Knows the CIA's Secrets." U.S. News & World Report, 23 Apr. 2009. []

This is a lengthy piece about Charlie Allen's 51 years in the intelligence business. The 74-year-old Allen officially retired from DHS on 21 April 2009.

Hudson, Audrey. "DHS Picks New Chief for Intelligence Office." Washington Times, 24 Apr. 2009. []

Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano announced on 23 April 2009 that the White House will "nominate Phillip Mudd as undersecretary for Intelligence and Analysis." Mudd currently is the FBI's associate executive assistant director of the national security branch. Mudd replaces Roger Mackin, who will move to the cybersecurity section in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). Napolitano also said that "she will appoint Bart R. Johnson as the principal deputy undersecretary." Johnson is currently serving as "director of homeland security and law enforcement" at the ODNI.

Peter Finn and Walter Pincus, "Nominee Pulls Out as Role at CIA Is Studied: Interrogations of Suspects Are Cited," Washington Post, 6 Jun. 2009, report that on 5 June 2009, Mudd, a former deputy director at both the CIA's Office of Terrorism Analysis and the National Counterterrorism Center, withdrew from consideration for the DHS position. His action came "after it became apparent that senators examining his nomination planned to scrutinize his role in the agency's interrogation of terrorism suspects."

Hayden, Michael V. "Defenders At Risk: How Blame Games Are Costing Spy Agencies." Washington Post, 19 Jun. 2009. []

The retired general and former DCIA, argues that because of Phillip Mudd's refusal to participate in a political circus, "the republic will do without the officer clearly most qualified to fill the head intelligence position at DHS." Hayden broadens his comment by adding that "Phil's fate is symptomatic of a larger and even more troubling reality. A whole swath of intelligence professionals -- the best we had, the ones we threw at the al-Qaeda challenge when the nation was in extremis -- are suffering for their sacrifice, being held up to recrimination for many decisions that were never wholly theirs and about which there was little protest when we all believed we were in danger."

Steiner, James E. "Improving Homeland Security at the State Level: Need: State-Level, Integrated Intelligence Enterprises." Studies in Intelligence 53, no. 3 (Sep. 2009): 1-10.

"Needed is a single, integrated intelligence enterprise with well-defined lanes-in-the-road for each large, complicated state like New York.... [T]his challenge is as daunting at the state level as it has been in the national Intelligence Community (IC)."

Bajll, Magdalena. "Homeland Security Intelligence: Regional Fusion Centers." American Intelligence Journal 27, no. 1 (Fall 2009): 61-66.

"A myriad of fragmented and inadequately coordinated efforts have been ... undertaken by various federal agencies to support the [state and urban intelligence] fusion centers. However, no comprehensive strategy has been developed to establish the most effective and efficient organizational structure to network the fusion centers and fit them into the broader national intelligence and homeland security frameworks."

Savage, Charlie, and Scott Shane. "Intelligence Improperly Collected on U.S. Citizens." New York Times, 17 Dec. 2009. []

According to documents released by the Justice Department on 16 December 2009 in connection with a FOIA lawsuit filed by the nonprofit Electronic Frontier Foundation, DHS's intelligence office has "improperly collected information about American citizens or lawful United States residents."

Hulnick, Arthur S. "Home Time: A New Paradigm for Domestic Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 4 (Winter 2009): 569-585.

The author provides one of his continuing looks at homeland security, and finds that some progress has been made. However, delivery of "both unevaluated and finished intelligence products" remains a "major hurdle." His conclusion: "The existing conglomerate system can do the job, and has made great strides in the right direction."

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